A Summary of the Record of the 112th Congress (2011 - 2012) of the United States

Congress-Summary >> 112th Congress >> Laws Passed by the 112th Congress



Updated through 1/10/2013.


Reference Links

Laws Passed by the 112th Congress

The list below is sequential, by Public Law identification number.
The listing below identifies the Public Law identification number and the House or Senate bill number that produced the law.
A link is provided to the text of both the Public Law and the enrolled bill. Note that it may take some time for the Government Printing Office to release the text of the public law, but the text of the enrolled bill is usually available at the time the bill is signed.
The Description provides the title of the law, as well as other brief supplementary explanation, as necessary.
Additionally, links are provided to the CRS Summary, the CBO estimate, and House or Senate reports on the bill, if available, and to our legislation summary.
- The Congressional Research Service (CRS) produces a concise summary of each bill, which can be reviewed without getting into all the details of the bill text.
- The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) produces estimates, as appropriate, of the impact of a bill on government spending, government revenues, and the US deficit.
- House and Senate reports are produced by the responsible committee and generally include rationale, minority party opinions, and other background information.
- Legislation summary provides either our summary timeline of the passage of the bill through Congress, or the Library of Congress summary of legislation.


Public Laws

Public Law Bill Description Date Signed
112-1 H.R. 366 To provide for an additional temporary extension of programs under the Small Business Act and the Small Business Investment Act of 1958. (1 page)
CRS summary.
Extends through May 31, 2011, the authorization for any program that is currently authorized through January 31, 2011, under the Small Business Act or the Small Business Investment Act of 1958.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/31/2011
112-2 S. 188 To designate the United States courthouse under construction at 98 West First Street, Yuma, Arizona, as the "John M. Roll United States Courthouse". (1 page)
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
2/17/2011
112-3 H.R. 514 "FISA Sunsets Extension Act of 2011"
To extend expiring provisions of the USA PATRIOT Improvement and Reauthorization Act of 2005 and Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 relating to access to business records, individual terrorists as agents of foreign powers, and roving wiretaps until December 8, 2011. (1 page)
CRS summary.
Amends the USA PATRIOT Improvement and Reauthorization Act of 2005 to extend through May 27, 2011, a provision granting roving electronic surveillance authority. Amends the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 to extend until May 27, 2011, a provision revising the definition of an "agent of a foreign power" to include any non-U.S. person who engages in international terrorism or preparatory activities ("lone wolf" provision). Note: Original version passed by House extended provisions until Dec 8, 2011. Senate amendment modified date to May 27, 2011, and House subsequently concurred with change.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
2/25/2011
112-4 H.J.Res 44 "Further Continuing Appropriations Amendments, 2011"
Making further continuing appropriations for fiscal year 2011, and for other purposes. (8 pages)
CRS summary.
Amends the Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011 (CAA of 2011) (P.L. 111-242) to extend through March 18, 2011, specified continuing appropriations for FY2011.
(P. L. 111-322 had previously extended continuing appropriations through March 4, 2011.)
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
3/2/2011
112-5 H.R. 662 "Surface Transportation Extension Act of 2011"
To provide an extension of Federal-aid highway, highway safety, motor carrier safety, transit, and other programs funded out of the Highway Trust Fund pending enactment of a multiyear law reauthorizing such programs. (9 pages)
CRS summary.
Funding previously authorized by Surface Transportation Extension Act (Public Law 111-147) until March 4, 2011, extended by this law to September 30, 2011.
No CBO Estimate.
House Report 112-18, Part 1.
Legislation summary.
3/4/2011
112-6 H.J.Res 48 "Additional Continuing Appropriations Amendments, 2011"
Making further continuing appropriations for fiscal year 2011, and for other purposes. (8 pages)
CRS summary.
Amends the Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011 (CAA of 2011) (P.L. 111-242) to extend through April 8, 2011, specified continuing appropriations for FY2011.
(P. L. 111-322 had previously extended continuing appropriations through March 4, 2011. Public Law 112-4 extended continuing appropriations through March 18, 2011.)
No CBO Estimate
Legislation summary.
3/18/2011
112-7 H.R. 1079 "Airport and Airway Extension Act of 2011"
To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to extend the funding and expenditure authority of the Airport and Airway Trust Fund, to amend title 49, United States Code, to extend the airport improvement program, and for other purposes. (3 pages)
CRS summary.
Extends through May 31, 2011, the existing taxes that are dedicated to the Airport and Airway Trust Fund (AATF) as well as the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA’s) authority to expend amounts credited to that fund. In addition, the bill would provide nearly $2.5 billion of contract authority (the authority to incur obligations in advance of appropriations, a mandatory form of budget authority) for the Airport Improvement Program (AIP) through May 2011—or $3.7 billion on an annualized basis. Previously, the Airport and Airway Extension Act of 2010, Part IV (Public Law 111-329) extended aviation-related taxes through March 31, 2011, and the FAA’s authority to expend amounts in the AATF through April 1, 2011. That act also provided nearly $1.9 billion of contract authority to AIP through March 31, 2011—or $3.7 billion on an annualized basis.
CBO Estimate, dated 3/17/2011.
House Report 112-41, Part I.
Legislation summary.
3/31/2011
112-8 H.R. 1363 "Department of Defense and Further Additional Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011"
"Further Additional Continuing Appropriations Amendments, 2011"
Making appropriations for the Department of Defense for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2011, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Extends existing Continuing Appropriations Act (P.L. 111-242) until April 15, 2011.
See also:
- Public Law 111-322
- Public Law 112-4
- Public Law 112-6
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
4/9/2011
112-9 H.R. 4 "Small Business Paperwork Mandate Elimination Act of 2011"
"Comprehensive 1099 Taxpayer Protection and Repayment of Exchange Subsidy Overpayments Act of 2011"
To repeal the expansion of information reporting requirements for payments of $600 or more to corporations, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the Internal Revenue Code to: (1) repeal requirements for the reporting to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) of payments of $600 or more to corporations that are not tax-exempt and of gross proceeds paid in consideration for any type of property; (2) repeal requirements for reporting payments made with respect to rental property which is not part of a trade or business; and (3) increase, for taxable years ending after December 31, 2013, the advance applicable dollar amount of the tax credit for health care premium assistance for taxpayers whose household income is less than 400% of the poverty line.
CBO Estimate, dated 2/18/2011.
House Report 112-15.
Legislation summary.
4/14/2011
112-10 H.R. 1473 "Department of Defense and Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011"
Making appropriations for the Department of Defense and the other departments and agencies of the Government for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2011, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2011 - Appropriates funds for FY2011 to the Department of Defense (DOD).
Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011 - Makes continuing appropriations for FY2011. Appropriates amounts for continuing operations, projects, or activities which were conducted in FY2010. Provides funding under this division through FY2011.
Scholarships for Opportunity and Results Act or SOAR Act - Authorizes the Secretary of Education to award grants to nonprofit organizations to carry out a program to provide expanded school choice opportunities to students who are District of Columbia (DC) residents and who come from certain qualifying low-income households. Repeals the DC School Choice Incentive Act of 2003. (See also H.R. 471.)
No CBO Estimate.
Presidential Signing Statement. President Obama's "signing statement" listing his objections to specific provisions in the bill and announcing his interpretation of specific provisions of the bill.
Legislation summary.
4/15/2011
112-11 S. 307 To designate the Federal building and United States courthouse located at 217 West King Street, Martinsburg, West Virginia, as the "W. Craig Broadwater Federal Building and United States Courthouse".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
4/25/2011
112-12 S.J. Res. 8 Providing for the appointment of Stephen M. Case as a citizen regent of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
4/25/2011
112-13 H.R. 1308 To amend the Ronald Reagan Centennial Commission Act to extend the termination date for the Commission, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the Ronald Reagan Centennial Commission Act to extend: (1) the due date of the final report of the Ronald Reagan Centennial Commission from April 30, 2011, to November 30, 2011; and (2) the final termination date of such Commission from May 30, 2011, to December 31, 2011.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
5/12/2011
112-14 S. 990 "Small Business Additional Temporary Extension Act of 2011"
To provide for an additional temporary extension of programs under the Small Business Act and the Small Business Investment Act of 1958, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Extends through June 30, 2011, under the same terms and conditions, the authorization for any program, authority, or provision, including any pilot program, that is currently authorized through May 31, 2011, under the Small Business Act or the Small Business Investment Act of 1958. Amends the Small Business Act (the Act) to reauthorize through May 31, 2012, the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs of the Small Business Administration (SBA), as well as the SBA's commercialization pilot program. Requires all SBIR or STTR funds to be awarded pursuant to competitive and merit-based selection procedures.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
5/26/2011
112-15 H.R. 793 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 12781 Sir Francis Drake Boulevard in Inverness, California, as the "Specialist Jake Robert Velloza Post Office".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
5/31/2011
112-16 H.R. 1893 "Airport and Airway Extension Act of 2011, Part II"
To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to extend the funding and expenditure authority of the Airport and Airway Trust Fund, to amend title 49, United States Code, to extend the airport improvement program, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the Internal Revenue Code to extend through June 30, 2011, increased excise taxes on aviation fuels, the excise tax on air transportation of persons and property, and the expenditure authority for the Airport and Airway Trust Fund. Increases the authorization of appropriations for the nine-month period beginning on October 1, 2010, for airport planning and development and noise compatibility planning projects (known as airport improvement projects [AIPs]). Allows such funds to be obligated at any time through September 30, 2011, and remain available until expended. Sets forth a formula for calculating AIP funding apportionments. Extends through June 30, 2011, the authority of the Secretary of Transportation to make new AIP grants. Extends until July 1, 2011: (1) the pilot program for passenger facility fee authorizations at non-hub airports, and (2) disclosure requirements for large and medium hub airports applying for AIP grants. Directs the Secretary to extend through June 30, 2011, the termination date of insurance coverage for domestic or foreign-flag aircraft. Grants the Secretary discretionary authority to further extend such coverage through September 30, 2011. Extends through September 30, 2011, the authority of the Secretary to limit air carrier liability for claims arising out of acts of terrorism. Extends through June 30, 2011: (1) grant eligibility for airports located in the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, and Palau; (2) grants to state and local governments for land use compatibility projects under the AIP; and (3) authority for approving an application of the Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority for an airport development grant or for permission to impose a passenger facility fee. Amends the Vision 100 - Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act to extend through June 30, 2011: (1) the temporary increase to 95% of the federal government's share of certain AIP project costs, and (2) funding for airport development at Midway Island Airport.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
5/31/2011
112-17 S. 1082 "Small Business Additional Temporary Extension Act of 2011"
To provide for an additional temporary extension of programs under the Small Business Act and the Small Business Investment Act of 1958, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Extends through July 31, 2011, under the same terms and conditions, the authorization for any program, authority, or provision, including any pilot program, that is currently authorized through May 31, 2011, under the Small Business Act or the Small Business Investment Act of 1958. Amends the Small Business Act (the Act) to reauthorize through FY2011 the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs of the Small Business Administration (SBA), as well as the SBA's commercialization pilot program. Requires all SBIR or STTR funds to be awarded pursuant to competitive and merit-based selection procedures.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
6/1/2011
112-18 H.R. 754 "Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011"
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2011 for intelligence and intelligence-related activities of the United States Government, the Community Management Account, and the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability System, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Authorizes appropriations for FY2011 for the conduct of intelligence and intelligence-related activities of the: (1) Office of the Director of National Intelligence; (2) Central Intelligence Agency (CIA); (3) Department of Defense (DOD); (4) Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA); (5) National Security Agency (NSA); (6) Departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force; (7) Coast Guard; (8) Departments of State, the Treasury, Energy, and Justice; (9) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI); (10) Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA); (11) National Reconnaissance Office; (12) National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency; and (13) Department of Homeland Security.
CBO Estimate, dated 4/1/2011.
House Report 112-72.
Legislation summary.
6/8/2011
112-19 S.J. Res. 7 Providing for the reappointment of Shirley Ann Jackson as a citizen regent of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
6/24/2011
112-20 S.J. Res. 9 Providing for the reappointment of Robert P. Kogod as a citizen regent of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
6/24/2011
Public Law Bill Description Date Signed
112-21 H.R. 2279 "Airport and Airway Extension Act of 2011, Part III"
To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to extend the funding and expenditure authority of the Airport and Airway Trust Fund, to amend title 49, United States Code, to extend the airport improvement program, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the Internal Revenue Code to extend through July 22, 2011, increased excise taxes on aviation fuels, the excise tax on air transportation of persons and property, and the expenditure authority for the Airport and Airway Trust Fund. Increases the authorization of appropriations for the period beginning on October 1, 2010, and ending on July 22, 2011, for airport planning and development and noise compatibility planning projects (known as airport improvement projects [AIPs]). Extends through July 22, 2011, the authority of the Secretary of Transportation to make new AIP grants. Extends until July 23, 2011: (1) the pilot program for passenger facility fee authorizations at non-hub airports, and (2) disclosure requirements for large and medium hub airports applying for AIP grants. Directs the Secretary to extend through July 22, 2011, the termination date of insurance coverage for domestic or foreign-flag aircraft. Grants the Secretary discretionary authority to further extend such coverage through October 31, 2011. Extends through October 31, 2011, the authority of the Secretary to limit air carrier liability for claims arising out of acts of terrorism. Extends through July 22, 2011: (1) grant eligibility for airports located in the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, and Palau; (2) grants to state and local governments for land use compatibility AIPs; and (3) authority for approving an application of the Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority for an airport development grant or for permission to impose a passenger facility fee. Amends the Vision 100 - Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act to extend through Junly 22, 2011: (1) the temporary increase to 95% of the federal government's share of certain AIP costs, and (2) funding for airport development at Midway Island Airport.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
6/29/2011
112-22 S. 349 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 4865 Tallmadge Road in Rootstown, Ohio, as the "Marine Sgt. Jeremy E. Murray Post Office".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
6/29/2011
112-23 S. 655 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 95 Dogwood Street in Cary, Mississippi, as the "Spencer Byrd Powers, Jr. Post Office".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
6/29/2011
112-24 S. 1103 A bill to extend the term of the incumbent Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
CRS summary.
At the request of President Obama, allows a one-time exception to the ten year term limit (Section 1101 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (28 U.S.C. 532)) of the director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), allowing the current incumbent (Robert Mueller) to serve a twelve year term.
CBO Estimate, dated 6/17/11. CBO estimates that implementing this bill would have no significant cost to the federal government.
Senate Report No. 112–23
Legislation summary.
7/26/2011
112-25 S. 365 "Budget Control Act of 2011"
An act to provide for budget control.
To make a technical amendment to the Education Sciences Reform Act of 2002.
CRS summary.
Title I: Ten-Year Discretionary Caps with Sequester: Amends the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act) to revise sequestration requirements for enforcement of discretionary spending limits (spending caps). Establishes discretionary spending limits for security and nonsecurity categories for FY2012-FY2021.
Title II: Vote on the Balanced Budget Amendment: Requires the House and the Senate, after September 30, 2011, and by December 31, 2011, to vote on passage of a joint resolution proposing a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution.
Title III: Debt Ceiling Disapproval Process: Authorizes the President, by December 31, 2011, to certify to Congress that the public debt is within $100 billion of the $14.294 trillion public debt limit and that further borrowing is required to meet existing commitments. Authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to borrow an additional $900 billion, subject to the enactment of a joint resolution of disapproval. Increases the public debt limit by $400 billion after such certification. Increases such limit by an additional $500 billion if the time for disapproval has lapsed without enactment by Congress of such a joint resolution. Prescribes similar procedures for the Secretary to borrow an additional $1.2 trillion, or $1.5 trillion if the Archivist of the United States has submitted to the states for their ratification a balanced budget amendment resolution, or if a joint committee bill to achieve an amount greater than $1.2 trillion in deficit reduction is enacted, the amount of such deficit reduction, but not greater than $1.5 trillion, unless such resolution has been submitted to the states for ratification. Increases the public debt limit by such additional amounts if the time for disapproval has lapsed without Congress enacting the joint resolution.
Title IV: Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction: Establishes the Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction, whose goal shall be to reduce the deficit by at least $1.5 trillion or more over FY2012-FY2021. Requires the committee to provide recommendations and legislative language that will significantly improve the short-term and long-term fiscal imbalance of the federal government. Prescribes legislative procedures for consideration in both chambers of the Joint Committee's recommendations. Makes such legislative procedures inapplicable to the Joint Committee's bill if: (1) the Committee fails to vote on the report or proposed legislative language by November 23, 2011; or (2) the bill does not pass both chambers by December 23, 2011.
Title V: Pell Grant and Student Loan Program Changes: Amends the Higher Education Act of 1965 to increase appropriations for federal Pell Grants for FY2012-FY2013.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
8/2/2011
112-26 H.R. 1383 "Restoring GI Bill Fairness Act of 2011"
To temporarily preserve higher rates for tuition and fees for programs of education at non-public institutions of higher learning pursued by individuals enrolled in the Post-9/11 Educational Assistance Program of the Department of Veterans Affairs before the enactment of the Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance Improvements Act of 2010, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Makes the amount payable for programs of education at nonpublic institutions of higher education pursued by individuals enrolled in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) post-9/11 educational assistance program (post-9/11 program) during the period beginning on August 1, 2011, and ending on July 31, 2014, the greater of $17,500, or the established charges payable under a VA maximum payments table published on October 27, 2010 (thereby preserving for such period the higher payment rates in effect prior to enactment of the Veterans Educational Assistance Improvements Act of 2010). Provides, during the 24-month period beginning on August 1, 2011, a limitation on the maximum monthly stipend payable under the post-9/11 program.
CBO Estimate, dated 5/18/11. H.R. 1383 would modify the amount of education benefits payable to certain veterans and qualifying dependents for three years, beginning on August 1, 2011. If enacted, CBO estimates that, on net, the bill would decrease direct spending by $5 million over the 2012-2016 and 2012-2021 periods.
House Report 112-81.
Legislation summary.
8/3/2011
112-27 H.R. 2553 "Airport and Airway Extension Act of 2011, Part IV"
To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to extend the funding and expenditure authority of the Airport and Airway Trust Fund, to amend title 49, United States Code, to extend the airport improvement program, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the Internal Revenue Code to extend through September 16, 2011, increased excise taxes on aviation fuels, the excise tax on air transportation of persons and property, and the expenditure authority for the Airport and Airway Trust Fund.
Increases the authorization of appropriations for the period beginning on October 1, 2010, and ending on September 16, 2011, for airport planning and development and noise compatibility planning projects (known as airport improvement projects [AIPs]). Extends through September 16, 2011, the authority of the Secretary of Transportation to make new AIP grants.
Extends until September 17, 2011: (1) the pilot program for passenger facility fee authorizations at non-hub airports, and (2) disclosure requirements for large and medium hub airports applying for AIP grants.
Directs the Secretary to extend through September 16, 2011, the termination date of insurance coverage for domestic or foreign-flag aircraft. Grants the Secretary discretionary authority to further extend such coverage through December 31, 2011. Extends through December 31, 2011, the authority of the Secretary to limit air carrier liability for claims arising out of acts of terrorism.
Extends through September 16, 2011: (1) grant eligibility for airports located in the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, and Palau; (2) grants to state and local governments for land use compatibility AIPs; and (3) authority for approving an application of the Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority for an airport development grant or for permission to impose a passenger facility fee.
Amends the Vision 100 - Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act to extend through September 16, 2011: (1) the temporary increase to 95% of the federal government's share of certain AIP costs, and (2) funding for airport development at Midway Island Airport.
Revises essential air service (EAS) program eligibility requirements to limit such service to airports (except those in Alaska) that: (1) are located at least 90 miles from the nearest medium or large hub airport, and (2) had an average subisdy per passenger of less than $1,000. Authorizes the Secretary of Transportation to waive such requirements for a particular location if its geographic characteristics result in undue difficulty in accessing the nearest medium or large hub airport.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
8/5/2011
112-28 H.R. 2715 To provide the Consumer Product Safety Commission with greater authority and discretion in enforcing the consumer product safety laws, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 to apply the limit on lead content in children's products only to product's manufactured after the effective date of the limit. Amends the Consumer Product Safety Act to authorize CPSC to revise third party testing regulations to reduce testing costs consistent with assuring compliance with children's product safety rules. Applies limits on phthalates in children's toys or child care articles to plasticized component parts of such toys or articles. Gives CPSC the authority to: (1) issue subpoenas for the production of physical evidence, and (2) delegate to CPSC's general counsel the authority to issue subpoenas to federal, state, or local government agencies. Requires CPSC to issue a final rule on safety standards pertaining to all-terrain vehicles within one year of enactment of this Act.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
8/12/2011
112-29 H.R. 1249 "Leahy-Smith America Invents Act"
To amend title 35, United States Code, to provide for patent reform.
CRS summary.
Amends federal patent law to define the "effective filing date" of a claimed invention as the actual filing date of the patent or the application for patent containing a claim to the invention (thus replacing the current first-to-invent system), except as specified. Establishes a one-year grace period (a prior art exception) for inventors to file an application after certain disclosures of the claimed invention by the inventor or another who obtained the subject matter from the inventor. Revises provisions concerning novelty and nonobvious subject matter.
CBO Estimate, dated 5/26/2011. H.R. 1249 would amend the law that governs how the Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) awards patents. Among other things, the bill would alter the rule that prioritizes the award of a patent from the “first to invent” to the “first inventor to file.” As a result, PTO would change certain procedures it follows in awarding patents. The bill also would establish new review procedures that would allow individuals to challenge the validity of a patent and would modify PTO’s authority to collect and spend fees. CBO estimates that enacting the bill would reduce net direct spending by $725 million and revenues by $8 million over the 2011-2021 period. Most of the change in direct spending would result from providing PTO with permanent authority to collect and spend certain fees. In total, the changes would decrease budget deficits by $717 million over the 2011-2021 period. CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 1249 would have a discretionary cost of $446 million over the 2011-2016 period.
House Report 112-98, Part I.
* US Patent and Trademark Office Summary of the Law's provisions.
* US Patent and Trademark Office Website for America Invents Act implementation.
Legislation summary.
9/16/2011
112-30 H.R. 2887 "Surface and Air Transportation Programs Extension Act of 2011"
To provide an extension of surface and air transportation programs, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Includes:
* Surface Transportation Extension Act of 2011, Part II: Continues through March 31, 2012, and authorizes appropriations through that date for, specified federal-aid highway programs under the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU), the SAFETEA-LU Technical Corrections Act of 2008, the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA), and the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century. Includes among extended funds those for: (1) the surface transportation research, development, and deployment program; (2) training and education; (3) the Bureau of Transportation Statistics; (4) university transportation research; and (5) intelligent transportation systems (ITS) research.
* Airport and Airway Extension Act of 2011, Part V - Extends through January 31, 2012, increased excise taxes on aviation fuels, the excise tax on air transportation of persons and property, and the expenditure authority for the Airport and Airway Trust Fund. Extends through January 31, 2012: (1) the authorization of appropriations for airport planning and development and noise compatibility planning projects (known as airport improvement projects [AIPs]), and (2) the authority of the Secretary of Transportation to make new AIP grants. Extends until February 1, 2012: (1) the pilot program for passenger facility fee authorizations at non-hub airports, and (2) disclosure requirements for large and medium hub airports applying for AIP grants. Authorizes appropriations to the Secretary through January 31, 2012, to make agreements to provide small community air service assistance to underserved airports. Authorizes appropriations to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for FY2011 and for the period from October 1, 2011, through January 31, 2012, for: (1) FAA operations, (2) air navigation facilities and equipment, and (3) civil aviation research, engineering, and development. Authorizes appropriations out of the Airport and Airway Trust Fund for FY2011 and for the period from October 1, 2011, through January 31, 2012, for the essential air service program.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
9/16/2011
112-31 S. 846 A bill to designate the United States courthouse located at 80 Lafayette Street in Jefferson City, Missouri, as the Christopher S. Bond United States Courthouse.
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
9/23/2011
112-32 H.R. 2005 "Combating Autism Reauthorization Act of 2011"
To reauthorize the Combating Autism Act of 2006.
CRS summary.
Amends the Public Health Service Act to extend and reauthorize through FY 2014: (1) the surveillance and research program for autism spectrum disorder and other developmental disabilities; (2) the education, early detection, and intervention program for autism spectrum disorder and other developmental disabilities; and (3) the Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee.
CBO Estimate, dated 9/19/11. H.R. 2005 would amend the Public Health Service Act to reauthorize research, surveillance, and education activities related to autism spectrum disorders (autism) conducted by various agencies within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). Those activities are conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), and the National Institutes for Health (NIH). The bill would authorize appropriations for autism activities at HHS of $231 million in 2012 and $693 million over the 2012-2014 period. CBO estimates that implementing the bill would cost $75 million in 2012 and $675 million over the 2012-2016 period, assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts. This legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues.
Legislation summary.
9/30/2011
112-33 H.R. 2017 "Continuing Appropriations Act, 2012"
An Act making continuing appropriations for fiscal year 2012, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Provides for continuing appropriations to fund the US Government from October 1, 2011, through October 4, 2011.
Provides disaster relief funding at a yearly rate of $2.650 Billion ($29 Million for 4 days).
Limits commitments to guarantee loans incurred under the General and Special Risk Insurance Funds of the National Housing Act to $80 Million per day.
Also approves the renewal of import restrictions contained in the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act of 2003. (see also H.J.Res. 66)
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
9/30/2011
112-34 H.R. 2883 "Child and Family Services Improvement and Innovation Act"
To amend part B of title IV of the Social Security Act to extend the child and family services program through fiscal year 2016, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends title IV part B (Child and Family Services) of the Social Security Act (SSA) to extend through FY2016 the authorization of appropriations for the Stephanie Tubbs Jones Child Welfare Services Program. Revises requirements for child visitations by caseworkers. Extends through FY2016: (1) the Safe and Stable Families Program, and (2) specified reservations of funds for monthly caseworker visits and regional partnership grants. Revises requirements for grants to assist children affected by methamphetamine or other substance abuse to: (1) remove the specification of methamphetamine, and (2) apply the grant program generally to children affected by substance abuse. Authorizes the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to renew a five-year grant for up to an additional two years. Revises requirements for the court improvement program to require grants to the highest state courts to serve the purpose of increasing and improving engagement of the entire family in court processes relating to child welfare, family preservation, family reunification, and adoption. Requires such a court to submit one application, rather than separate applications, for more than one grant. Specifies mandatory allocations of funds for such grants. Directs the Secretary, in order to improve data matching, to designate nonproprietary and interoperable standard data elements for any category of information required to be reported. Requires state case review systems to assure that each child in foster care under state responsibility who has attained age 16 receives gratis: (1) a copy of any consumer report pertaining to the child each year until the child is discharged from care, and (2) assistance in interpreting and resolving any inaccuracies in the report. Renews through FY2014 the authority of the Secretary to authorize states to conduct child welfare program demonstration projects likely to promote the objectives of part B or SSA title IV part E (Foster Care and Adoption Assistance). Repeals the requirement for state project applications to consider certain types of proposals. Replaces such requirement with specified conditions for state eligibility to conduct a new demonstration project. Authorizes a state to elect to establish a program to: (1) permit part E foster care maintenance payments to a long-term therapeutic family treatment center on behalf of a child residing in the center, or (2) identify and address domestic violence that endangers children and results in the placement of children in foster care. Defines a long-term therapeutic family treatment center as a state-licensed or -certified program that: (1) enables parents and their children to live together in a safe environment for at least six months; and (2) provides substance abuse treatment services, children's early intervention services, family counseling, medical care,and related services. Sets forth child welfare improvement policies.
CBO Estimate, dated 9/19/11. H.R. 2883 would make numerous modifications to various federal child welfare programs. The bill would modify two programs (the Stephanie Tubbs Jones Child Welfare Services Program and the Safe and Stable Families program) and reauthorize the programs for five years. The bill also would authorize the appropriation of $345 million a year in mandatory funds from 2012 through 2016 for the Safe and Stable Families program, but that funding is already assumed in CBO’s baseline. Finally, H.R. 2883 would reauthorize the child welfare waivers in section 1130 of the Social Security Act from 2012 through 2014. CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 2883 would have a discretionary cost of about $2.1 billion over the 2012-2016 period, assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts. CBO estimates the legislation would have an insignificant effect on direct spending. Enacting the bill would not affect revenues.
House Report 112–210, Pt. 1.
Legislation summary.
9/30/2011
112-35 H.R. 2943 "Short-Term TANF Extension Act"
To extend the program of block grants to States for temporary assistance for needy families and related programs through December 31, 2011.
CRS summary.
Continues through December 31, 2011, and make appropriations through the first quarter of FY2012 for, grants to states, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, and American Samoa for programs under part A (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families [TANF]) of title IV of the Social Security Act. Excludes from this extension: (1) supplemental grants for population increases in certain states, or (2) activities related to the Contingency Fund for State Welfare Programs. Amends part A (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families [TANF]) of title IV of the Social Security Act to continue through FY2013 the authority for administrative penalties for a state's failure during the immediately preceding fiscal year to maintain qualified TANF expenditures at the applicable percentage of historic state expenditures (maintenance of effort).
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
9/30/2011
112-36 H.R. 2608 "Continuing Appropriations Act, 2012"
"Small Business Program Extension and Reform Act of 2011"
To provide for an additional temporary extension of programs under the Small Business Act and the Small Business Investment Act of 1958, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Provides for continuing appropriations to fund the US Government from October 1, 2011, through November 18, 2011.
Provides disaster relief funding at a yearly rate of $2.650 Billion ($356 Million for 49 days).
Limits commitments to guarantee loans incurred under the General and Special Risk Insurance Funds of the National Housing Act to $80 Million per day.
Also approves the renewal of import restrictions contained in the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act of 2003. (see also H.J.Res. 66)
No CBO Estimate.
House Report 112–215.
Legislation summary.
10/5/2011
112-37 H.R. 2646 "Veterans Health Care Facilities Capital Improvement Act of 2011"
To authorize certain Department of Veterans Affairs major medical facility projects and leases, to extend certain expiring provisions of law, and to modify certain authorities of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Authorizes, within specified amounts, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to carry out certain FY2012 major medical facility: (1) construction projects at Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers in Seattle, Washington and West Lost Angeles, California; and (2) leases at various outpatient and community-based outpatient clinics. Modifies authorizations for certain previously authorized construction projects in Fayetteville, Arkansas, the Orlando, Florida area, Palo Alto, California, San Juan, Puerto Rico, and St. Louis, Missouri. Directs the Secretary to include in the prospectus required to be submitted to Congress with a request for funding of a major medical facility project or lease: (1) a detailed estimate of the total costs of the medical facility including the number of personnel and itemized costs for construction, activation, special purpose alteration, ancillary services, and equipment; and (2) data concerning demographics, workload, utilization, and operating costs over a 5-, 10-, and 20-year period. Requires further, in the case of a proposed new or replacement facility, a detailed: (1) report of the consideration given to acquiring an existing facility by lease or purchase and to the sharing of health-care resources with the Department of Defense (DOD); and (2) total cost estimate and a cost-benefit comparison for each considered alternative to construction of the facility and an explanation of why the preferred alternative is the most effective means to achieve the stated project goals. Designates the VA telehealth clinic in Craig, Colorado, as the "Major William Edward Adams Department of Veterans Affairs Clinic." Extends to December 31, 2018, specified authority for: (1) treatment, rehabilitation, and additional services for seriously mentally ill and homeless veterans; (2) housing assistance for homeless veterans; (3) the Advisory Committee on Homeless Veterans; and (4) transfers of real property under the Secretary's jurisdiction or control. Extends to September 30, 2020, the recovery audit program for certain fee basis and other medical services contracts concerning non-VA care and services for veterans and beneficiaries.
CBO Estimate, dated 9/15/11. H.R. 2646 would authorize the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to build and lease several medical facilities and extend programs for homeless veterans. In total, CBO estimates that implementing the bill would cost $1.2 billion over the 2012-2016 period, assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts. CBO estimates that enacting the bill would have no effect on direct spending or revenues.
House Report 112–209
Legislation summary.
10/5/2011
112-38 H.R. 771 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 1081 Elbel Road in Schertz, Texas, as the "Schertz Veterans Post Office".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
10/12/2011
112-39 H.R. 1632 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 5014 Gary Avenue in Lubbock, Texas, as the "Sergeant Chris Davis Post Office".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
10/12/2011
112-40 H.R. 2832 To extend the Generalized System of Preferences, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the Trade Act of 1974 to extend duty-free treatment under the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) through July 31, 2013. Requires the liquidation or reliquidation (refund of duties) on duty-free articles that entered into the United States after December 31, 2010, and before the 15th day after enactment of this Act. Amends the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 (COBRA) to increase from 0.21% ad valorem to 0.3464% ad valorem, for the period between October 1, 2011, and July 1, 2014, the customs user fee for the processing of merchandise entered or released into the United States.
CBO Estimate, dated 10/6/11. H.R. 2832 would temporarily and retroactively extend the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) and provisions related to Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) and the Health Coverage Tax Credit (HCTC). In addition, the act would require states to make certain changes to laws that govern their unemployment programs to improve recovery and prevent overpayments of benefits. H.R. 2832 also would modify provisions that govern Medicare Quality Improvement Organizations (QIOs) and would change merchandise processing fee rates. Enacting H.R. 2832 would reduce revenues and direct spending by nearly identical amounts over the 2012-2021 period. On balance, CBO estimates that enacting the legislation would reduce deficits over the 2012-2021 period by $6 million. In addition, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 2832 would have a discretionary cost of $171 million over the 2012-2021 period, subject to appropriation of the amounts authorized for TAA for Firms and TAA for Farmers. S. 2832 would impose mandates on importers of most goods and on private entities that provide health insurance for separated workers. CBO estimates that the aggregate cost of private-sector mandates would exceed the threshold established in UMRA ($142 million in 2011, adjusted annually for inflation).
Legislation summary.
10/21/2011
Public Law Bill Description Date Signed
112-41 H.R. 3080 "United States-Korea Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act"
To implement the United States-Korea Free Trade Agreement.
CRS summary.
Approves the United States-Korea Free Trade Agreement entered into on June 30, 2007, with the government of Korea. Prescribes implementing actions. Authorizes the President to establish or designate within the Department of Commerce an office responsible for administrative assistance to dispute settlement panels. Authorizes the President to proclaim specified tariff modifications. Prescribes formulae for the regional value-content of certain automotive goods under the Agreement. Authorizes the President to proclaim the addition to the list in Appendix 4-B-1 of the Agreement of fibers, yarns, and fabrics which are not available in commercial quantities in the United States. Amends the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 (COBRA) to prohibit the charging of customs user fees with respect to originating goods under this Act. Amends the Tariff Act of 1930 with respect to: (1) penalty-free prompt correction by an importer of an incorrect claim that a good qualifies as an originating good; (2) prohibition of false certifications of origin; and (3) denial of tariff treatment under the Agreement. Authorizes the President to direct the Secretary of the Treasury to take certain appropriate actions while the government of Korea conducts a verification of exporter or producer compliance with customs laws and regulations regarding trade in textiles or apparel goods. Prescribes procedures for: (1) petitions to the U.S. International Trade Commission for relief from imports benefiting from the Agreement; and (2) the provision of such relief. Prescribes certain safeguards with respect to imported Korean motor vehicles under the Agreement. Amends the Trade Agreements Act of 1979 to make a product or service of a party to the Agreement eligible for U.S. government procurement. Amends the Internal Revenue Code to increase to $500 the penalty on tax return preparers for failure to be diligent in determining eligibility for the earned income tax credit. Requires the heads of the Federal Bureau of Prisons and state prisons to provide detailed information to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) on certain inmates. Amends COBRA to increase from 0.21% ad valorem to 0.3464% ad valorem, for the period between December 1, 2015, and June 30, 2021, the customs user fee for the processing of merchandise entered or released into the United States. Extends certain customs users fees for the processing of merchandise entered into the United States through August 2, 2021, and other specified customs users fees through December 8, 2020. Increases by 0.25% the required estimated tax payments otherwise due in the third quarter of 2012, and by 2.75% of such payments otherwise due in the third quarter of 2016 from corporations with assets of not less than $1 billion.
CBO Estimate, dated 10/5/11. H.R. 3080 would approve the free trade agreement between the government of the United States and the government of the Republic of Korea (Korea) that was signed on June 30, 2007, and modified by a later agreement on December 3, 2010. It would provide for tariff reductions and other changes in law related to implementation of the agreement. The bill would extend user fees collected by Customs and Border Protection (CBP) that expire under current law and would increase those fees. In addition, it would establish a reporting requirement for federal and state prisons for tax administration purposes and increase the penalties on tax preparers who did not comply with due-diligence requirements for the earned income tax credit. It also would shift some corporate income tax payments between fiscal years. The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) and the staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) estimate that enacting H.R. 3080 would reduce revenues by $31 million in 2012 and by about $7.0 billion over the 2012-2021 period. CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 3080 would increase direct spending by $53 million in 2012 but would decrease direct spending by about $7.0 billion over the 2012-2021 period. The net impact of those effects is an estimated reduction in deficits of $16 million over the 2012-2021 period. CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would cost $7 million over the 2012-2016 period.
House Document 112–60, Presidential transmittal of legislation and supporting documents to implement the United States-Korea Free Trade Agreement.
House Report 112-239
Legislation summary.
10/21/2011
112-42 H.R. 3078 "United States-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement Implementation Act"
To implement the United States-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement.
CRS summary.
Approves the United States-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement (the Agreement) entered into on November 22, 2006, with the government of Colombia, as amended by both governments on June 28, 2007. Prescribes implementing actions. Authorizes the President to establish or designate within the Department of Commerce an office responsible for administrative assistance to dispute settlement panels. Authorizes the President to proclaim specified tariff modifications. Requires the Secretary of the Treasury to assess specified additional duties on safeguard agricultural goods. Prescribes formulae for the regional value-content of certain automotive goods under the Agreement. Authorizes the President to proclaim the addition to the list in Annex 3-B of the Agreement of fabrics and yarns which are not available in commercial quantities in the United States. Amends the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 to prohibit the charging of customs user fees with respect to originating goods under this Act. Amends the Tariff Act of 1930 with respect to: (1) penalty-free prompt correction by an importer of an incorrect claim that a good qualifies as an originating good, (2) prohibition of false certifications of origin, and (3) denial of tariff treatment under the Agreement. Authorizes the President to direct the Secretary of the Treasury to take certain appropriate actions while the government of Colombia conducts a verification of exporter or producer compliance with customs laws and regulations regarding trade in textiles or apparel goods. Prescribes procedures for: (1) petitions to the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) for relief from imports benefiting from the Agreement, and (2) the provision of such relief. Amends the Trade Agreements Act of 1979 to make a product or service of a party to the Agreement eligible for U.S. government procurement. Amends the Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA) to extend duty-free treatment or other preferential treatment of the products of Colombia and Ecuador through July 31, 2013. Extends through FY2013 preferential treatment for apparel articles assembled in one or more beneficiary countries from regional fabrics or regional components, and specified other type apparel (brassieres). Extends the President's authority to take bilateral emergency action to grant duty-free treatment of certain apparel articles imported from an ATPDEA beneficiary country. Requires the liquidation or reliquidation (refund of duties) on such articles that entered into the United States after February 12, 2011, and before the 15th day after enactment of this Act. Amends the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 to eliminate certain exemptions for Canada and Mexico from the payment of customs user fees for arriving passengers whose journey originated in, or originated in the United States and was limited to, Canada, Mexico, or any adjacent island. (Retains the current customs user fee exemptions for arriving passengers whose journey originated in, or originated in the United States and was limited to, a U.S. territory and possession.) Extends certain customs users fees for the processing of merchandise entered into the United States from August 3, 2021, through FY2021, and other specified customs users fees from December 9, 2020, through August 31, 2021. Increases by 0.50% the required estimated tax payments otherwise due in the third quarter of 2016 from corporations with assets of not less than $1 billion.
CBO Estimate, dated 10/5/11. H.R. 3078 would approve the trade promotion agreement between the government of the United States and the government of Colombia that was signed on November 22, 2006. It would provide for tariff reductions and other changes in law related to implementation of the agreement. It also would retroactively extend the Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA) from February 12, 2011, through July 31, 2013, while removing Colombia from eligibility for trade preferences under that program. The bill would extend user fees collected by Customs and Border Protection (CBP) that expire under current law, and remove an exemption from those fees for travelers to the United States from Mexico, Canada, and certain Caribbean countries. It also would shift some corporate income tax payments between fiscal years. The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) and the staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) estimate that enacting H.R. 3078 would reduce revenues by $139 million in 2012 and by about $1.5 billion over the 2012-2021 period. CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 3078 would decrease direct spending by $68 million in 2012 and by about $1.5 billion over the 2012-2021 period. The net impact of those effects is an estimated reduction in deficits of $22 million over the 2012-2021 period. CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would result in discretionary costs of $4 million over the 2012-2016 period.
House Document 112–58, Presidential transmittal of legislation and supporting documents to implement the United States-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement.
House Report 112-237
Legislation summary.
10/21/2011
112-43 H.R. 3079 "United States-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement Implementation Act"
To implement the United States-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement.
CRS summary.
Approves the United States-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement (the Agreement) entered into on June 28, 2007, with the government of Panama. Prescribes implementing actions. Authorizes the President to establish or designate within the Department of Commerce an office responsible for administrative assistance to dispute settlement panels. Authorizes the President to proclaim specified tariff modifications. Requires the Secretary of the Treasury to assess specified additional duties on safeguard agricultural goods. Prescribes formulae for the regional value-content of certain automotive goods under the Agreement. Authorizes the President to proclaim the addition to the list in Annex 3.25 of the Agreement of fabrics, yarns, and fibers which are not available in commercial quantities in the United States. Amends the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 to prohibit the charging of customs user fees with respect to originating goods under this Act. Amends the Tariff Act of 1930 with respect to: (1) penalty-free prompt correction by an importer of an incorrect claim that a good qualifies as an originating good, (2) prohibition of false certifications of origin, and (3) denial of tariff treatment under the Agreement. Authorizes the President to direct the Secretary of the Treasury to take certain appropriate actions while the government of Panama conducts a verification of an enterprise's compliance with customs laws and regulations regarding trade in textiles or apparel goods. Prescribes procedures for: (1) petitions to the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) for relief from imports benefiting from the Agreement; and (2) the provision of such relief. Amends the Trade Agreements Act of 1979 to make a product or service of a party to the Agreement eligible for U.S. government procurement. Amends the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act (CBERA) to remove Panama from the list eligible for designation as a beneficiary country for duty-free treatment under CBERA of eligible Panamanian products imported into the United States. Extends certain customs users fees for the processing of merchandise entered into the United States from September 1, 2021, through FY2021. Increases by 0.25% the required estimated tax payments which are otherwise due in the third quarter of 2012 and 2016 for corporations with assets of not less than $1 billion.
CBO Estimate, dated 10/5/11. H.R. 3079 would approve the trade promotion agreement between the government of the United States and the government of Panama that was signed on June 28, 2007. It would provide for tariff reductions and other changes in law related to implementation of the agreement. In addition, the bill would extend user fees collected by Customs and Border Protection (CBP) that expire under current law. The bill also would shift some corporate income tax payments between fiscal years. The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) and the staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) estimate that enacting H.R. 3079 would increase revenues by $118 million in 2012 but would reduce revenues by $6 million over the 2012-2021 period. CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 3079 would increase direct spending by $1 million in 2012 but would decrease direct spending by $8 million over the 2012-2021 period. Thus, the net impact of those effects is an estimated reduction in deficits of $2 million over the 2012-2021 period. CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would cost $4 million over the 2012-2016 period.
House Document 112–59, Presidential transmittal of legislation and supporting documents to implement the United States-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement.
House Report 112-238
Legislation summary.
10/21/2011
112-44 H.R. 2944 "United States Parole Commission Extension Act of 2011"
To provide for the continued performance of the functions of the United States Parole Commission, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Extends the United States Parole Commission for three years. Directs the Commission to report the following with regard to each type of case over which it has jurisdiction for FY2006-FY2011: (1) the number of offenders; (2) the number of hearings, record reviews, and National Appeals Board considerations conducted by the Commission; (3) the number of hearings conducted by the Commission by type of hearing; (4) the number of record reviews conducted by the Commission by type of consideration; (5) the number of warrants issued and executed compared to the number requested; (6) the number of revocation determinations by the Commission; (7) the distribution of initial offenses; (8) the distribution of subsequent offenses; (9) the percentage of offenders paroled or re-paroled compared with the percentage of offenders continued to expiration of sentence; (10) the percentage of cases in which the primary and secondary examiner disagreed on the appropriate disposition of the case, the release conditions to be imposed, or the reasons for the decision; (11) the percentage of revocation and non-revocation hearings in which the offender is accompanied by a representative; (12) the number of administrative appeals and the action of the National Appeals Board in relation to those appeals; and (13) the Commission's annual expenditures for offenders. Directs the Commission also to report on: (1) the percentage of decisions within, above, or below its decision guidelines for federal initial hearings and federal and D.C. Code revocation hearings; (2) the projected number of federal offenders that will be under its jurisdiction as of October 31, 2014; (3) an estimate of the date on which no federal offenders will remain under its jurisdiction; and (4) its annual expenditures, including travel expenses and the annual salaries of its members and staff for FY2006-FY2011.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
10/21/2011
112-45 H.R. 489 To clarify the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Interior with respect to the C.C. Cragin Dam and Reservoir, and for other purposes.
CRS summary. Withdraws approximately 512 acres of covered land in Arizona (consisting of approximately 300 feet of the crest of the Craigin Dam and associated spillway, the reservoir pool of that Dam, and a specified corridor of land) from all forms of: (1) entry, appropriation, or disposal under the public land laws; (2) location, entry, and patent under the mining laws; and (3) disposition under all laws pertaining to mineral and geothermal leasing or mineral materials. Grants the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Commissioner of Reclamation, exclusive jurisdiction to manage the Craigin Project in accordance with the Arizona Water Settlements Act. Defines the "Craigin Project" to include the Craigin Dam, its reservoir pool, and Salt River Project Agricultural Improvement and Power District or Bureau of Reclamation structures and facilities used for the Project. Requires that Secretary and the District to ensure the compliance of each activity carried out at the Project with applicable federal environmental law. Grants the Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the Chief of the Forest Service, administrative jurisdiction over land management activities on the covered land and other appropriate management activities that do not conflict with, or adversely affect, the operation, maintenance, or replacement (including repair) of the Project.
CBO Estimate, dated 6/24/2011. H.R. 489 would clarify that the Secretary of the Interior has exclusive jurisdiction to manage the C.C. Cragin Dam and Reservoir, an area consisting of approximately 512 acres of land within the Coconino and Tonto National Forests in northern Arizona. Based on information from the Bureau of Reclamation and the Forest Service, CBO estimates that the legislation would have no significant impact on the federal budget. The Arizona Water Settlements Act of 2004 transferred administrative authority for the C.C. Cragin Dam, Reservoir, and 10 miles of existing pipeline to the Bureau of Reclamation. The legislation did not explicitly divest the Forest Service from managing the underlying National Forest lands, resulting in uncertainty over which agency has the authority to approve management activities for the Cragin Project. The Cragin Project involves operating and maintaining 10 miles of pipeline and constructing 14.5 miles of additional pipeline to deliver water to Northern Gila County. Currently, the project is subject to the approval requirements of both agencies. The legislation would clarify the authority of the Bureau of Reclamation to be the sole manager of the project.
Legislation summary.
11/7/2011
112-46 H.R. 765 "Ski Area Recreational Opportunity Enhancement Act of 2011"
To amend the National Forest Ski Area Permit Act of 1986 to clarify the authority of the Secretary of Agriculture regarding additional recreational uses of National Forest System land that is subject to ski area permits, and for other purposes.
CRS summary. Amends the National Forest Ski Area Permit Act of 1986 to require the term and acreage of permits for the operation of ski areas and associated facilities (under current law, for the operation of nordic and alpine ski areas and facilities) on National Forest System lands to be governed by provisions under the Act relating to such permits and other applicable law. Provides for the issuance of permits for the use and occupancy of suitable lands within the National Forest System for skiing and other snow-sports and recreational uses authorized pursuant to this Act.
CBO Estimate, dated 6/27/2011. H.R. 765 would expand the authority of the Forest Service to allow ski concessioners to offer additional recreational services on public lands. Based on information provided by the agency, CBO estimates that enacting the legislation would have no significant impact on the federal budget. The Forest Service already has authority to allow its concessioners to provide certain off-season and other recreational services at ski resorts. Expanding that authority could increase the agency’s collection of fees from ski concessioners (currently yielding offsetting receipts to the Treasury of about $30 million a year) but CBO estimates that any increase would total less than $500,000 a year.
Legislation summary.
11/7/2011
112-47 H.R. 1843 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 489 Army Drive in Barrigada, Guam, as the "John Pangelinan Gerber Post Office Building".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
11/7/2011
112-48 H.R. 1975 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 281 East Colorado Boulevard in Pasadena, California, as the "First Lieutenant Oliver Goodall Post Office Building".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
11/7/2011
112-49 H.R. 2062 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 45 Meetinghouse Lane in Sagamore Beach, Massachusetts, as the "Matthew A. Pucino Post Office".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
11/7/2011
112-50 H.R. 2149 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 4354 Pahoa Avenue in Honolulu, Hawaii, as the "Cecil L. Heftel Post Office Building".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
11/7/2011
112-51 H.R. 368 "Removal Clarification Act of 2011"
To amend title 28, United States Code, to clarify and improve certain provisions relating to the removal of litigation against Federal officers or agencies to Federal courts, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
CBO Estimate, dated 2/3/2011.
House Report 112-17, Part 1.
Legislation summary.
11/9/2011
112-52 H.R. 818 To direct the Secretary of the Interior to allow for prepayment of repayment contracts between the United States and the Uintah Water Conservancy District.
CRS summary.
Directs the Secretary of the Interior to allow for prepayment of a specified contract between the United States and the Uintah Water Conservancy District in Utah providing for repayment of municipal and industrial water delivery facilities under terms and conditions similar to those used in implementing provisions of the Central Utah Project Completion Act.
CBO Estimate, dated 8/1/2011. H.R. 818 would allow the Uintah Water Conservancy District in Utah to prepay the present value of certain amounts the district owes to the U.S. Treasury for its share of the cost to build the Jensen Unit of the Central Utah Project. Based on information from the Bureau of Reclamation and the Uintah Water Conservancy District, CBO estimates that enacting the legislation would have no impact on the federal budget. The Uintah Water Conservancy District is currently paying the federal government about $227,000 a year on a balance of $3.9 billion in project construction costs that have been allocated to the district for repayment. However, if the district chose to prepay its debt to the government under the bill, it also would have to pay for additional construction costs—totaling $7.4 million—that have not yet been assigned to the district for repayment. Information from the district indicates that it would be unable to prepay that additional amount. Therefore, if the bill were enacted, CBO expects that the district would continue to make the annual payments it does under current law and the legislation would have no impact on the federal budget.
Legislation summary.
11/9/2011
112-53 S. 894 "Veterans' Compensation Cost-of-Living Adjustment Act of 2011"
A bill to amend title 38, United States Code, to provide for an increase, effective December 1, 2011, in the rates of compensation for veterans with service-connected disabilities and the rates of dependency and indemnity compensation for the survivors of certain disabled veterans, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Directs the Secretary of Veterans Affairs (VA) to increase, as of December 1, 2011, the rates of veterans' disability compensation, additional compensation for dependents, the clothing allowance for certain disabled veterans, and dependency and indemnity compensation for surviving spouses and children. Requires each such increase to be the same percentage as the increase in benefits provided under title II (Old Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance) of the Social Security Act, on the same effective date.
CBO Estimate, dated 7/5/11. S. 894 would increase the amounts paid to veterans for disability compensation and to their survivors for dependency and indemnity compensation by the same cost-of-living adjustment (COLA) payable to Social Security recipients. The increase would take effect on December 1, 2011, and the resulting adjustment would be rounded to the next lower dollar. The COLA that would be authorized by this bill is assumed in CBO’s baseline, consistent with section 257 of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act, and savings from rounding it down were achieved by the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (Public Law 105-33) as extended by the Veterans Benefits Act of 2003 (Public Law 108-183). Because the COLA is assumed in CBO’s baseline, the COLA provision would have no budgetary effect relative to the baseline. Relative to current law, CBO estimates that enacting this bill would increase spending for those programs by $475 million in fiscal year 2012. (The annualized cost would be about $630 million in subsequent years.) This estimate assumes that the COLA effective on December 1, 2011, would be 1.1 percent.
Senate Report No. 112–44
Legislation summary.
11/9/2011
112-54 S. 1487 "Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Business Travel Cards Act of 2011"
A bill to authorize the Secretary of Homeland Security, in coordination with the Secretary of State, to establish a program to issue Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Business Travel Cards, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Authorizes the Secretary of Homeland Security (DHS), in coordination with the Secretary of State, during the seven-year period ending on September 30, 2018, to issue Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Business Travel Cards to eligible persons, including business leaders and U.S. government officials actively engaged in Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) business, who are in good standing in an international trusted traveler program of DHS. Authorizes the DHS Secretary to collect a fee for the issuance of such cards that is sufficient to offset the costs associated with carrying out this Act. Establishes in the Treasury an APEC Business Travel Card Account into which such fees shall be deposited.
CBO Estimate, dated 11/3/11. CBO estimates that implementing S. 1487 would cost about $2 million in fiscal year 2012. Enacting the bill also would affect direct spending. However, CBO estimates that any such effects would be insignificant for each year. S. 1487 would not affect revenues. S. 1487 would authorize the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), through the end of fiscal year 2018, to issue a special business card to certain persons who are employed in international commerce involving the United States and countries in Asia. The card would allow those persons to expedite their travel to several countries. The bill would permit DHS to charge a fee to cover the costs of carrying out this program. Based on information from DHS, CBO estimates that, assuming the availability of appropriated funds, the agency would spend about $2 million in 2012 to establish the new program, including costs to develop and test software, and test computer systems. In 2012 and subsequent years, the department expects to collect a fee of about $100 from a few thousand participants per year. Thus, we estimate that DHS would collect and spend less than $500,000 annually in most years to operate the program, so there would be no significant net effect on direct spending in any year.
Senate Report No. 112-92
Legislation summary.
11/9/2011
112-55 H.R. 2112 "Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2012"
"Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012"
Making appropriations for Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2012, and for other purposes.
"Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2012", including appropriations totalling $254 Billion as identified below, per the Conference Report 112-284:

CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
House Report 112-101.
Senate Report No. 112–73.
Conference Report 112-284.
Legislation summary.
11/18/2011
112-56 H.R. 674 To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to repeal the imposition of 3 percent withholding on certain payments made to vendors by government entities, to modify the calculation of modified adjusted gross income for purposes of determining eligibility for certain healthcare-related programs, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the Internal Revenue Code to repeal the 3% withholding requirement on payments due to vendors providing services to federal, state, and local governmental entities.
CBO Estimate, dated 10/17/2011. H.R. 674 would repeal a requirement scheduled to take effect under current law that government entities withhold and deposit with the Internal Revenue Service 3 percent of certain payments made to vendors, as a credit against the vendor’s income tax. The staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) estimates that enacting the legislation would reduce revenues and thus increase federal deficits by $11.2 billion over the 2012-2021 period. Under current law, federal, state, and local government entities will be required to withhold 3 percent of payments to vendors made in exchange for properties or services, beginning on January 1, 2013. The requirement will apply only if a government entity spends $100 million or more on all such payments to vendors annually. Payments made on contracts in effect on December 31, 2012, will not immediately be subject to the requirements. Repealing this requirement would reduce revenues by an estimated $11.2 billion over the 2012-2021 period.
Legislation summary.
11/21/2011
112-57 S. 1280 "Kate Puzey Peace Corps Volunteer Protection Act of 2011"
A bill to amend the Peace Corps Act to require sexual assault risk-reduction and response training, and the development of sexual assault protocol and guidelines, the establishment of victims advocates, the establishment of a Sexual Assault Advisory Council, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the Peace Corps Act to require the Director of the Peace Corps: (1) as part of the training provided to all volunteers, to develop and implement comprehensive sexual assault risk-reduction and response training that conforms to best practices in the sexual assault field; and (2) once a trainee has arrived in such trainee's country of service, to provide that individual with training tailored to such country, including cultural training relating to gender relations, risk-reduction strategies, a safety plan in the event of an assault, treatment available in such country, MedEvac procedures, and information regarding the legal process for pressing charges against an attacker. Requires the Director to provide each: (1) applicant for enrollment with a historical analysis of crimes against, and risks to, volunteers in the country in which the applicant has been invited to serve; and (2) trainee, before enrolling as a volunteer, with contact information of the Peace Corps' Inspector General for purposes of reporting violations of the sexual assault protocol or any other criminal or administrative wrongdoing by individuals who do business with the Peace Corps, and with clear, written guidelines regarding whom to contact and what steps to take in the event of a sexual assault. Requires the Director to: (1) develop, implement, and distribute comprehensive sexual assault protocol guidelines that conform to best practices in the sexual assault field that are applicable to all posts at which volunteers serve, and train all in-country staff regarding the protocol and guidelines; (2) expeditiously remove a volunteer who feels at risk of imminent bodily harm and requests removal from the site in which such volunteer is serving, and assess and evaluate the safety of the site; (3) establish sexual assault response teams; (4) conduct case reviews of a statistically significant number of cases on a quarterly basis; (5) establish a global tracking and recording system to track and record incidents of assault against volunteers; (6) establish an alternative reporting system and hotline access system through which volunteers who are assault victims can report and receive support anonymously; and (7) assign a certified victims advocate in Peace Corps headquarters who shall report directly to the Director. Establishes in the Peace Corps a Sexual Assault Advisory Council. Requires the Director to: (1) establish goals, metrics, and monitoring and evaluation plans for all Peace Corps programs and Country Directors; (2) annually conduct a confidential survey of volunteers regarding the effectiveness of Peace Corps programs and staff and the safety of volunteers; (3) establish and maintain a process to protect confidentiality and safety of volunteers reporting incidents and the information reported and to ensure that such information is acted on appropriately; and (4) determine the level of access to communication, including cellular and Internet access, of each volunteer. Prohibits the Director from: (1) disclosing personally identifying information or personal information of a volunteer who is a victim of assault collected in connection with services requested, utilized, or denied through Peace Corps programs; or (2) revealing such information without the informed, purpose-limited, and reasonably time-limited consent of such volunteer about whom such information is sought.
CBO Estimate, dated 8/2/11. S. 1280 would impose several new requirements on the Peace Corps, including:
- Training volunteers on how to reduce the risk of sexual assault and what they should do in the event of an assault,
- Developing and implementing a comprehensive sexual assault policy,
- Establishing an Office of Victims Advocacy,
- Designating sexual assault liaisons for each country and training them to respond appropriately to reports of sexual assault, and
- Establishing a Sexual Assault Advisory Council.
The Peace Corps has indicated that it already complies or is in the process of complying with most of the requirements under the bill. Based on information from the agency, CBO estimates that implementing the remaining requirements would cost $1 million a year and total $5 million over the 2012-2016 period. Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending or revenues. The Peace Corps already has a Victims Advocate, but establishing an office staffed to provide timely and comprehensive services to volunteers would require additional staff. Based on information from the Peace Corp, CBO estimates that the agency would hire two additional people at an annual cost of less than $500,000. To comply with the requirement for trained sexual assault liaisons at each of the agency’s 76 posts, the Peace Corps plans to designate existing staff as liaisons. Based on information from the agency, CBO estimates that initial and refresher training for those liaisons would cost less than $500,000 each year. Finally, the bill would require the Peace Corps, the Peace Corps Inspector General, and the Government Accountability Office to provide several reports to the Congress. CBO estimates that the cost of implementing those requirements would be less than $500,000 each year over the 2012-2016 period.
Senate Report No. 112–82
Legislation summary.
11/21/2011
112-58 H.R. 398 To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to toll, during active-duty service abroad in the Armed Forces, the periods of time to file a petition and appear for an interview to remove the conditional basis for permanent resident status, and for other purposes.
CRS summary, as passed by the House.
Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to toll, during active-duty service abroad in the Armed Forces, the periods of time for an alien spouse or petitioning spouse to file a petition and appear for an interview to remove the conditional basis for permanent resident status.
CBO Estimate, dated 2/2/2011. CBO estimates that H.R. 398 would have no significant effect on the federal budget.
House Report 112–141, Pt. 1.
Legislation summary.
11/23/2011
112-59 H.R. 2447 To grant the congressional gold medal to the Montford Point Marines.
CRS summary.
Authorizes the award of a single Congressional Gold Medal to collectively honor the Montford Point Marines, U.S. Marine Corps, in recognition of their dedicated service during World War II. (Camp Montford Point, North Carolina, was the site for the training of the first African-American Marines.) Permits the Secretary of the Treasury to strike and sell duplicates in bronze of the gold medal, at a price sufficient to cover the costs of the medals.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
11/23/2011
112-60 S. 1412 A bill to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 462 Washington Street, Woburn, Massachusetts, as the "Officer John Maguire Post Office".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
11/23/2011
Public Law Bill Description Date Signed
112-61 H.R. 3321 "America's Cup Act of 2011"
To facilitate the hosting in the United States of the 34th America's Cup by authorizing certain eligible vessels to participate in activities related to the competition, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Authorizes eligible competing or supporting vessels operating only in preparation for, or in connection with, the 34th America's Cup commencing in 2011 in the United States to position competing vessels and transport individuals, equipment, and supplies for such competition in and around U.S. ports. Prohibits vessels from operating unless issued an Eligibility Certification from the Administrator of the Maritime Administration of the Department of Transportation (DOT). Subjects noncompliant vessels to certain penalties. Authorizes the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating to issue a certificate of documentation with a coastwise endorsement for the vessels: (1) M/V GEYSIR, (2) MACY-RENEE, (3) OCEAN VERITAS, (4) LUNA, and (5) IL MORO DI VENEZIA. Authorizes issuance of a certificate of documentation with a coastwise endorsement for liquefying natural gas (LNG) tanker vessels: (1) LNG GEMINI, (2) LNG LEO, and (3) LNG VIRGO. Limits authorized coastwise trade for each vessel to the carriage of natural gas, as defined in the Deepwater Port Act of 1974. Prohibits a vessel transported in Dry Dock #2 (state of Alaska registration AIDEA FDD-2), if, during such transportation, such dock remains connected by a utility or other connecting line to pierside moorage, from being considered merchandise for purposes of certain coastwise trade requirements a vessel must otherwise meet before engaging in merchandise transportation.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
11/29/2011
112-62 S. 1637 "Appeal Time Clarification Act of 2011"
A bill to clarify appeal time limits in civil actions to which United States officers or employees are parties.
CRS summary.
CBO Estimate, dated 10/31/11. S. 1637 would codify a recent amendment to the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure. Current law allows 60 days to file a notice of appeal for civil cases if the United States or a federal officer is a party; however, it is unclear whether this time period applies if current or former federal employees are sued in an individual capacity in connection to their federal employment. This legislation would clarify that it does. Based on information from the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, CBO estimates that S. 1637 would have no significant impact on the federal budget. Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending or revenues.
Legislation summary.
11/29/2011
112-63 H.R. 394 "Federal Courts Jurisdiction and Venue Clarification Act of 2011"
To amend title 28, United States Code, to clarify the jurisdiction of the Federal courts, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Title I: Jurisdictional Improvements - Amends the federal judicial code to declare that, with respect to diversity of citizenship, the U.S. district courts shall not have original jurisdiction of any civil action between citizens of a state and citizens or subjects of a foreign state who are lawfully admitted for permanent residence in the United States and are domiciled in the same state. Modifies the citizenship rules to treat corporations as citizens of any foreign state: (1) by which it has been incorporated, and (2) where it has its principal place of business. Treats insurers as citizens of any foreign state: (1) of which the insured is a citizen, (2) by which the insurer has been incorporated, and (3) where the insurer has its principal place of business. Separates the removal requirements governing civil cases and those governing criminal cases into two separate categories. Declares that, upon removal of any civil action with both removable and nonremovable claims, the district court shall sever from the action all nonremovable claims and remand them to the state court from which the action was removed. Requires only defendants against whom a removable claim has been asserted to join in or consent to removal of the action. Prescribes requirements for filing notices of removal, including assertion in the notice of the amount in controversy, when it exceeds the necessary amount, if the initial pleading seeks: (1) nonmonetary relief; or (2) a money judgment, but the state practice either does not permit demand for a specific sum or permits recovery of damages in excess of the amount demanded. Allows removal of a case based on diversity of citizenship more than one year after commencement of the action if the district court finds that the plaintiff has acted in bad faith in order to prevent a defendant from removing the action.
Title II: Venue and Transfer Improvements - Revises general requirements for the scope of venue of civil actions. Requires the proper venue of any civil action brought in a U.S. district court to be determined without regard to whether the action is local or transitory in nature. Repeals the "local action" rule that any civil action, of a local nature, involving property located in different districts in the same state, may be brought in any of such districts. Allows a district court to transfer a civil action to any district or division to which all parties have consented. Prohibits transfers from a U.S. district court to the District Court of Guam, the District Court for the Northern Mariana Islands, or the District Court of the Virgin Islands.
CBO Estimate, dated 2/3/2011. H.R. 394 would make several changes to judicial procedures, including the determination of original jurisdiction and court venue for certain types of cases. H.R. 394 would specify the court of original jurisdiction for certain cases involving resident aliens and corporations. In addition, H.R. 394 would change how the venues for federal court cases are determined, particularly when the cases involve multiple districts. Based on information from the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 394 would have no significant budgetary impact. Enacting H.R. 394 would not affect direct spending or revenues.
House Report 112-10
Legislation summary.
12/7/2011
112-64 H.R. 2192 "National Guard and Reservist Debt Relief Extension Act of 2011"
To exempt for an additional 4-year period, from the application of the means-test presumption of abuse under chapter 7, qualifying members of reserve components of the Armed Forces and members of the National Guard who, after September 11, 2001, are called to active duty or to perform a homeland defense activity for not less than 90 days.
CRS summary.
Amends the National Guard and Reservists Debt Relief Act of 2008 to exempt for an additional four-year period qualifying Armed Forces reserve component and National Guard members (who, after September 11, 2001, are called to active duty or to perform a homeland defense activity for at least 90 days, and remain eligible for an exemption during the 540-day period following such active duty or homeland defense activity service) from the application of the means-test presumption of abuse under chapter 7 (Liquidation) of the Bankruptcy Code, as amended by the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005.
CBO Estimate, dated 10/5/11. Under current law, National Guard members and active reservists are exempt from meeting certain income requirements to qualify for Chapter 7 bankruptcy protection. That exemption expires after the beginning of fiscal year 2012. H.R. 2192 would extend that exemption through 2016. CBO estimates that implementing this bill would have no significant impact on the federal budget. Enacting H.R. 2192 would affect direct spending and revenues. However, CBO estimates that any net effects would be insignificant for each year. CBO expects that enacting this legislation would lead some individuals to file for bankruptcy who would not do so under current law. Bankruptcy filing fees collected from those individuals would increase both federal revenues and offsetting receipts, because portions of such fees are classified in the budget as revenues and offsetting receipts. CBO also expects that, by extending the exemption, some reservists who would apply for Chapter 13 bankruptcy under current law would instead apply under Chapter 7. (Under current law, a debtor’s income, less certain expenses, must fall below a certain threshold relative to the outstanding debt to qualify for protection under Chapter 7 of the bankruptcy code. Those who do not qualify can file under Chapter 13.) Based on information from the Government Accountability Office and the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, CBO estimates that National Guard members and active reservists make up about one-tenth of one percent of all bankruptcy filers, and that fewer than 500 people a year who would otherwise file for Chapter 13 protection would file for Chapter 7 under this bill. Because filing fees for Chapter 7 are lower than those for Chapter 13, shifting cases from Chapter 13 to Chapter 7 would slightly reduce net federal revenues and offsetting receipts. CBO estimates that those reductions would roughly offset the increase in revenues and offsetting receipts that would result from new filers under the bill — resulting in no significant net effect on the federal budget.
House Report 112–256
Legislation summary.
12/13/2011
112-65 S. 1541 A bill to revise the Federal charter for the Blue Star Mothers of America, Inc. to reflect a change in eligibility requirements for membership.
CRS summary.
Revises the membership eligibility requirements of the federal charter for the Blue Star Mothers of America, Inc. Redefines "mother" to mean a woman who filled the role of birth mother. Adds, in addition to adoptive mother and stepmother (as in the current charter), foster-mother, grandmother, or legal guardian of a person who is serving in the Armed Forces or has served in, or has been honorably discharged from it (as in the current charter). Repeals the limitation to service in World War II or the Korean hostilities of the Armed Forces service of the eligible mother's son or daughter. Allows the eligible mother to be a U.S. citizen living outside the United States. (Currently the charter limits membership to eligible mothers living in the United States.)
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/13/2011
112-66 S. 1639 A bill to amend title 36, United States Code, to authorize the American Legion under its Federal charter to provide guidance and leadership to the individual departments and posts of the American Legion, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Authorizes the American Legion under its federal charter to provide guidance and leadership to its state and territorial organizations and local chapters. Prohibits it from controlling or otherwise influencing their specific activities and conduct.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/13/2011
112-67 H.J.Res. 94 Making further continuing appropriations for fiscal year 2012, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the Continuing Appropriations Act, 2012 (P.L. 112-36) to extend through December 17, 2011, specified continuing appropriations for FY2012.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/16/2011
112-68 H.J.Res. 95 Making further continuing appropriations for fiscal year 2012, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the Continuing Appropriations Act, 2012 (P.L. 112-36) to extend through December 23, 2011, specified continuing appropriations for FY2012.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/17/2011
112-69 S. 535 "Fort Pulaski National Monument Lease Authorization Act"
A bill to authorize the Secretary of the Interior to lease certain lands within Fort Pulaski National Monument, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to lease to the Savannah Bar Pilots Association or a successor organization up to 30,000 square feet of land and improvements in Fort Pulaski National Monument in Georgia at the location on Cockspur Island that has been used continuously by the Association since 1940.
CBO Estimate, dated 7/28/11. S. 535 would authorize the National Park Service (NPS) to lease to the Savannah Bar Pilots Association a small site at the Fort Pulaski National Monument in Georgia. Under the bill, the NPS would charge the association a rental fee based on the market value of the land and use the proceeds, without further appropriation, for site maintenance and other expenses. Based on information provided by the NPS, CBO estimates that implementing the bill would have no significant net effect on the federal budget. The nonprofit association already operates a 30,000-square-foot site, including a dock and associated facilities, under a special-use permit. Fees collected under the permit are used, without appropriation, for purposes similar to those authorized by the bill. CBO estimates that rental proceeds under the bill would be less than $25,000 a year, slightly more than the NPS currently collects in permit fees. Enacting S. 535 would affect direct spending (through the collection and spending of additional fees). CBO estimates, however, that the net effect of any annual changes on the federal budget would be insignificant.
Legislation summary.
12/19/2011
112-70 S. 683 "Box Elder Utah Land Conveyance Act"
A bill to provide for the conveyance of certain parcels of land to the town of Mantua, Utah.
CRS summary.
Directs the Secretary of Agriculture to convey to the town of Mantua, Utah, without consideration, all interest of the United States in and to parcels of National Forest System land in the Wasatch-Cache National Forest in Box Elder County, Utah, that are labeled as parcels A, B, and C on the map entitled "Box Elder Utah Land Conveyance Act" and dated July 14, 2008. Requires the town to use the land conveyed under this Act for public purposes.
CBO Estimate, dated 7/27/11. S. 683 would direct the Secretary of Agriculture to convey, without consideration, certain lands in Utah to the town of Mantua. Based on information from the Forest Service, CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would have no significant impact on the federal budget. Enacting S. 683 would not affect direct spending or revenues. Under the bill, the Secretary would be required to convey about 32 acres of land within the Wasatch-Cache National Forest to Mantua, Utah. The conveyed land could be used by the town for public purposes only and would revert to the federal government if used for other purposes. The affected lands do not currently generate offsetting receipts for the federal government and are not expected to generate such receipts over the next 10 years. Any costs associated with carrying out the conveyance would be paid by the town.
Senate Report 112-60.
Legislation summary.
12/19/2011
112-71 S.J. Res. 22 A joint resolution to grant the consent of Congress to an amendment to the compact between the States of Missouri and Illinois providing that bonds issued by the Bi-State Development Agency may mature in not to exceed 40 years.
CRS summary.
Grants the consent of Congress to the amendment of the powers conferred on the Bi-State Development Agency by legislation enacted by the states of Missouri and Illinois requiring bonds issued by such Agency to mature not more than 40 years (currently, 30 years) from date of issuance.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/19/2011
112-72 H.R. 470 "Hoover Power Allocation Act of 2011"
To further allocate and expand the availability of hydroelectric power generated at Hoover Dam, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the Hoover Power Plant Act of 1984 (HPPA) to modify, commencing October 1, 2017, certain statutory schedules governing contracts for delivery to specified localities in Arizona, California, and Nevada of hydroelectric power generated at Hoover Dam.
CBO Estimate, dated 6/20/2011. H.R. 470 would update the statutory allocation of electric power generated at the Hoover Dam among various users. The current allocation expires at the end of fiscal year 2017. The legislation would increase the amount of electricity to be marketed by the Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) and would allocate much of the dam’s currently unallocated electricity to Native American tribes and other entities. The revised allocations would remain in effect from 2017 through 2067. Based on information from WAPA, CBO estimates that implementing this bill would have a negligible effect on net direct spending and spending subject to appropriation. Enacting this bill would not affect revenues.
House Report 112–159, Pt. 1.
Legislation summary.
12/20/2011
112-73 H.R. 2061 "Civilian Service Recognition Act of 2011"
To authorize the presentation of a United States flag at the funeral of Federal civilian employees who are killed while performing official duties or because of their status as a Federal employee.
CRS summary.
Requires the head of an executive agency to furnish a U.S. flag to drape the casket of an employee who was killed while performing official duties or because of his or her status as a federal employee. Provides that such flag shall be furnished at the request of the next of kin or a close friend or associate of the employee and presented in the same manner as a flag for a deceased member of the Armed Services who dies while on active duty.
CBO Estimate, dated 7/6/11. Based on the current cost to the government of obtaining and presenting flags, and the small number of likely recipients in any given year, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 2061 would have no significant impact on the federal budget.
House Report 112-149.
Legislation summary.
12/20/2011
112-74 H.R. 2055 "Military Construction and Veterans Affairs and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012"
Making appropriations for military construction, the Department of Veterans Affairs, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2012, and for other purposes.

"Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2012"
CRS summary. (Note: As of 12/29/11, CRS Summary was of previous version of bill.)
"Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2012"
Includes:
- Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2012
- Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012
- Department of Health and Human Services Appropriations Act, 2012
- Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2012
- Department of Labor Appropriations Act, 2012
- Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2012
- Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012
- Department of the Treasury Appropriations Act, 2012
- Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012
- Disaster Assistance Recoupment Fairness Act of 2011
- District of Columbia Appropriations Act, 2012
- Energy and Water Development and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012
- Executive Office of the President Appropriations Act, 2012
- Financial Services and General Government Appropriations Act, 2012
- Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2012
- Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2012
- Military Construction and Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012
No CBO Estimate.
Conference report: House Report 112-331
Presidential Signing Statement. President Obama's "signing statement" listing his objections to specific provisions in the bill and announcing his interpretation of specific provisions of the bill.
Legislation summary.
12/23/2011
112-75 H.R. 2867 "United States Commission on International Religious Freedom Reform and Reauthorization Act of 2011"
To reauthorize the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 to prohibit: (1) an individual from serving more than two consecutive terms as a member of the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom, (2) each member serving on the date of enactment of this Act from being reappointed to more than one additional consecutive term, (3) a member attending less than 75% of the meetings during one of such member's terms from being eligible for reappointment, and (4) a member from being eligible to be elected as Chair of the Commission for a second, consecutive term. Establishes an Executive Committee of the Commission. Requires, for purposes of providing remedies and procedures to address alleged violations of rights and protections that pertain to various specified antidiscrimination laws, that all employees of the Commission be treated as employees whose pay is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate or the Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives and that the Commission be treated as an employing office of the Senate or House. Increases to $250,000 the maximum amount the Commission may expend in any fiscal year to procure temporary or intermittent services contracts for the conduct of certain activities necessary to Commission functions. Extends the Commission's termination date to September 30, 2013.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/23/2011
112-76 H.R. 3421 "Fallen Heroes of 9/11 Act"
To award Congressional Gold Medals in honor of the men and women who perished as a result of the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001.
CRS summary.
Directs the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President pro tempore of the Senate to arrange for the award of congressional gold medals in honor of the men and women who perished as a result of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States to the Flight 93 National Memorial in Pennsylvania, the National September 11 Memorial and Museum in New York, and the Pentagon Memorial at the Pentagon. Authorizes the Secretary to strike and sell bronze duplicates of such medals, with amounts received from the sale to be deposited in the United States Mint Public Enterprise Fund.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/23/2011
112-77 H.R. 3672 "Disaster Relief Appropriations Act, 2012"
Making appropriations for disaster relief requirements for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2012, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/23/2011
112-78 H.R. 3765 "Temporary Payroll Tax Cut Continuation Act of 2011"
To extend the payroll tax holiday, unemployment compensation, Medicare physician payment, provide for the consideration of the Keystone XL pipeline, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/23/2011
112-79 S. 278 "Sugar Loaf Fire Protection District Land Exchange Act of 2011"
A bill to provide for the exchange of certain land located in the Arapaho-Roosevelt National Forests in the State of Colorado, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Requires the Secretary of Agriculture (USDA), if the Sugar Loaf Fire Protection District of Boulder, Colorado, offers to convey specified non-federal land in unincorporated Boulder County and the offer is acceptable to the Secretary, to accept the offer and to convey federal land in the Arapaho-Roosevelt National Forests in Colorado.
CBO Estimate, dated 7/21/11. S. 278 would authorize the exchange of approximately 5 acres of federal land for a similar amount of acreage owned by the Sugar Loaf Fire Protection District of Boulder, Colorado. Based on information provided by the Forest Service, which administers the federal land to be conveyed, CBO estimates that implementing the bill would have no impact on discretionary spending. Any administrative costs related to the exchange would be paid by the Sugar Loaf Fire Protection District. Because the nonfederal lands have a lower value than the Forest Service lands that would be conveyed, CBO expects that the Sugar Loaf Fire Protection District would provide a cash payment to the agency equal to the difference in values between the two parcels of land. Based on information from the Forest Service, CBO estimates that such a payment would be less than $50,000. Proceeds from the payment would be retained and spent by the Forest Service without further appropriation. The land conveyance authorized in the bill would benefit the fire protection district. Any costs to the district would be incurred voluntarily. On June 27, 2011, CBO transmitted a cost estimate for H.R. 643, the Sugar Loaf Fire Protection District Land Exchange Act, as ordered reported by the House Committee on Natural Resources on June 15, 2011. Under H.R. 643, proceeds received by the Forest Service as part of the land exchange would be deposited in the Treasury. Under S. 278, the agency would retain those proceeds and spend them without further appropriation. Neither piece of legislation would have a significant impact on the federal budget.
Senate Report 112-51.
Legislation summary.
12/23/2011
112-80 S. 384 A bill to amend title 39, United States Code, to extend the authority of the United States Postal Service to issue a semipostal to raise funds for breast cancer research.
CRS summary.
Extends, for four years, the authority of the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) to issue a semipostal to contribute to funding for breast cancer research.
CBO Estimate, dated 11/1/11. The Stamp Out Breast Cancer Act (Public Law 105-41) authorized a special postage stamp for first-class mail. The price of this stamp is 55 cents, 11 cents above the regular rate of 44 cents. The authority to issue the stamp expires on December 31, 2011. After accounting for the Postal Service’s administrative costs, amounts above the regular postal rate collected from sales of the special stamp are transferred to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Department of Defense (DoD) to spend on breast cancer research. S. 384 would extend this program until December 31, 2015. CBO estimates that enacting S. 384 would increase or decrease direct spending in most of the years 2012 through 2018 but would have no net effect on direct spending over the period as a whole. On balance, we estimate that enacting the bill would result in a net reduction in direct spending of $2 million over the 2012-2016 period, but that savings would be offset by increased direct spending in 2017 and 2018, leading to no net impact over the 2012-2021 period. The legislation would not affect revenues.
Senate Report 112-97.
Legislation summary.
12/23/2011
Public Law Bill Description Date Signed
112-81 H.R. 1540 "National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012"
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2012 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Authorizes appropriations to the Department of Defense (DOD) for FY2012 for: (1) procurement, including for aircraft, missiles, weapons and tracked combat vehicles, ammunition, and shipbuilding and conversion; (2) the Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Fund; (3) research, development, test, and evaluation; (4) operation and maintenance; (5) military personnel; (6) Working Capital Funds; (7) the National Defense Sealift Fund; (8) the Joint Urgent Operational Needs Fund; (9) chemical agents and munitions destruction; (10) drug interdiction and counter-drug activities; (11) the Defense Inspector General; (12) the Defense Health Program; (13) the Armed Forces Retirement Home; (14) overseas contingency operations; (15) chemical demilitarization; (16) the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Security Investment Program; (17) National Guard and reserve forces facilities; and (18) military base closure and realignment activities.
Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 - Authorizes appropriations for FY2012 for military construction, military family housing, and energy conservation projects.
Sets forth provisions or requirements concerning: (1) military personnel policy; (2) education and training; (3) military pay and allowances; (4) acquisition policy and management; (5) DOD organization and management; (6) civilian personnel; and (7) matters relating to foreign nations.
CBO Estimate, dated 5/20/11. H.R. 1540 would authorize appropriations totaling $690 billion for fiscal year 2012 for the military functions of the Department of Defense (DoD), for certain activities of the Department of Energy (DOE), and for other purposes. That total includes $119 billion for the cost of overseas contingency operations, primarily in Iraq and Afghanistan. In addition, H.R. 1540 would prescribe personnel strengths for each active-duty and selected-reserve component of the U.S. armed forces. CBO estimates that appropriation of the authorized amounts would result in outlays of $679 billion over the 2012-2016 period.
Conference report H. Rept. 112-329
Presidential Signing Statement. President Obama's "signing statement" listing his objections to specific provisions in the bill and announcing his interpretation of specific provisions of the bill.
Legislation summary.
12/31/2011
112-82 H.R. 515 "Belarus Democracy Reauthorization Act of 2011"
To reauthorize the Belarus Democracy Act of 2004.
CRS summary.
Amends the Belarus Democracy Act of 2004 to express the sense of Congress that the President should continue to support radio, television, and Internet broadcasting to the people of Belarus in languages spoken in Belarus by Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, the Voice of America, European Radio for Belarus, and Belsat. Includes among the criteria that the government of Belarus must meet in order to end U.S. sanctions: (1) release of individuals who were jailed based on political beliefs or expression in connection with the repression that attended the December 2010 presidential election; (2) prosecution of senior leadership of the government of Belarus responsible for violations of human rights violations, including human rights violations in connection with the presidential election; (3) withdrawal of politically motivated legal charges against opposition activists and independent journalists in connection with the presidential election; and (4) holding free and transparent presidential and parliamentary elections consistent with Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) standards and under OSCE supervision. Authorizes the denial of U.S. entry to members of the security or law enforcement services who have participated in the crackdown on opposition leaders, journalists, and peaceful protesters or in the persecution of religious groups or human rights defenders. Requires that the President's annual Belarus report to Congress include information about government of Belarus cooperation with any foreign government or organization related to Internet censorship or surveillance or the purchase or receipt of any technology or training for such purposes.
CBO Estimate, dated 5/2/2011. CBO estimates that enacting the bill would increase direct spending and decrease revenues, but those effects would not be significant. In addition, CBO estimates that implementing the bill would cost less than $500,000 over the 2012-2016 period.
Legislation summary.
1/3/2012
112-83 H.R. 789 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 20 Main Street in Little Ferry, New Jersey, as the "Sergeant Matthew J. Fenton Post Office".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 20 Main Street in Little Ferry, New Jersey, as the "Sergeant Matthew J. Fenton Post Office."
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/3/2012
112-84 H.R. 1059 To protect the safety of judges by extending the authority of the Judicial Conference to redact sensitive information contained in their financial disclosure reports, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Revises the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 to make permanent the Judicial Conference's authority to redact financial disclosure reports filed by a judicial officer or employee if it finds that revealing personal and sensitive information could endanger that individual or a family member of that individual.
CBO Estimate, dated 7/27/2011. H.R. 1059 would repeal the sunset provision of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 involving the financial disclosure requirements for judges. The bill would prevent public disclosure of certain information if it is determined that such disclosure could endanger the individual. Under current law, those provisions expire at the end of calendar year 2011. Based on information from the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, CBO estimates that implementing those provisions would have no significant immpact on the federal budget. Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending or revenues.
House Report 112-189.
Legislation summary.
1/3/2012
112-85 H.R. 1264 To designate the property between the United States Federal Courthouse and the Ed Jones Building located at 109 South Highland Avenue in Jackson, Tennessee, as the "M.D. Anderson Plaza" and to authorize the placement of a historical/identification marker on the grounds recognizing the achievements and philanthropy of M.D. Anderson.
CRS summary.
Designates the property between the U.S. federal courthouse and the Ed Jones Building located at 109 South Highland Avenue in Jackson, Tennessee, as the "M.D. Anderson Plaza." Permits the West Tennessee Health Care Foundation to install a historical marker and statue in the Plaza recognizing M.D. Anderson. Prohibits the expenditure of any federal funds in connection with such marker and statue.
CBO Estimate, dated 6/28/2011. CBO estimates that enacting this legislation would have no significant impact on the federal budget and would not affect direct spending or revenues.
House Report 112–325
Legislation summary.
1/3/2012
112-86 H.R. 1801 "Risk-Based Security Screening for Members of the Armed Forces Act"
To amend title 49, United States Code, to provide for expedited security screenings for members of the Armed Forces.
CRS summary.
Directs the Assistant Secretary of Homeland Security (Transportation Security Administration [TSA]) to develop and implement a plan for expedited security screening services for uniformed Armed Forces members, and their families, traveling on official orders while in uniform through an airport.
CBO Estimate, dated 9/29/11. H.R. 1801 would require the Assistant Secretary of Homeland Security, acting through the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), to implement expedited screening processes at certain airports for uniformed members of the armed forces and accompanying family members. The bill would specify factors for the Assistant Secretary to consider in designing such processes and would require TSA to report to the Congress on their implementation. According to TSA, the agency already intends to implement risk-based screening procedures for specific populations of air travellers, including uniformed members of the armed forces. Based on information from the agency about the status of those activities and the relatively small number of individuals that would qualify for expedited screening under H.R. 1801, CBO estimates that fully funding H.R. 1801 would cost less than $500,000 annually. Enacting H.R. 1801 would not affect direct spending or revenues.
H. Rept. 112-271.
Legislation summary.
1/3/2012
112-87 H.R. 1892 "Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012"
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2012 for intelligence and intelligence-related activities of the United States Government, the Community Management Account, and the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability System, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Authorizes appropriations for FY2012 for the conduct of intelligence and intelligence-related activities of the: (1) Office of the Director of National Intelligence; (2) Central Intelligence Agency (CIA); (3) Department of Defense (DOD); (4) Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA); (5) National Security Agency (NSA); (6) Departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force; (7) Coast Guard; (8) Departments of State, the Treasury, Energy, and Justice; (9) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI); (10) Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA); (11) National Reconnaissance Office; (12) National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency; and (13) Department of Homeland Security. Specifies that the amounts authorized and the authorized personnel ceilings as of September 30, 2012, for such activities are those specified in the classified Schedule of Authorizations, which shall be made available to the congressional appropriations committees and the President. Allows the Director of National Intelligence, with the approval of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), to authorize employment of civilian personnel in excess of the number authorized for FY2012 when necessary for the performance of important intelligence functions. Requires notification to the intelligence committees on the use of such authority. Authorizes appropriations for the Intelligence Community Management Account for FY2012, as well as for full-time personnel for elements within such Account. Authorizes appropriations for FY2012 for the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability Fund. Permits appropriations authorized by this Act for salary, pay, retirement, and other benefits for federal employees to be increased by such additional or supplemental amounts as necessary for increases in such compensation or benefits authorized by law. Prohibits the authorization of appropriations by this Act from being deemed to constitute authority to conduct any intelligence activity not otherwise authorized by the Constitution or laws of the United States.
CBO Estimate, dated 6/22/11. H.R. 1892 would authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2012 for intelligence activities of the U.S. government, for the Intelligence Community Management Account (ICMA), and for the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability System (CIARDS). Since CBO does not provide estimates for classified programs, this estimate addresses only the unclassified portions of the bill. In addition, CBO cannot provide estimates for certain provisions in the unclassified portion of the bill because they concern classified intelligence programs. On that limited basis, and assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 1892 would cost $585 million over the 2012-2016 period.
House Report 112-197.
Legislation summary.
1/3/2012
112-88 H.R. 2056 To instruct the Inspector General of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation to study the impact of insured depository institution failures, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Instructs the Inspector General of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) to study the impact of the failure of insured depository institutions. Requires the study to detail: (1) the impact of loss-sharing agreements (LSAs) on the insured depository institutions that survive and the borrowers of insured depository institutions that fail; (2) the effect of FDIC policies and procedures regarding maturing LSAs; (3) the methods of ensuring the orderly end of expiring LSAs to prevent any adverse impact on borrowing, the real estate industry, and the Depositors Insurance Fund; (4) the significance of certain paper losses; (5) the success of FDIC field examiners in implementing specified FDIC guidelines regarding workouts of commercial real estate loans; (6) the application and impact of consent orders and cease and desist orders; (7) the application and impact of FDIC policies; and (8) the FDIC's handling of potential investment from private equity companies in insured depository institutions.
CBO Estimate, dated 7/26/11. H.R. 2056 would direct the Government Accountability Office (GAO) and the Inspector General of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) to study and report to the Congress on several matters relating to bank failures. Expenses of the FDIC are classified as direct spending. However, CBO estimates that any costs incurred by the Inspector General would be offset by premiums collected from insured depository institutions, resulting in no net effect on direct spending over the next five years. Enacting this legislation would not affect revenues. CBO estimates that any additional cost to GAO would also be insignificant.
House Report 112-182.
Legislation summary.
1/3/2012
112-89 H.R. 2422 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 45 Bay Street, Suite 2, in Staten Island, New York, as the "Sergeant Angel Mendez Post Office".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/3/2012
112-90 H.R. 2845 "Pipeline Safety, Regulatory Certainty, and Job Creation Act of 2011"
To amend title 49, United States Code, to provide for enhanced safety and environmental protection in pipeline transportation, to provide for enhanced reliability in the transportation of the Nation's energy products by pipeline, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
CBO Estimate, dated 9/27/11. The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) oversees the safety of pipelines that transport gas or hazardous liquids and provides grants to states for programs to ensure pipeline safety. For those activities, H.R. 2845 would authorize gross appropriations of $505 million over the 2012-2016 period. CBO expects, however, that about $434 million of those appropriations would be offset by fees paid by pipeline operators over the four-year period. In addition, subject to provisions in appropriation acts, CBO estimates that the bill would authorize PHMSA to collect and spend about $10 million over the 2012-2016 period to recover its costs of conducting safety reviews at a pipeline project in the state of Alaska. CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 2845 would have a net cost of $45 million over the 2012-2016 period, assuming appropriation of the specified and estimated amounts. H.R. 2845 would increase certain civil penalties for violating pipeline safety regulations. Civil penalties are recorded in the budget as revenues and deposited in the general fund of the Treasury. However, CBO estimates that any increase in civil penalties would be small and would have no significant effect on the federal budget over the next 10 years. Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending. H.R. 2845 contains intergovernmental and private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) because it would impose new requirements on both public and private operators of natural gas pipelines. The bill would impose additional private-sector mandates on operators of hazardous liquid pipelines.
Legislation summary.
1/3/2012
112-91 H.R. 3800 "Airport and Airway Extension Act of 2012"
To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to extend the funding and expenditure authority of the Airport and Airway Trust Fund, to amend title 49, United States Code, to extend authorizations for the airport improvement program, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the Internal Revenue Code to extend through February 17, 2012, increased excise taxes on aviation fuels, the excise tax on air transportation of persons and property, and the expenditure authority for the Airport and Airway Trust Fund.
Extends through February 17, 2012: (1) the authorization of appropriations for airport planning and development and noise compatibility planning projects (known as airport improvement projects [AIPs]), and (2) the authority of the Secretary of Transportation (DOT) to make new AIP grants.
Extends through February 17, 2012: (1) the pilot program for passenger facility fee authorizations at non-hub airports, and (2) disclosure requirements for large and medium hub airports applying for AIP grants.
Authorizes appropriations to the Secretary through February 17, 2012, to make agreements to provide small community air service assistance to underserved airports.
Directs the Secretary to extend through February 17, 2012, the termination date of insurance coverage for domestic or foreign-flag aircraft. Grants the Secretary discretionary authority to further extend such coverage through May 17, 2012. Extends through May 17, 2012, the authority of the Secretary to limit air carrier liability for claims arising out of acts of terrorism.
Extends through February 17, 2012: (1) grant eligibility for airports located in the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, and Palau; (2) grants to state and local governments for land use compatibility AIPs; and (3) authority for approving an application of the Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority for an airport development grant or for permission to impose a passenger facility fee.
Amends the Vision 100-Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act to extend through February 17, 2012: (1) the temporary increase to 95% of the federal government's share of certain AIP costs, (2) funding for airport development at Midway Island Airport, and (3) the effective period of final orders of the Secretary regarding the eligibility of small communities for essential air service subsidies.
Authorizes appropriations to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for the period from October 1, 2011, through February 17, 2012, for: (1) FAA operations; (2) air navigation facilities and equipment; and (3) civil aviation research, engineering, and development.
Authorizes appropriations out of the Airport and Airway Trust Fund for the period from October 1, 2011, through February 17, 2012, for the essential air service (EAS) program.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/31/2012
112-92 H.R. 3237 "SOAR Technical Corrections Act"
To amend the SOAR Act by clarifying the scope of coverage of the Act.
CRS summary.
Amends the Scholarships for Opportunity and Results Act to make technical corrections to the opportunity scholarship program that provides private school choice opportunities to disadvantaged students in the District of Columbia. Limits the requirement that core subject teachers at participating schools have a baccalaureate or equivalent degree to those core subject teachers teaching participating students. Directs the Institute of Education Sciences to administer nationally norm-referenced standardized tests to students participating in that evaluation, except where the school the student attends administers the same test. Requires participating schools that administer the test to provide the Secretary of Education with the test results for participating students.
CBO Estimate, dated 11/8/11. H.R. 3237 would amend the Scholarships for Opportunity and Results Act, which provides funding to cover the costs of tuition, fees, and transportation for District of Columbia residents attending private elementary and secondary schools. The bill would amend the requirements for teachers and for testing of students at schools with scholarship recipients. CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 3237 would have no effect on discretionary spending. In addition, enacting the bill would have no impact on direct spending or revenues.
Legislation summary.
2/1/2012
112-93 H.R. 3801 "Ultralight Aircraft Smuggling Prevention Act of 2012"
To amend the Tariff Act of 1930 to clarify the definition of aircraft and the offenses penalized under the aviation smuggling provisions under that Act, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the Tariff Act of 1930 with respect to aviation smuggling to extend its coverage of aircraft to: (1) any contrivance invented, used, or designed to navigate, or fly in, the air; and (2) ultralight vehicles. Subjects attempts or conspiracies to commit aviation smuggling to specified criminal penalties. Expresses the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Defense (DOD) should continue the broad program of cooperation with the Secretary of Homeland Security to identify DOD equipment, technology, and expertise that could be leveraged by Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to fulfill its missions. Urges DOD especially to ensure that DHS can identify DOD equipment and technology that could also be used by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to combat illicit trafficking across the international borders between the United States and Mexico and the United States and Canada, including any that could be used to detect and track the illicit use of ultralight aircraft.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
2/10/2012
112-94 H.R. 588 To redesignate the Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge as the Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge.
CRS summary.
Redesignates the Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge in Mississippi as the Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge.
CBO Estimate, dated 10/25/2011. CBO estimates that enacting this legislation would have no significant impact on the federal budget and would not affect direct spending or revenues.
Legislation summary.
2/14/2012
112-95 H.R. 658 "FAA Reauthorization and Reform Act of 2011"
To amend title 49, United States Code, to authorize appropriations for the Federal Aviation Administration for fiscal years 2011 through 2014, to streamline programs, create efficiencies, reduce waste, and improve aviation safety and capacity, to provide stable funding for the national aviation system, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
CBO Estimate, dated 3/10/2011.
Legislation summary.
2/14/2012
112-96 H.R. 3630 "Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2011"
To provide incentives for the creation of jobs, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
CBO Estimate, dated 12/9/11, of bill as introduced in the House of Representatives on 12/9/11. Prepared for House Committee on Ways and Means. According to CBO’s and JCT’s estimates, enacting H.R. 3630 would change revenues and direct spending to produce increases in the deficit of $166.8 billion in fiscal year 2012 and $25.3 billion over the 2012-2021 period. Relative to discretionary spending projected under current law and assuming compliance with the current-law caps on discretionary appropriations for the next 10 years, CBO estimates that the proposed changes in discretionary funding caps under H.R. 3630 would lead to a reduction in projected discretionary spending of $26.2 billion over the 2012-2021 period.
Legislation summary.
2/22/2012
112-97 H.R. 1162 To provide the Quileute Indian Tribe Tsunami and Flood Protection, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Removes certain federal land within Olympic National Park, Washington, that is designated as part of the Olympic Wilderness from inclusion in the National Wilderness Preservation System. Takes specified federal land within the Park into trust for the Quileute Indian Tribe. Requires the Secretary of the Interior to take specified nonfederal land owned by the Tribe into trust for the Tribe, upon completion and acceptance of an environmental hazard assessment. Includes those lands taken into trust for the Tribe in the Quileute Indian Reservation. Subjects portions of the federal land conveyed to the Tribe to easements and conditions that preserve the natural condition of the land and provide the public with recreational access to the land and Park. Exempts land conveyed to the Tribe along the southern boundary of the Reservation from any easements or conditions. Allows that land to be altered to allow for the relocation of Tribe members and structures outside the tsunami and Quillayute River flood zones. Extinguishes the Tribe's claims against the United States relating to the Park's past or present ownership, entry, use, surveys, or other activities upon the taking of the lands into trust for the Tribe and a formal Tribal Council resolution. Prohibits gaming on lands taken into trust for the Tribe pursuant to this Act.
CBO Estimate, dated 1/18/12.
H.R. 1162 would authorize the transfer of lands within and around the Olympic National Park in the state of Washington. H.R. 1162 would incorporate specified federal lands within the Olympic National Park and specified land owned by the Quileute Tribe into the Quileute Indian Reservation, held in trust by the federal government. Under the bill, easements and conditions would apply to certain specified lands, and the Quileute tribe would relinquish any claims against the federal government relating to past or present activities in the Olympic National Park. Based on information from the Department of the Interior, CBO estimates that H.R. 1162 would have no significant impact on the federal budget. Enacting H.R. 1162 would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply. H.R. 1162 would impose an intergovernmental mandate as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) by exempting some land from taxation by state and local governments, but CBO expects the cost of that mandate to be small and well below the annual threshold established in UMRA for intergovernmental mandates ($73 million in 2012, adjusted annually for inflation).
Legislation summary.
2/27/2012
112-98 H.R. 347 "Federal Restricted Buildings and Grounds Improvement Act of 2011"
To correct and simplify the drafting of section 1752 (relating to restricted buildings or grounds) of title 18, United States Code.
CRS summary.
Amends the federal criminal code to revise the prohibition against entering restricted federal buildings or grounds to impose criminal penalties on anyone who knowingly enters any restricted building or grounds without lawful authority. Defines "restricted buildings or grounds" as a posted, cordoned off, or otherwise restricted area of: (1) the White House or its grounds or the Vice President's official residence or its grounds, (2) a building or grounds where the President or other person protected by the Secret Service is or will be temporarily visiting, or (3) a building or grounds so restricted due to a special event of national significance.
CBO Estimate, dated 2/2/2011.
CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 347 would have no significant cost to the federal government. The legislation could affect direct spending and revenues, but we estimate that any such effects would not be significant. H.R. 347 would modify and expand the current laws that prohibit access to certain federal property. Thus, the government might be able to pursue cases against violators that it otherwise would not be able to prosecute. However, CBO expects that H.R. 347 would apply to a relatively small number of offenders, so any increase in costs for law enforcement, court proceedings, or prison operations would not be significant. Any such costs would be subject to the availability of appropriated funds. Because those prosecuted and convicted under H.R. 347 could be subject to criminal fines, the federal government might collect additional amounts if the legislation is enacted. Criminal fines are recorded as revenues, deposited in the Crime Victims Fund, and later spent. CBO estimates that any additional revenues and direct spending would not be significant because of the small number of cases likely to be affected.
Legislation summary.
3/8/2012
112-99 H.R. 4105 To apply the countervailing duty provisions of the Tariff Act of 1930 to nonmarket economy countries, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the Tariff Act of 1930 regarding the imposition of countervailing duties on imports into the United States from a country subsidizing, directly or indirectly, the manufacture, production, or export of merchandise which materially injures a U.S. industry or threatens to. Declares that merchandise on which countervailing duties must be imposed includes merchandise from a nonmarket country, unless the administering authority cannot identify and measure subsidies provided by the government of the nonmarket economy country (or a public entity within its territory) because the economy of that country is essentially composed of a single entity. Requires the administering authority to reduce the antidumping duty on a class or kind of merchandise from a nonmarket economy country in cases where: (1) such country (or a public entity within its territory) has provided the merchandise with a countervailable subsidy (other than an export subsidy); (2) the subsidy has reduced the average price of imports of that class or kind of merchandise during the relevant period; and (3) the extent to which the subsidy, in combination with the use of normal value, has increased the weighted average dumping margin for such merchandise can be reasonably estimated. Requires the administering authority, in such cases, to reduce the antidumping duty by the amount of the increase in the weighted average dumping margin estimated (but not by more than the portion of the countervailing duty rate attributable to the countervailable subsidy).
CBO Estimate, 3/5/12.
The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has prepared a cost estimate for H.R. 4105, a bill to apply the countervailing duty provisions of the Tariff Act of 1930 to nonmarket economy countries. CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 4105 would not affect revenues in fiscal year 2012, and would increase revenues, net of income and payroll tax offsets, by approximately $160 million over the 2013-2022 period, relative to receipts under current law.
On December 19, 2011, the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit decided that certain countervailing duties levied by the Department of Commerce on tires imported from China should not have been assessed because countervailing duty law does not apply in the context of a non-market economy such as China's. The Federal Circuit affirmed the holding of the Court of International Trade that such countervailing duties could not be collected but did so on different grounds. As a result of the Federal Circuit's decision, CBO updated its projection of revenues under current law to reflect the expectation that the Department of Commerce will stop imposing countervailing duties on goods imported from nonmarket economies.
H.R. 4105 would provide authority to the Department of Commerce to impose countervailing duties on government-subsidized goods imported from nonmarket economies (except in certain cases involving those economies under complete government control), in a manner that accords with the agency's practice prior to the Federal Circuit decision, and would extend that authority to all cases that the agency initiated on or after October 1, 2006. Thus, the legislation would grant the Department of Commerce authority that the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit held it does not have under current law. CBO estimates that, net of income and payroll tax offsets, enacting the bill would increase revenues by $160 million over the 2013 - 2022 period, relative to receipts under current law.
Legislation summary.
3/13/2012
112-100 S. 1134 "St. Croix River Crossing Project Authorization Act"
A bill to authorize the St. Croix River Crossing Project with appropriate mitigation measures to promote river values.
CRS summary.
Permits the head of any federal agency to authorize and assist in the construction of a new bridge crossing the St. Croix River approximately six miles north of the I-94 crossing if specified mitigation items described in the 2006 St. Croix River Crossing Project Memorandum of Understanding for Implementation of Riverway Mitigation Items are included as enforceable conditions.
CBO Estimate, 1/13/12.
S. 1134 would waive section 7 of the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act to permit the construction of a bridge over the St. Croix River between Minnesota and Wisconsin. Allowing construction of the bridge would permit those states to spend Federal-Aid Highway funds appropriated and designated exclusively for construction of that bridge, resulting in an increase in direct spending of about $8 million. The bill also would rescind $8 million from the Department of the Interior (DOI) franchise fund, which is used by the department to perform certain administrative tasks for federal agencies on a contract basis. As a result, CBO estimates that enacting the bill would have no significant net impact on direct spending over the 2012-2022 period.
Under section 7 of the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act, the National Park Service has determined that constructing a bridge over the St. Croix River between Minnesota and Wisconsin would have an adverse effect on the river. As a result, federal agencies are prohibited from obligating any additional funds or providing any necessary permits to construct that bridge. By waiving section 7, S. 1134 would permit construction of the bridge and would allow Minnesota and Wisconsin to use $8 million of Federal-Aid Highway funds designated exclusively for that purpose.
S. 1134 would rescind $8 million dollars from the DOI franchise fund. That fund is used by DOI when entering into contracts with federal agencies to provide acquisition, consulting, and performance-management services. The fund contains amounts transferred to it by other agencies to pay for services as well as amounts collected from fees paid by those agencies. Because the fund has a legal obligation to use amounts transferred into the fund by other agencies to perform the services for which the funds were provided, only amounts collected from fees are available for rescission. Based on information from DOI, CBO estimates that the fund contains more than $8 million in fee collections that are unobligated and that those amounts would be spent over the 2013-2016 period under current law; therefore, we estimate that enacting the rescission in S. 1134 would reduce outlays by $8 million over that period.
Legislation summary.
3/14/2012
Public Law Bill Description Date Signed
112-101 S. 1710 A bill to designate the United States courthouse located at 222 West 7th Avenue, Anchorage, Alaska, as the James M. Fitzgerald United States Courthouse.
CRS summary.
Designates the U.S. courthouse located at 222 West 7th Avenue in Anchorage, Alaska, as the "James M. Fitzgerald United States Courthouse."
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
3/14/2012
112-102 H.R. 4281 "Surface Transportation Extension Act of 2012"
To provide an extension of Federal-aid highway, highway safety, motor carrier safety, transit, and other programs funded out of the Highway Trust Fund pending enactment of a multiyear law reauthorizing such programs.
CRS summary.
Directs the Secretary of Transportation (DOT) to reduce the amount apportioned for a surface transportation program, project, or activity for FY2012 by amounts apportioned or allocated under the Surface Transportation Extension Act of 2011, Part II for the period from October 1, 2011, through March 31, 2012. Amends the Surface Transportation Extension Act of 2011, Part II to continue through June 30, 2012, and authorizes appropriations through that date for, specified federal-aid highway programs under the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU), the SAFETEA-LU Technical Corrections Act of 2008, the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA), and the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century. Includes among extended funds those for: (1) the surface transportation research, development, and deployment program; (2) training and education; (3) the Bureau of Transportation Statistics; (4) university transportation research; and (5) intelligent transportation systems (ITS) research. Subjects funding for such programs generally to the same manner of distribution, administration, limitation, and availability for obligation, however, at three-quarters of the total amount, as funds authorized to be appropriated for such programs and activities out of the Highway Trust Fund (HTF) for FY2011. Subjects contract authority, however, between October 1, 2011, and June 30, 2012, for such programs to a specified pro rata limitation on obligations included in any Act making appropriations for FY2012 or a portion of that fiscal year. Waives this obligation limitation, though, for emergency relief and for the equity bonus program. Extends the allocation of certain transportation program funds to: (1) states for specific programs, including the Interstate and National Highway System program, the Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement program, the highway safety improvement program, the Surface Transportation program, and the Highway Bridge program; and (2) the territories and Puerto Rico. Prohibits use of program funds for a high-speed MAGLEV system between Las Vegas, Nevada, and Anaheim, California. Authorizes appropriations from the HTF (other than the Mass Transit Account) for administrative expenses of the federal-aid highway program for the period from October 1, 2011, through June 30, 2012. Amends SAFETEA-LU to extend for the same period the authorization of appropriations for specified National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) safety programs (including NHTSA administrative expenses) and Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) programs. Extends, from October 1, 2011, through June 30, 2012, the funding for hazardous materials (hazmat) research projects. Amends the Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish Restoration Act to continue for the same period of time the authorized distribution of funds under such Act for coastal wetlands, recreational boating safety, projects under the Clean Vessel Act of 19921, boating infrastructure projects, and the National Outreach and Communications Program. Extends, from October 1, 2011, through June 30, 2012, the allocation of capital investment grant funds for federal transit programs, including the metropolitan planning program and the state planning and research program. Extends the special rule authority of the Secretary to award urbanized area formula grants to finance the operating cost of equipment and facilities for use in public transportation in an urbanized area with a population of at least 200,000. Allocates, from October 1, 2011, through June 30, 2012, certain amounts for formula and bus grants and capital investment grants for: (1) certain new fixed guideway capital projects; (2) new fixed guideway ferry systems and extension projects in Alaska and Hawaii; (3) payments to the Denali Commission for docks, waterfront development projects, and related transportation infrastructure; (4) ferry boats or ferry terminal facilities; (5) a set-aside for the national fuel cell bus technology development program; (6) projects in nonurbanized areas; (7) intermodal terminal projects; and (8) bus testing. Extends the apportionment of nonurbanized area formula grants for public transportation on Indian reservations. Extends, from October 1, 2011, through June 30, 2012, the apportionment of capital investment grant funds for certain fixed guideway modernization projects. Extends for that same period the authorization appropriations from the HTF Mass Transit Account for: (1) formula and bus grant projects, (2) capital investment grants, (3) transit research, and (4) administration expenses. Extends, from October 1, 2011, through June 30,2012, certain SAFETEA-LU programs, including: (1) the contracted paratransit pilot program, (2) the public-private partnership pilot program, (3) project authorizations for final design and construction and preliminary engineering of specified fixed guideway projects, and (4) the elderly individuals and individuals with disabilities pilot program. Extends certain allocations for national research and technology programs. Amends the Internal Revenue Code to extend through June 30, 2012, authority for expenditures from the: (1) HTF Highway and Mass Transit accounts, (2) Sport Fish Restoration and Boating Trust Fund, and (3) Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund. Extends through June 30, 2012, excise taxes on: (1) fuel used by certain buses, (2) certain alcohol fuels, (3) gasoline (other than aviation gasoline) and diesel fuel or kerosene, (4) certain heavy trucks and trailers, and (5) tires. Extends the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund tax. Extends through FY2013 the excise tax on certain heavy vehicles. Extends through June 30, 2012, the exemptions from excise taxes on: (1) certain sales, and (2) motor vehicles used by a state and local government. Extends the transfer of: (1) certain highway excise taxes to the HTF, and (2) motorboat fuel taxes from the HTF into the land and water conservation fund.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
3/30/2012
112-103 H.R. 473 "Help to Access Land for the Education of Scouts (HALE Scouts) Act"
To provide for the conveyance of approximately 140 acres of land in the Ouachita National Forest in Oklahoma to the Indian Nations Council, Inc., of the Boy Scouts of America, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Requires the conveyance of specified National Forest System land in the Ouachita National Forest in Oklahoma to the Indian Nations Council, Inc., of the Boy Scouts of America. Excludes from such conveyance any land within the Indian Nations National Scenic and Wildlife Area designated under the Winding Stair Mountain National Recreation and Wilderness Area Act. Requires the Council to pay to the Secretary of Agriculture (USDA) the fair market value of the land, as determined by an appraisal approved by the Secretary and done to conform with the Uniform Appraisal Standards for Federal Land Acquisitions and the provisions relating to exchanges of public lands and interests within the National Forest System under the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976. States that access to the conveyed land shall be from the adjacent land of the Council or its successor. Bars the Secretary from being required to provide additional access to such land. Authorizes the Secretary to prescribe such terms and conditions on the conveyance as the Secretary considers in the public interest, including the reservation of access rights to the conveyed land for administrative purposes.
CBO Estimate, 8/1/11.
H.R. 473 would require the Secretary of Agriculture to convey, at fair market value, approximately 140 acres of land in the Ouachita National Forest, Oklahoma, to the Indian Nations Council, Inc. (a chartered council of the Boy Scouts of America). Based on information provided by the Forest Service, CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would have no significant impact on the federal budget. Enacting H.R. 473 would reduce direct spending; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. Under the bill, proceeds from the sale of the affected land, which CBO estimates would total less than $300,000, would be deposited in the Treasury as offsetting receipts (a credit against direct spending). Enacting the legislation would not affect revenues. Because the council would be required to pay any administrative costs associated with the conveyance, CBO also estimates that implementing the legislation would not affect spending subject to appropriation.
House Report 112-218.
Legislation summary.
4/2/2012
112-104 H.R. 886 "United States Marshals Service 225th Anniversary Commemorative Coin Act"
To require the Secretary of the Treasury to mint coins in commemoration of the 225th anniversary of the establishment of the Nation's first Federal law enforcement agency, the United States Marshals Service.
CRS summary.
Directs the Secretary of the Treasury, in commemoration of the 225th anniversary of the establishment of the United States Marshals Service, to mint and issue $5 gold and $1 silver coins, and half-dollar clad coins emblematic of the 225 years of exemplary and unparalleled achievements of the U.S. Marshals Service.
Permits: (1) only one facility of the United States Mint to be used to strike any particular combination of denomination and quality of the coins minted under this Act, and (2) the Secretary to issue coins to the public minted under this Act beginning on or after January 1, 2015. Prohibits such coins from being minted after December 31, 2015.
Requires all such coin sales to include a surcharge of: (1) $35 per $5 coin, (2) $10 per $1 coin, and (3) $3 for the half-dollar coin. Requires distribution of the first $5 million to the U.S. Marshals Service National Museum for the preservation, maintenance, and display of artifacts and documents of the U.S. Marshals Service. Requires distribution of one-third of the remainder each to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children to be used for finding missing children and combating child sexual exploitation, and the Federal Law Enforcement Officers Association Foundation (FLEOAF). Limits the use of such funds by FLEOAF to financial assistance for: (1) surviving family members of federal law enforcement members killed in the line of duty; (2) disabled federal law enforcement members; (3) federal law enforcement employees and their families in select instances, such as severe trauma or financial loss, where no other source of assistance is available; (4) scholarships to students pursuing a career in the law enforcement field; and (5) selective grants to charitable organizations. Requires distribution of one-third of the remainder to the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund to support construction of of the National Law Enforcement Museum.
Directs the Secretary to take actions to ensure that: (1) minting and issuing such coins will not result in any net cost to the U.S. government, and (2) no funds will be disbursed to the recipients designated in this Act until the total cost of designing and issuing such coins (including labor, materials, dies, use of machinery, overhead expenses, marketing, and shipping) is recovered by the Treasury.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
4/2/2012
112-105 S. 2038 "Stop Trading on Congressional Knowledge (STOCK) Act of 2012"
An original bill to prohibit Members of Congress and employees of Congress from using nonpublic information derived from their official positions for personal benefit, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Requires the congressional ethics committees to issue interpretive guidance of the rules of each chamber, including rules on conflicts of interest and gifts, with respect to the prohibition against the use by Members of Congress and congressional employees (including legislative branch officers and employees), as a means for making a private profit, of any nonpublic information derived from their positions as Members or congressional employees, or gained from performance of the individual's official responsibilities.
Declares that such Members and employees are not exempt from the insider trading prohibitions arising under the securities laws, including the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Rule 10b-5. Amends the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 to declare that such Members and employees owe a duty arising from a relationship of trust and confidence to Congress, the U.S. government, and U.S. citizens with respect to material, nonpublic information derived from their positions as Members or congressional employees or gained from performance of the individual's official responsibilities.
Amends the Commodity Exchange Act to apply to Members and congressional employees, or to judicial officers or employees its prohibitions against certain transactions, involving the purchase or sale of any commodity in interstate commerce, or for future delivery, or any swap.
Amends the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 (EGA) to require specified individuals to file reports within 30 to 45 days after receiving notice of a purchase, sale, or exchange which exceeds $1,000 in stocks, bonds, commodities futures, and other forms of securities and subject to any waivers and exclusions. Lists such individuals as: (1) the President; (2) the Vice President; (3) executive officers or employees, including certain special government employees and members of a uniformed service; (4) appointed administrative law judges; (5) executive branch employees in positions excepted from the competitive service because of their confidential or policymaking character (except those excluded from such exception by the Director of the Office of Government Ethics [OGE]); (6) the Postmaster General, the Deputy Postmaster General, each Governor of the Board of Governors of the U.S. Postal Service, and certain U.S. Postal Service officers or employees; (7) the OGE Director and each designated agency ethics official; (8) civilian employees of the Executive Office of the President (other than a special government employee) appointed by the President; (9) Members of Congress; and (10) congressional officers and employees.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 1/31/12.
S. 2038 would amend the Congressional Accountability Act of 1995 and the Ethics in Government Act. The legislation would require the Senate and the House of Representatives to implement an electronic filing system for financial disclosure forms and provide the public with on-line access to that information in a searchable database. S. 2038 also would make clear that Members of Congress, Congressional employees, and federal employees are prohibited from using nonpublic information for personal financial benefit. In addition, the legislation would require more timely reporting of information about financial transactions by Members and staff. Based on information from Congressional staff, CBO estimates that implementing the financial disclosure system required under S. 2038 would cost $4 million over the 2012-2013 period primarily for new computer hardware and software and additional labor. In addition, maintaining the new system would cost $1 million annually, CBO estimates. In total, CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would cost about $9 million over the 2012-2017 period, assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts. The Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010 establishes budget-reporting and enforcement procedures for legislation affecting direct spending or revenues. Enacting S. 2038 could increase revenues from civil and criminal fines imposed on federal employees who use nonpublic information for personal financial benefit or who fail to file financial disclosure forms. Civil fines are recorded in the budget as revenues and deposited into the general fund of the Treasury. Criminal fines are recorded as revenues, deposited in the Crime Victims Fund, and spent in subsequent years. CBO expects that any net effect associated with collecting and spending such penalties would not be significant in any year.
Legislation summary.
4/4/2012
112-106 H.R. 3606 "Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act"
To increase American job creation and economic growth by improving access to the public capital markets for emerging growth companies.
Includes "Capital Raising Online While Deterring Fraud and Unethical Non-Disclosure (CROWDFUND) Act of 2012"
Note: Original short title was "Reopening American Capital Markets to Emerging Growth Companies Act of 2011"
CRS summary.
Amends the Securities Act of 1933 (SA) and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (SEA) to define "emerging growth company" as an issuer that had total annual gross revenues of less than $1 billion during its most recently completed fiscal year. Amends SEA and the Investor Protection and Securities Reform Act of 2010 (title IX of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act) to exempt emerging growth companies from the requirement for separate shareholder approval of executive compensation, including golden parachute compensation. Amends SA to state that an emerging growth company need not present more than two years of audited financial statements in order for its registration statement, with respect to an initial public offering of its common equity securities, to be effective. Amends both SA and SEA to state that, in any other registration statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), an emerging growth company need not present certain selected financial data for any period before the earliest audited period presented in connection with its initial public offering. Declares that an emerging growth company may not be required to comply with any new or revised financial accounting standard until a company that is not an issuer is required to comply with it, if the standard applies to companies that are not issuers. Modifies the application to emerging growth companies of any auditing or other professional standards the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board may establish that were proposed by one or more professional groups of accountants. Exempts an emerging growth company from any such rules requiring mandatory audit firm rotation or a supplement to the auditor's report in which the auditor would be required to provide additional information about the audit and the issuer's financial statements (auditor discussion and analysis). Applies this exemption also with respect to any additional rules adopted by the Board after enactment of this Act, unless the SEC decides otherwise and determines that their application to emerging growth companies is necessary or appropriate in the public interest, after considering the protection of investors and whether the action will promote efficiency, competition, and capital formation.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 3/2/12.
Under current law, companies intending to offer securities to be traded on public exchanges must, in certain circumstances, register those securities with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). H.R. 3606 would make several changes to those registration requirements. The bill also would allow issuers to advertise to the general public the availability of a private offering, that is, sales of securities that are made to a limited number of eligible investors.
Finally, H.R. 3606 would exempt emerging growth companies, as defined in the bill, from certain disclosure, auditing, and reporting requirements. The bill defines an emerging growth company (EGC) as an issuer of securities with less than $1 billion in annual revenues, and following an initial offering of securities, less than $700 million in publicly traded shares. A company may retain the EGC designation for a limited time—until its gross revenues or publicly traded share volume exceed those levels, or five years after an initial public offering of stock, whichever comes earlier.
The bill would exempt EGCs from requirements to:
- Allow shareholders to vote on executive compensation;
- Provide certain financial information in registration statements filed with the SEC;
- Comply with certain financial auditing rules; and
- Limit certain communication with brokers and dealers of securities, as well as investors. Based on information from the SEC, CBO estimates that the SEC would require 40 additional staff positions to handle new review and enforcement activities that would result from changes under the bill. CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 3606 would cost about $50 million over the 2012-2017 period, assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts. Further, under current law, the SEC is authorized to collect fees to offset the cost of its annual appropriation each year; therefore, CBO estimates that the net cost to implement the provisions of H.R. 3606 would not be significant, assuming annual appropriation actions consistent with the agency’s authorities.
Enacting H.R. 3606 would increase both direct spending and revenues by amending provisions of law that affect the activities of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB). The PCAOB, whose spending authority is not subject to appropriation action, is authorized to collect fees to offset its operating expenses. Those fees are recorded in the budget as revenues. CBO estimates that the effect on both revenues and direct spending would be insignificant over the 2012-2022 period.
H.R. 3606 would impose private-sector mandates, as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA), on national securities associations registered with the SEC. Such associations, along with the SEC, govern the conduct of association members with regard to transactions related to securities. The bill would prohibit national securities associations from issuing rules to restrict certain oral and written communications related to public offerings of emerging growth companies. Currently, only one association is registered with the SEC—a self-regulatory organization for securities firms, brokers, and dealers. In addition, to the extent that the SEC would increase fee collections to recover any additional costs incurred to handle new review and enforcement activities, the bill could impose a mandate on private entities. Based on information from the SEC, CBO estimates that the cost of the mandates would be small relative to the annual threshold established in UMRA for private-sector mandates ($146 million in 2012, adjusted annually for inflation).
House Report 112-406, Part 1.
House Report 112-406, Part 2.
Legislation summary.
4/5/2012
112-107 H.R. 298 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 500 East Whitestone Boulevard in Cedar Park, Texas, as the "Army Specialist Matthew Troy Morris Post Office Building".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
5/15/2012
112-108 H.R. 1423 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 115 4th Avenue Southwest in Ardmore, Oklahoma, as the "Specialist Micheal E. Phillips Post Office".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
5/15/2012
112-109 H.R. 2079 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 10 Main Street in East Rockaway, New York, as the "John J. Cook Post Office".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
5/15/2012
112-110 H.R. 2213 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 801 West Eastport Street in Iuka, Mississippi, as the "Sergeant Jason W. Vaughn Post Office".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
5/15/2012
112-111 H.R. 2244 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 67 Castle Street in Geneva, New York, as the "Corporal Steven Blaine Riccione Post Office".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
5/15/2012
112-112 H.R. 2660 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 122 North Holderrieth Boulevard in Tomball, Texas, as the "Tomball Veterans Post Office".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
5/15/2012
112-113 H.R. 2668 "Brian A. Terry Memorial Act"
To designate the station of the United States Border Patrol located at 2136 South Naco Highway in Bisbee, Arizona, as the "Brian A. Terry Border Patrol Station".
CRS summary.
CBO Estimate, 4/27/12.
The Congressional Budget Office has reviewed H.R. 2668, an act to designate the station of the United States Border Patrol located at 2136 South Naco Highway in Bisbee, Arizona, as the “Brian A. Terry Border Patrol Station,” as ordered reported by the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs on April 25, 2012. CBO estimates that enacting this legislation would have no significant impact on the federal budget and would not affect direct spending or revenues.
House Report 112-326.
Legislation summary.
5/15/2012
112-114 H.R. 2767 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 8 West Silver Street in Westfield, Massachusetts, as the "William T. Trant Post Office Building".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
5/15/2012
112-115 H.R. 3004 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 260 California Drive in Yountville, California, as the "Private First Class Alejandro R. Ruiz Post Office Building".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
5/15/2012
112-116 H.R. 3246 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 15455 Manchester Road in Ballwin, Missouri, as the "Specialist Peter J. Navarro Post Office Building".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
5/15/2012
112-117 H.R. 3247 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 1100 Town and Country Commons in Chesterfield, Missouri, as the "Lance Corporal Matthew P. Pathenos Post Office Building".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
5/15/2012
112-118 H.R. 3248 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 112 South 5th Street in Saint Charles, Missouri, as the "Lance Corporal Drew W. Weaver Post Office Building".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
5/15/2012
112-119 S. 1302 A bill to authorize the Administrator of General Services to convey a parcel of real property in Tracy, California, to the City of Tracy.
CRS summary.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 7/22/11.
S. 1302 would direct the General Services Administration (GSA) to sell about 150 acres of undeveloped land in Tracy, California. The legislation would require the city to pay GSA the fair market value of the land’s highest and best use as determined by GSA. Proceeds from the sale would be deposited in the Federal Building Fund and available to GSA, subject to future appropriation. According to information from GSA and the city of Tracy, the 150 acres described in S. 1302 is part of a 200-acre conveyance made from the federal government to the city in 1998. The 1998 conveyance required that the parcel be used for recreational or educational purposes. In 2007, the city concluded that recreational uses for the property were not viable and would like to enter into an agreement with an energy company to install solar power equipment on the site. CBO estimates that enacting this legislation would have no significant net impact on the federal budget because we expect that the conveyance will happen in the absence of this legislation within the next 10 years. Enacting S. 1302 could affect direct spending, but CBO estimates that the net effects would not be significant over the 2012-2021 period. Enacting S. 1302 would not affect revenues. Under current law, GSA is authorized to sell properties that the agency has conveyed to nonfederal entities. Enacting S. 1302 may change the timing of the sale of the 150 acres to the city, but not the amount of proceeds the government will receive.
Senate Report 112-40.
Legislation summary.
5/15/2012
112-120 H.R. 4045 To modify the Department of Defense Program Guidance relating to the award of Post-Deployment/Mobilization Respite Absence administrative absence days to members of the reserve components to exempt any member whose qualified mobilization commenced before October 1, 2011, and continued on or after that date, from the changes to the program guidance that took effect on that date.
CRS summary.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
5/25/2012
Public Law Bill Description Date Signed
112-121 H.R. 4967 "Temporary Bankruptcy Judgeships Extension Act of 2012"
To prevent the termination of the temporary office of bankruptcy judges in certain judicial districts.
CRS summary.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
5/25/2012
112-122 H.R. 2072 "Export-Import Bank Reauthorization Act of 2012"
To reauthorize the Export-Import Bank of the United States, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
Note: Original short title was "Securing American Jobs Through Exports Act of 2011"
CBO Estimate, 8/1/11.
H.R. 2072 would extend through 2015 (an additional 4 years) the authority of the Export-Import Bank of the United States (Ex-Im) to provide loans and insurance to finance exports of U.S. products and services. The bill also would gradually raise to $160 billion the total amount of insurance, loan guarantees, and loans that Ex-Im can have outstanding at any time. Finally, it would prohibit the bank from doing business with entities who cannot certify that neither they nor their business partners or affiliates have engaged in certain business dealings with Iran. CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would increase spending by about $170 million over the 2012-2016 period, assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts. This legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues.
House Report 112-201.
Legislation summary.
5/30/2012
112-123 H.R. 5740 "National Flood Insurance Program Extension Act"
To extend the National Flood Insurance Program, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (NFIA) to extend the National Flood Insurance Program, including its funding, through July 31, 2012. Increases by 25% each year the chargeable risk premium rate for flood insurance for residential property which is not the primary residence of an individual until the average risk premium rate for such property is equal to the average of the risk premium rates for any properties within any single risk classification.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
5/31/2012
112-124 H.R. 2415 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 11 Dock Street in Pittston, Pennsylvania, as the "Trooper Joshua D. Miller Post Office Building".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
6/5/2012
112-125 H.R. 3220 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 170 Evergreen Square SW in Pine City, Minnesota, as the "Master Sergeant Daniel L. Fedder Post Office".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
6/5/2012
112-126 H.R. 3413 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 1449 West Avenue in Bronx, New York, as the "Private Isaac T. Cortes Post Office".
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
6/5/2012
112-127 H.R. 4119 "Border Tunnel Prevention Act of 2012"
To reduce the trafficking of drugs and to prevent human smuggling across the Southwest Border by deterring the construction and use of border tunnels.
CRS summary.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 3/12/12.
CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 4119 would have no significant cost to the federal government. Enacting the bill could affect direct spending and revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. However, CBO estimates that any effects would be insignificant for each year. H.R. 4119 would establish a new federal crime relating to the unlawful construction or use of an underground tunnel between the United States and other countries. As a result, the government might be able to pursue criminal cases that it otherwise would not be able to prosecute. CBO expects that H.R. 4119 would apply to a relatively small number of additional offenders, however, so any increase in costs for law enforcement, court proceedings, or prison operations would not be significant. Any such costs would be subject to the availability of appropriated funds. In addition, H.R. 4119 would require the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to submit annual reports to the Congress relating to investigations of unlawful tunnels between Mexico and the United States. Based on the costs of similar activities, CBO estimates that preparing the reports would not significantly affect DHS spending from appropriated funds. Because those prosecuted and convicted under H.R. 4119 could be subject to criminal fines, the federal government might collect additional fines if the legislation is enacted. Criminal fines are recorded as revenues, deposited in the Crime Victims Fund, and later spent. CBO expects that any additional revenues and direct spending would not be significant because of the small number of cases likely to be affected.
House Report 112-418, Part 1.
Legislation summary.
6/5/2012
112-128 H.R. 4849 "Sequoia and King Canyon National Parks Backcountry Access Act"
To direct the Secretary of the Interior to issue commercial use authorizations to commercial stock operators for operations in designated wilderness within the Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
6/5/2012
112-129 H.R. 2947 To provide for the release of the reversionary interest held by the United States in certain land conveyed by the United States in 1950 for the establishment of an airport in Cook County, Minnesota.
CRS summary.
Directs the Secretary of Agriculture to release, without consideration, specified conditions (including the reversionary interest retained by the United States) on the use of certain land conveyed to the state of Minnesota for the establishment of an airport in Cook County, Minnesota.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 3/13/12.
H.R. 2947 would remove certain use restrictions from land that was conveyed by the federal government to the state of Minnesota in 1950. Under current law, if the land is not used for purposes related to the operation of Cook County Airport, it must be returned to the United States. Based on information provided by managers of the Cook County Airport, CBO expects that, under current law, the affected lands would be retained by the airport. Therefore, we estimate that implementing the legislation would have no impact on the federal budget. Enacting H.R. 2947 would not affect direct spending or revenues.
House Report 112-441.
Legislation summary.
6/8/2012
112-130 H.R. 3992 To allow otherwise eligible Israeli nationals to receive E-2 nonimmigrant visas if similarly situated United States nationals are eligible for similar nonimmigrant status in Israel.
CRS summary.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 3/7/12.
H.R. 3992 would permit nationals of Israel to enter the United States temporarily under the E-2 visa program if Israel extends reciprocal treatment to U.S. nationals. Enacting H.R. 3992 would affect direct spending; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. However, CBO estimates that the net effects would be insignificant for each year and over the 2012-2022 period. Enacting the bill would not affect revenues. The E-2 visa allows nonimmigrant investors to enter the United States temporarily to oversee a business in which they have made a significant investment. Under the bill, if an Israeli national applied for the E-2 visa, the Department of State would charge a $390 fee to cover the cost of adjudicating the application and processing the visa. Israeli nationals are already eligible for a similar visa category—the E-1 visa for nonimmigrant traders. Based on information from the Department of State about the number of Israeli citizens who received E-1 visas and the ratio of E-2 to E-1 visas in countries comparable to Israel, CBO expects that under the bill the department would issue about 500 additional E-2 visas each year and collect about $200,000 in additional fees annually. The department is authorized to collect and spend such fees without further appropriation, so the net impact on federal spending would not be significant.
House Report 112-410.
Legislation summary.
6/8/2012
112-131 H.R. 4097 "John F. Kennedy Center Reauthorization Act of 2012"
To amend the John F. Kennedy Center Act to authorize appropriations for the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 3/21/12.
H.R. 4097 would authorize a total of $72 million to be appropriated for fiscal years 2013 and 2014 for the Kennedy Center’s maintenance, repair, and security and for capital projects for the center. In addition, the bill would authorize the construction of an expansion project at the center that would be financed with nonappropriated funds. Assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 4097 would cost $71 million over the 2013-2017 period. This legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues.
House Report 112-457.
Legislation summary.
6/8/2012
112-132 S. 3261 A bill to allow the Chief of the Forest Service to award certain contracts for large air tankers.
CRS summary.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
6/13/2012
112-133 S. 292 "Salmon Lake Land Selection Resolution Act"
A bill to resolve the claims of the Bering Straits Native Corporation and the State of Alaska to land adjacent to Salmon Lake in the State of Alaska and to provide for the conveyance to the Bering Straits Native Corporation of certain other public land in partial satisfaction of the land entitlement of the Corporation under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act.
CRS summary.
Ratifies the Salmon Lake Area Land Ownership Consolidation Agreement, which was executed between the United States, the state of Alaska, and the Bering Straits Native Corporation on July 18, 2007.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 3/8/12.
S. 292 would ratify the Salmon Lake Area Land Ownership Consolidation Agreement that was signed by the federal government, the state of Alaska and the Bering Straits Native Corporation (a native-owned regional corporation established to administer land given to Alaska Natives under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act) in 2007. That agreement was to settle a land dispute. Based on information from the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), CBO expects that enacting the legislation would increase offsetting receipts (a credit against direct spending) in 2013; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. CBO estimates, however, that such effects would be insignificant. The act would not affect revenues.
Senate Report 112-52.
House Report 112-428.
Legislation summary.
6/15/2012
112-134 S. 363 A bill to authorize the Secretary of Commerce to convey property of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to the City of Pascagoula, Mississippi, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 5/11/12.
S. 363 would authorize the Secretary of Commerce to convey less than 1 acre of land administered by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to the city of Pascagoula, Mississippi. The bill would require the city to provide consideration to the federal government in the form of land, cash, or services in an amount equal to the fair market value of the federal land that would be conveyed. Based on information provided by NOAA, CBO expects that the city would convey land to the federal government as the primary form of consideration. CBO estimates that implementing S. 363 would have no significant impact on the federal budget. Enacting the legislation could increase offsetting receipts (a credit against direct spending) if the city of Pascagoula provided cash in exchange for the federal land; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. However, CBO estimates that any such impact would be negligible. Implementing S. 363 would not affect revenues.
Senate Report 112-133.
House Report 112-502.
Legislation summary.
6/15/2012
112-135 H.R. 5883 To make a technical correction in Public Law 112-108.
CRS summary.
Amends P.L. 112-108 to change the street number of the post office designated as the "Specialist Micheal E. Phillips Post Office" from 115 4th Avenue Southwest to 208 1st Avenue Southwest in Ardmore, Oklahoma.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
6/21/2012
112-136 H.R. 5890 To correct a technical error in Public Law 112-122.
CRS summary.
Makes a technical correction to P.L. 112-122 (Export-Import Bank Reauthorization Act of 2012).
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
6/21/2012
112-137 S. 404 A bill to modify a land grant patent issued by the Secretary of the Interior.
CRS summary.
Instructs the Secretary of the Interior to modify a land grant patent issued to the Great Lakes Shipwreck Historical Society, Chippewa County, Michigan.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 3/5/12.
S. 404 would amend an existing land grant patent to ratify a change in the use of the Whitefish Point Light Station in Michigan and related property covered by that patent. (A land grant patent is a method of conveying ownership of land.) Based on information provided by the Department of the Interior, CBO estimates that implementing S. 404 would have no effect on the federal budget. The ratification would enable development plans for the property to go forward, but those plans do not involve federal spending. The Light Station was conveyed by the federal government to two nonprofit organizations in 1996. Enacting S. 404 would not affect direct spending or revenues.
Senate Report 112-56.
House Report 112-433.
Legislation summary.
6/27/2012
112-138 S. 684 A bill to provide for the conveyance of certain parcels of land to the town of Alta, Utah.
CRS summary.
Directs the Secretary of Agriculture to convey to the town of Alta, Utah, all interest of the United States in and to parcels of National Forest System land in the Wasatch-Cache National Forest in Salt Lake County, Utah.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 3/5/12.
S. 684 would direct the Secretary of Agriculture to convey, without consideration, certain lands in Utah to the town of Alta. Based on information from the Forest Service, CBO estimates that enacting the legislation would have no significant impact on the federal budget. CBO expects that enacting the legislation would increase direct spending; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. We estimate, however, that such effects would be negligible. Enacting the legislation would not affect revenues. Under current law, the Forest Service receives payments totaling less than $20,000 per year for easements on the affected lands. Under S. 684, those lands would be conveyed to Alta, Utah. Thus, CBO estimates that enacting the legislation would reduce offsetting receipts (a credit against direct spending) by less than $200,000 over the 2012-2022 period. Because the act would require the town to pay the administrative costs associated with the land conveyance, CBO estimates that implementing S. 684 would not have a significant impact on spending subject to appropriation.
Senate Report 112-61.
House Report 112-434.
Legislation summary.
6/27/2012
112-139 S. 997 "East Bench Irrigation District Water Contract Extension Act"
A bill to authorize the Secretary of the Interior to extend a water contract between the United States and the East Bench Irrigation District.
CRS summary.
Authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to extend a contract for water services between the United States and the East Bench Irrigation District for four years.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 6/13/12.
S. 997 would authorize the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Bureau of Reclamation, to extend the water contract between the United States and the East Bench Irrigation District for four years or until a new long-term contract is executed, whichever is earlier. Based on information from the Bureau of Reclamation, CBO estimates that enacting the legislation would have no impact on the federal budget. Enacting S. 997 would not affect revenues or direct spending; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply. The Bureau of Reclamation supplies irrigation water from the Clark Canyon Dam and Reservoir project to the East Bench Irrigation District under an interim contract negotiated in 2006 after the original contract expired. When confirmed by a Montana district court, the 2006 contract will become the long-term contract. Payments to the federal government under the 2006 contract are about $115,000 annually, including reimbursement for operations and maintenance costs. Enacting S. 997 would not affect those annual payments.
Senate Report 112-65.
House Report 112-527.
Legislation summary.
6/27/2012
112-140 H.R. 6064 "Temporary Surface Transportation Extension Act of 2012"
To provide an extension of Federal-aid highway, highway safety, motor carrier safety, transit, and other programs funded out of the Highway Trust Fund pending enactment of a multiyear law reauthorizing such programs.
CRS summary.
Continues through July 6, 2012, the following:
- Federal-Aid Highway Programs
- Extension of Highway Safety Programs
- Public Transportation Programs
- Highway Trust Fund
Also, authorizes the Secretary of Education to delay the origination and disbursement of Direct Stafford loans to undergraduate students until enactment of MAP-21.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
6/29/2012
Public Law Bill Description Date Signed
112-141 H.R. 4348 "Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21) Act"
An act to authorize funds for Federal-aid highways, highway safety programs, and transit programs, and for other purposes.
Includes:"America Fast Forward Financing Innovation Act of 2012"; "Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012"; "COASTAL Act of 2012"; "Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Enhancement Act of 2012"; "Consumer Option for an Alternative System to Allocate Losses Act of 2012"; "Federal Public Transportation Act of 2012"; "Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety Improvement Act of 2012"; "Highway Investment, Job Creation, and Economic Growth Act of 2012"; "Mariah's Act"; "Motor Vehicle and Highway Safety Improvement Act of 2012"; "Motorcoach Enhanced Safety Act of 2012"; "Resources and Ecosystems Sustainability, Tourist Opportunities, and Revived Economies of the Gulf Coast States Act of 2012"; "Safe Roads Act of 2012"; "Sport Fish Restoration and Recreational Boating Safety Act of 2012"; "Surface Transportation Extension Act of 2012, Part II"; "Transportation Research and Innovative Technology Act of 2012"
CRS summary.
Title I: Surface Transportation Extension
- Subtitle A: Federal-Aid Highways
- Subtitle B: Extension of Highway Safety Programs
- Subtitle C: Public Transportation Programs
- Subtitle D: Highway Trust Fund Extension
Title II: Keystone XL Pipeline - North American Energy Access Act
Title III: Restore Act - Resources and Ecosystems Sustainability, Tourist Opportunities, and Revived Economies of the Gulf Coast States Act of 2012
Title IV: Harbor Maintenance Programs
Title V: Coal Combustion Residuals
Title: VI: Environmental Streamlining
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 6/29/12 (corrected 7/3/12).
The Congressional Budget Office has reviewed the conference report for H.R. 4348, MAP-21, as posted on the Web site of the House Committee on Rules on June 28, 2012. CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 4348 would reduce budget deficits over the 2012-2022 period by $16.3 billion. That figure does not include effects that may be counted for budget enforcement purposes in the House of Representatives. Specifically, the House-passed budget resolution calls for counting transfers from the general fund of the Treasury to the Highway Trust Fund as new spending.
Major provisions of the legislation that would affect the budget would:
- Reauthorize, through fiscal year 2014, the surface transportation programs administered by the Federal-Aid Highway Administration, the Federal Transit Administration, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, and certain programs administered by the Pipelines and Hazardous Materials Administration;
- Establish the Gulf Coast Restoration Trust Fund and require that 80 percent of any administrative and civil penalties paid to the federal government under the Clean Water Act in connection with the April 2010 explosion at the Deepwater Horizon facility in the Gulf of Mexico be deposited into that trust fund and made available to be spent;
- Change the interest rate that pension plans use to measure their liabilities, increase pension premium rates for both variable and flat rate premiums paid to the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation, and establish a cap on the variable rate premium;
- Provide payments to certain states by reauthorizing the Secure Rural Schools and Payments In Lieu of Taxes programs;
- Allow eligible federal employees to enter into a phased retirement, during which they continue to work part time while drawing a partial salary and a partial civil service retirement annuity;
- Reduce the additional Medicaid payments to Louisiana that it will receive based on prior declarations of federal disasters;
- Repeal a requirement that the Department of Transportation reimburse the difference in cost between shipping foreign food aid on a U.S.-flag ship and a foreign-flag ship;
- Reduce mandatory payments to states that have completed certain reclamation projects on land formerly used for mining;
- Reauthorize the National Flood Insurance Program through 2017 and increase premiums for some subsidized policies;
- Retain an interest rate of 3.4 percent on all new subsidized student loans until June 30, 2013, and change the interest the federal government pays on behalf of some borrowers who are attending school; and
- Raise additional revenue by increasing the ability of businesses with excess assets in their pension funds to use them for retiree health and life insurance benefits, and by defining businesses that make roll-your-own machines available for consumer use as tobacco manufacturers.
CBO estimates that implementing the legislation also would lead to discretionary spending of $95.9 billion over the 2013-2017 period (see Table 2); such spending would be subject to future appropriation actions. Of that amount, the spending on transportation programs would total $94.3 billion, which reflects estimated obligation levels for 2013 and 2014 that are approximately equal to the obligation levels for 2012, adjusted for inflation.
In addition, CBO estimates that implementing provisions of the conference report for the remainder of 2012, 2013, and 2014 would result in an end-of-year balance in 2014 of approximately $4 billion in the highway account of the Highway Trust Fund and about$1 billion in the transit account of the Highway Trust Fund. Table 3 provides a projection of future spending, revenues, and remaining balances in the Highway Trust Fund over the next 10 years.
Conference Report 112-557.
Legislation summary.
7/6/2012
112-142 H.R. 33 "Church Plan Investment Clarification Act"
To amend the Securities Act of 1933 to specify when certain securities issued in connection with church plans are treated as exempted securities for purposes of that Act.
CRS summary.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 6/30/11.
H.R. 33 would amend the Securities and Exchange Act of 1933 to allow churches to invest pension funds in certain investment vehicles, known as collective trust funds (CTFs), that are offered by banks and trust companies. Under current law, CTFs are exempt from requirements to register with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) as long as the CTF accepts investments only from certain eligible employee-benefit plans. H.R. 33 would add church pension plans to the group of plans that would be eligible to participate in a CTF. CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 33 would affect federal spending subject to appropriation, but because the bill would have a negligible impact on the SEC’s workload, such effects would not be significant. Enacting H.R. 33 would not affect direct spending or revenues.
House Report 112-131.
Legislation summary.
7/9/2012
112-143 H.R. 2297 To promote the development of the Southwest waterfront in the District of Columbia, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 12/20/11.
H.R. 2297 would amend the District of Columbia Official Code to transfer all federal right, title, and interest in the Southwest waterfront area to the District of Columbia. The legislation would authorize the District of Columbia to lease or sell the site, expand the District’s authority to manage the Maine Avenue Fish Market, and allow the Maine Lobsterman Memorial to be moved to another location. Information from the National Park Service and the National Capital Planning Commission indicates that the property that would be transferred is not being used by the federal government, and no income is generated from it under current law. Thus, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 2297 would have no significant effect on the federal budget. Enacting the legislation would not affect revenues or direct spending.
House Report 112-154.
Legislation summary.
7/9/2012
112-144 S. 3187 "Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act"
A bill to amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to revise and extend the user-fee programs for prescription drugs and medical devices, to establish user-fee programs for generic drugs and biosimilars, and for other purposes.
Includes:
"Biosimilar User Fee Act of 2012"; "Generic Drug User Fee Amendments of 2012"; "Medical Device User Fee Amendments of 2012"; "Prescription Drug User Fee Amendments of 2012"; "Synthetic Drug Abuse Prevention Act of 2012"
CRS summary.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 6/19/12.
S. 3187, with the proposed amendment, would modify how the Food and Drug Administration regulates drugs and devices in a broad range of areas. Several provisions would affect when lower-priced drugs enter the market. Changing the timing of availability of lower-priced drugs affects spending in federal health programs that pay for prescription drugs and biological products. It would also reduce the costs of health insurance plans and thus reduce federal subsidies for health insurance purchased through an exchange. On net, the legislation would result in a reduction in the deficit of $113 million over the 2012-2017 period, which is the sum of a reduction in direct spending of $112 million and an increase in revenues of $1 million. Similarly, the 10-year net reduction in deficits of $311 million is the sum of a reduction in direct spending of $307 million and an increase in revenues of $4 million.
Legislation summary.
7/9/2012
112-145 H.R. 3902 "District of Columbia Special Election Reform Act"
To amend the District of Columbia Home Rule Act to revise the timing of special elections for local office in the District of Columbia.
CRS summary.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 4/27/12.
CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 3902 would have no effect on the federal budget. The bill would change the period of time during which the Board of Elections of the District of Columbia is required by law to hold a special election to fill a vacancy in the following positions: Chairman of the Council, Council Member, Mayor, and Attorney General. H.R. 3902 would not affect direct spending or revenues.
Senate Report 112-186.
Legislation summary.
7/18/2012
112-146 S. 2061 "Former Charleston Naval Base Land Exchange Act of 2012"
A bill to provide for an exchange of land between the Department of Homeland Security and the South Carolina State Ports Authority.
CRS summary.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 5/3/12.
S. 2061 would authorize the exchange of about 10 acres of land located on the former U.S. Naval Base Complex in Charleston, South Carolina, and controlled by the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) for about 25 acres of land that is owned by the South Carolina State Ports Authority (SCSPA). The exchange would allow FLETC to control parts of the training facility currently owned by SCSPA and would provide property for SCSPA to expand the size of the port facility. Based on information from FLETC and SCSPA, CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would have some small administrative costs to carry out the exchange, but such costs would not be significant. Enacting the legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues.
Legislation summary.
7/18/2012
112-147 H.R. 4155 "Veteran Skills to Jobs Act"
To direct the head of each Federal department and agency to treat relevant military training as sufficient to satisfy training or certification requirements for Federal licenses.
CRS summary.
Directs the head of each federal licensing authority to consider, and authorizes such official to accept, any relevant training received by an individual while serving as a member of the Armed Forces for the purpose of satisfying the license requirements.
CBO Estimate, 7/2/12.
H.R. 4155 would allow federal agencies to consider certain types of military training to be sufficient to satisfy training or certification requirements that an individual may need to obtain a federal license. Examples of such licenses include positions in the aviation and maritime industries. Information from the Department of Transportation indicates that this legislation would expand the department’s current programs to assist veterans but would not significantly change its workload. Thus, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 4155 would have no significant effect on the federal budget. Enacting the legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues.
House Report 112-585.
Legislation summary.
7/23/2012
112-148 H.R. 3001 "Raoul Wallenberg Centennial Celebration Act"
To award a Congressional Gold Medal to Raoul Wallenberg, in recognition of his achievements and heroic actions during the Holocaust.
CRS summary.
Directs the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President pro tempore of the Senate to arrange for the presentation on behalf of Congress of a gold medal of appropriate design to the next of kin or personal representative of Raoul Wallenberg in recognition of his achievements and heroic actions during the Holocaust.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
7/26/2012
112-149 S. 2009 "Insular Areas Act of 2011"
A bill to improve the administration of programs in the insular areas, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the Compact of Free Association Amendments Act of 2003 to direct the Secretary of Energy (DOE), beginning on January 1, 2012, to periodically conduct: (1) a visual study of the concrete exterior of the Cactus Crater containment structure on Runit Island, and (2) a radiochemical analysis of the groundwater surrounding and in such structure. Requires the Secretary to submit to the House Committee on Natural Resources and the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources a report containing a description of the results of the study and analysis and a determination of any significant change in the health risks to the people of Enewetak (atoll in Marshall Islands) from the contaminants within such structure. Directs the Secretary of the Interior to make funds available to DOE to conduct such analyses.
Amends the federal judicial code to allow the temporary assignment of a magistrate or territorial judge as a judge of any duly constituted court of the freely associated compact states.
Amends the Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2007 to: (1) require increases in the minimum wage in American Samoa to be made on a triennial basis (currently, increases are made annually); (2) disallow any increase in 2012, 2013, and 2014; and (3) delay the subsequent reports of the Government Accountability Office (GAO) on the impact of minimum wage increases until April 1, 2014, and every three years thereafter (currently, April 1, 2013, and every two years thereafter).
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
7/26/2012
112-150 S. 2165 "United States-Israel Enhanced Security Cooperation Act of 2012"
A bill to enhance strategic cooperation between the United States and Israel, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
States that it is U.S. policy to: (1) reaffirm the commitment to Israel's security as a Jewish state, (2) support Israel's right to self-defense and help Israel preserve its qualitative military edge, (3) expand military and civilian cooperation, (4) assist in a negotiated settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict that results in two states living side-by-side in peace and security, and (5) veto any one-sided anti-Israel U.N. Security Council resolutions.
Expresses the sense of Congress that the United States should take specified actions to assist in Israel's defense, including: (1) enhancing development and production of joint missile defense systems, (2) providing appropriate defense articles and services, (3) strengthening security initiatives and bilateral training exercises, and (4) encouraging an expanded role for Israel with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
Amends the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2005 to extend authority to transfer certain obsolete or surplus Department of Defense (DOD) items to Israel. Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to extend authority to make additions to foreign-based defense stockpiles. Amends the Emergency Wartime Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2003 to extend specified loan guarantee authority to Israel.
Directs the President to submit reports to Congress regarding: (1) the status of Israel's qualitative military edge; (2) actions that could improve the process related to Israel's purchase of F-35 aircraft; (3) cooperation between the United States and Israel in homeland security, counter-terrorism, maritime security, energy, cyber-security, and other related areas; and (4) actions to integrate Israel into the defense of the Eastern Mediterranean.
CBO Estimate, 6/28/12.
S. 2165 would extend programs to provide assistance to Israel and require the President to report to the Congress on aspects of our relationship with that country. CBO estimates that implementing the bill would not have a significant impact on the federal budget. Pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply to this legislation because it would not affect direct spending or revenues. Section 6 would require three reports on various aspects of the U.S.-Israel relationship. CBO estimates that providing those reports would cost less than $500,000 over the 2013-2017 period, assuming the availability of appropriations. Section 5(a) would extend through August 2014 the President’s authority to transfer to Israel obsolete or surplus defense articles in the U.S. War Reserve Stockpile for Allies in Israel. Such transfers may be made in return for concessions to be negotiated by the Department of Defense (DoD), such as cash, services, waiver of charges otherwise payable by the United States, or other items of value. DoD has indicated that transfers to Israel in recent years have been paid for using funds that Israel receives under the Foreign Military Financing program rather than negotiating concessions. CBO expects that this practice is likely to continue. The transportation, storage, and maintenance costs associated with any transfers would be borne by Israel. Finally, section 5(b) would extend through 2015 the availability of existing appropriations to guarantee loans of up to $3.8 billion to Israel. Israel pays an up-front fee to cover the expected subsidy costs of those loan guarantees. Thus, CBO expects that if the authority were used to guarantee any new loans, it would have no budgetary effect.
Senate Report 112-179.
Legislation summary.
7/27/2012
112-151 H.R. 205 "Helping Expedite and Advance Responsible Tribal Home Ownership (HEARTH) Act of 2011"
To amend the Act titled "An Act to authorize the leasing of restricted Indian lands for public, religious, educational, recreational, residential, business, and other purposes requiring the grant of long-term leases", approved August 9, 1955, to provide for Indian tribes to enter into certain leases without prior express approval from the Secretary of the Interior, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Extends to any Indian tribe the discretion granted under current law only to the Navajo Nation to lease restricted lands for business, agricultural, public, religious, educational, recreational, or residential purposes without the approval of the Secretary of the Interior. (The Secretary must still approve the tribal regulations under which those leases are executed and mining leases still require the Secretary's approval.)
Sets forth the environmental review process required under tribal lease regulations before those regulations obtain the Secretary's approval. Requires the process to identify and evaluate any significant effects a proposed lease may have on the environment and allow public comment on those effects. Authorizes the Secretary to provide a tribe, upon the tribe's request, with technical assistance in developing a regulatory environmental review process.
Allows tribes to rely on a federal environmental review process rather than the tribal environmental review process if the project under review is federally funded.
Directs the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) to report to Congress on the history and experience of Indian tribes that have chosen to assume the BIA's responsibility for operating the Indian Land Title and Records Office.
CBO Estimate, 12/16/11.
H.R. 205 would allow Indian tribes to enter into certain leases of trust lands without approval from the Bureau of Indian Affiars (BIA). (Trust lands are tribally owned lands that are legally held by the federal government for the benefit of tribal governments or individual tribal members.) Based on information from the Department of the Interior, CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would have no significant effect on the federal budget. Enacting H.R. 205 would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply. Under current law, most tribes can lease trust lands to certain entities for up to 25 years, subject to the approval of BIA. Under the bill, tribes could enter into leases without BIA approval if those leases were subject to tribal regulations approved by the agency. Any lease granted under that authority would be limited to 25 years for agricultural use and business purposes and 75 years for other purposes. Any lease involving the exploration for or extraction of natural resources would still require approval from BIA. H.R. 205 would also authorize the Secretary of the Interior to provide technical assistance for the environmental review process. CBO expects that those provisions would have a negligible effect on BIA’s workload.
House Report 112-427.
Legislation summary.
7/30/2012
112-152 H.R. 2527 "National Baseball Hall of Fame Commemorative Coin Act"
To require the Secretary of the Treasury to mint coins in recognition and celebration of the National Baseball Hall of Fame.
CRS summary.
Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to mint and issue not more than 50,000 $5 gold coins, 400,000 $1 silver coins, and 750,000 half-dollar coins in recognition of the National Baseball Hall of Fame during the one-year period beginning on January 1, 2014.
Directs the Secretary to: (1) hold a competition to determine the design of the common obverse of the coins, with such design being emblematic of the game of baseball; and (2) determine compensation for the winning design, which shall be not less than $5,000 and which shall be taken into account when determining the sale price. Requires the design on the common reverse side to depict a baseball similar to those used by Major League Baseball.
Requires all sales of such coins to include specified surcharges, which shall be paid by the Secretary to the National Baseball Hall of Fame to help finance its operations after the total cost of designing and issuing the coins is recovered by the Treasury.
Directs the Secretary to ensure that minting and issuing coins under this Act will not result in any net cost to the U.S. government.
CBO Estimate, 7/22/11.
H.R. 2527 would authorize the U.S. Mint to produce a $5 gold coin, a $1 silver coin, and a half-dollar clad coin in calendar year 2015 to recognize and celebrate the National Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York. The legislation also would require a competition to design the obverse (front) of the coin. In addition, the legislation specifies a surcharge on the sales price of $35 for the gold coin, $10 for the silver coin, and $5 for the clad coin and would designate the National Baseball Hall of Fame, a nonprofit entity, to receive the income from the surcharges. Because the legislation would affect direct spending, pay-as-you-go procedures apply, but CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 2527 would have no significant net impact on such spending over the 2012-2021 period. Enacting the bill would not affect revenues and would not have any significant impact on spending subject to appropriation. H.R. 2527 would authorize the U.S. Mint to produce up to 50,000 gold coins, 400,000 silver coins, and 750 clad coins (coins made with layers of different metals).The Mint would be authorized to sell each coin in calendar year 2015 at a price equal to the cost of design and production plus a surcharge. CBO estimates receipts would total about $8 million. CBO expects that receipts from surcharges would be transferred to the National Baseball Hall of Fame to support its operations.
Legislation summary.
8/3/2012
112-153 S. 1335 "Pilot's Bill of Rights"
A bill to amend title 49, United States Code, to provide rights for pilots, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Requires National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) proceedings for the review of decisions of the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to deny, amend, modify, suspend, or revoke an airman's certificate to be conducted, to the extent practicable, in accordance with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and Federal Rules of Evidence.
Requires the Administrator to: (1) provide timely, written notification to the subject of an investigation involving the approval, denial, suspension, modification, or revocation of an airman certificate of specified information pertinent to the investigation; and (2) provide him or her with access to relevant air traffic data. Authorizes the Administrator to delay such notification if it threatens the integrity of the investigation.
Allows a substantially affected individual to elect to file an appeal of a certificate denial, a punitive civil action, or an emergency order of revocation in the U.S. district court in which individual resides, in which the action in question occurred, or the district court for the District of Columbia. Allows a substantially affected individual who elects not to file an appeal in a U.S. district court to file such appeal in the appropriate U.S. court of appeals.
Directs the Administrator to begin a Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) Improvement Program to improve the system of providing airmen with pertinent and timely information before a flight in the national airspace system. Requires the Administrator to establish a NOTAM Improvement Panel composed of representatives of relevant nonprofit and not-for-profit general aviation pilot groups to advise the Administrator in carrying out program goals.
Requires the Comptroller General to: (1) assess the FAA process for the medical certification of airmen; and (2) report to Congress on revisions to the medical application form, the alignment of medical qualification policies with present-day qualified medical judgment and practices, and steps that could be taken to promote the public's understanding of the medical requirements determining an airman's medical certificate eligibility.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
8/3/2012
112-154 H.R. 1627 "Honoring America's Veterans and Caring for Camp Lejeune Families Act of 2012"
A bill to amend title 38, United States Code, to furnish hospital care and medical services to veterans who were stationed at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, while the water was contaminated at Camp Lejeune, to improve the provision of housing assistance to veterans and their families, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Title I: Health Care Matters - "Janey Ensminger Act"
Title II: Housing Matters - "Andrew Connelly Veterans Housing Act"
Title III: Homeless Matters
Title IV: Education Matters
Title V: Benefits Matters
Title VI: Memorial, Burial, and Cemetery Matters
Title VII: Other Matters
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 6/28/12.
The legislation would provide health care benefits to certain veterans and their dependents who were stationed at Camp Lejeune, NC, as well as making several changes to housing, compensation, and education benefits provided by the Department of Veterans Affairs. Total cost is estimated at $401 Million for the period of 2013 - 2017 and $215 Million for the period of 2013 - 2022.
House Report 112-84, Part 1.
Legislation summary.
8/6/2012
112-155 H.R. 5872 "Sequestration Transparency Act of 2012"
To require the President to provide a report detailing the sequester required by the Budget Control Act of 2011 on January 2, 2013.
CRS summary.
Requires the President, within 30 days after the enactment of this Act, to submit to Congress a detailed report on the implementation of certain discretionary reductions (in security and nonsecurity categories) and nonexempt direct spending reductions in the sequestration ordered by the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act) for FY2013 on January 2, 2013.
(The Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act was amended by the Budget Control Act of 2011 (Public Law 112-25) to revise the discretionary spending limits and reduce the discretionary appropriations and direct spending specified in the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act unless a joint committee bill achieving an amount greater than $1.2 trillion in deficit reduction would be enacted by January 15, 2012.)
Requires the head of each executive agency, upon the request of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) (in assisting the President in preparation of the report), to provide to the Director promptly any information at the program, project, and activity level necessary for the Director to prepare the report.
CBO Estimate, 6/28/12.
H.R. 5872 would require the President to provide a detailed report to the Congress within 30 days of enactment regarding detailed plans for implementing the across-the-board spending cuts for fiscal year 2013 that are required under the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act. Under that act, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) will implement governmentwide spending cuts in 2013. The bill also would require federal agencies to provide OMB any necessary information. CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would have no significant impact on the federal budget because it would not significantly increase OMB’s workload under current law. Enacting the bill could affect direct spending by agencies not funded through annual appropriations, such as the Tennessee Valley Authority and the Bonneville Power Administration; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. CBO estimates, however, that any net increase in spending by those agencies would not be significant. Enacting H.R. 5872 would not affect revenues.
House Report 112-577.
Legislation summary.
8/7/2012
112-156 H.R. 1369 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 1021 Pennsylvania Avenue in Hartshorne, Oklahoma, as the "Warren Lindley Post Office".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 1021 Pennsylvania Avenue in Hartshorne, Oklahoma, as the "Warren Lindley Post Office."
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
8/10/2012
112-157 H.R. 1560 To amend the Ysleta del Sur Pueblo and Alabama and Coushatta Indian Tribes of Texas Restoration Act to allow the Ysleta del Sur Pueblo Tribe to determine blood quantum requirement for membership in that tribe.
CRS summary.
Amends the Ysleta del Sur Pueblo and Alabama and Coushatta Indian Tribes of Texas Restoration Act to revise tribal membership requirements to provide tribal membership to any person of Tigua Ysleta del Sur Pueblo Indian blood enrolled by the tribe.
CBO Estimate, 9/9/11, prepared for the House Committee on Natural Resources.
CBO Estimate, 7/10/12, prepared for the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs.
H.R. 1560 would amend the Ysleta del Sur Pueblo and Alabama and Coushatta Indian Tribes of Texas Restoration Act to eliminate the requirement that individuals have a blood quantum level of at least one-eighth to qualify for tribal membership. This legislation would allow the Ysleta del Sur Pueblo tribe to establish its own blood quantum requirement for determining membership. Based on information from the Department of the Interior, the Indian Health Service, and members of the Ysleta del Sur Pueblo tribe, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 1560 would have no significant impact on the federal budget. Federal agencies currently provide services to all of the Ysleta del Sur Pueblo Indians who would become tribal members under H.R. 1560 because those agencies do not restrict services based on tribal membership established under the Ysleta del Sur Pueblo and Alabama and Coushatta Indian Tribes of Texas Restoration Act. Enacting the legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply. On September 9, 2011, CBO transmitted a cost estimate for H.R. 1560 as ordered reported by the House Committee on Natural Resources on July 20, 2011. The two versions of the legislation are similar and the CBO cost estimates are the same.
House Report 112-222.
Legislation summary.
8/10/2012
112-158 H.R. 1905 "Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012"
To strengthen Iran sanctions laws for the purpose of compelling Iran to abandon its pursuit of nuclear weapons and other threatening activities, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Title I: Expansion of Multilateral Sanctions Regime with Respect to Iran
Title II: Expansion of Sanctions Relating to the Energy Sector of Iran and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction by Iran
- Subtitle A: Expansion of Iran Sanctions Act of 1996
- Subtitle B: Additional Measures Relating to Sanctions Against Iran
Title III: Sanctions with Respect to Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps
- Subtitle A: Identification of, and Sanctions with Respect to, Officials, Agents, Affiliates, and Supporters of Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps and Other Sanctioned Persons
- Subtitle B: Additional Measures Relating to Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps
Title IV: Measures Relating to Human Rights Abuses in Iran
- Subtitle A: Expansion of Sanctions Relating to Human Rights Abuses in Iran
- Subtitle B: Additional Measures to Promote Human Rights
Title V: Miscellaneous
Title VI: General Provisions
Title VII: Sanctions with Respect to Human Rights Abuses in Syria - "Syria Human Rights Accountability Act of 2012"
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 12/13/11.
H.R. 1905 would amend and expand existing sanctions against Iran. The bill would authorize assistance to promote democracy, Internet freedom, and access to information in Iran. The Near East Regional Democracy fund currently supports such initiatives; its funding was $35 million in 2011, and the President has requested the same amount for 2012. After adjusting that amount for anticipated inflation, CBO estimates that providing the authorized assistance would cost $115 million over the 2012-2016 period, assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts. Other provisions would increase administrative costs of the Department of State, Department of the Treasury, International Trade Administration, and Securities and Exchange Commission; CBO estimates that implementing those provisions would have a discretionary cost of $13 million over the 2012-2016, assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts. Therefore, CBO estimates that implementing the bill would have a total discretionary cost of $128 million over the 2012-2016 period, assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts.
In addition, enacting the bill would increase revenues by $57 million over the 2012-2021 period and have insignificant effects on direct spending; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. The bill would establish minimum penalties for violations of trade sanctions that would be higher than the penalties imposed under current law. Based on data from the Treasury Department's Office of Financial Assets Control, CBO estimates that increasing those penalties would increase revenues by $11 million over the 2012-2016 period and $57 million over the 2012-2021 period.
The sanctions contained in H.R. 1905 would be intergovernmental and private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA). By requiring the President to impose new sanctions related to the development of Iran’s refined petroleum resources, and expanding the scope of entities that may be affected by those sanctions, this legislation would impose intergovernmental and private-sector mandates as defined in UMRA. The bill would impose new prohibitions on financial transactions and other activities that may aid Iran in producing and transporting refined oil products and increase the number of entities responsible for complying with new and existing sanctions. The cost of complying with the mandates would depend on how the sanctions would be implemented. Therefore, CBO cannot determine whether the aggregate cost of the mandates would exceed the annual threshold established in UMRA for private-sector mandates ($142 million in 2011, adjusted annually for inflation). CBO expects few public entities would be affected and estimates that the aggregate cost of intergovernmental mandates would probably fall below the threshold established in UMRA ($71 million in 2011, adjusted annually for inflation).
Legislation summary.
8/10/2012
112-159 H.R. 3276 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 2810 East Hillsborough Avenue in Tampa, Florida, as the "Reverend Abe Brown Post Office Building".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 2810 East Hillsborough Avenue in Tampa, Florida, as the "Reverend Abe Brown Post Office Building."
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
8/10/2012
Public Law Bill Description Date Signed
112-160 H.R. 3412 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 1421 Veterans Memorial Drive in Abbeville, Louisiana, as the "Sergeant Richard Franklin Abshire Post Office Building".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 1421 Veterans Memorial Drive in Abbeville, Louisiana, as the "Sergeant Richard Franklin Abshire Post Office Building."
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
8/10/2012
112-161 H.R. 3501 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 125 Kerr Avenue in Rome City, Indiana, as the "SPC Nicholas Scott Hartge Post Office".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 125 Kerr Avenue in Rome City, Indiana, as the "SPC Nicholas Scott Hartge Post Office."
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
8/10/2012
112-162 H.R. 3772 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 150 South Union Street in Canton, Mississippi, as the "First Sergeant Landres Cheeks Post Office Building".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 150 South Union Street in Canton, Mississippi, as the "First Sergeant Landres Cheeks Post Office Building."
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
8/10/2012
112-163 H.R. 5986 To amend the African Growth and Opportunity Act to extend the third-country fabric program and to add South Sudan to the list of countries eligible for designation under that Act, to make technical corrections to the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States relating to the textile and apparel rules of origin for the Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement, to approve the renewal of import restrictions contained in the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act of 2003, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the African Growth and Opportunity Act to extend through FY2015 the third-country fabric rule granting duty-free treatment of apparel articles wholly assembled, or knit-to-shape and wholly assembled, or both, in one or more lesser developed beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries, regardless of the country of origin of the fabric or the yarn used to make such articles. Revises the term "sub-Saharan African country" to include the Republic of South Sudan (South Sudan) under such Act.
Amends the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States to modify textile and apparel rules of origin for the Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR).
Amends the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act of 2003 to renew, for three years, the President's authority to ban the import of Burmese products. Approves the renewal of certain import restrictions contained in the Act. Deems this resolution a renewal resolution which shall take effect upon its enactment or July 26, 2012, whichever occurs first.
Amends the Internal Revenue Code to require estimated tax payments which are otherwise due in the third quarter of 2017 for corporations with assets of at least $1 billion to be 100.25% of such amount. Requires the next required installment to be appropriately reduced to reflect the amount of this increase.
Amends the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 to extend certain customs users fees for the processing of merchandise entered into the United States from August 2, 2021, to October 22, 2021, and other specified customs users fees from December 8, 2020, to October 29, 2021.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
8/10/2012
112-164 S. 270 "La Pine Land Conveyance Act"
A bill to direct the Secretary of the Interior to convey certain Federal land to Deschutes County, Oregon.
CRS summary.
Directs the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Director of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), to convey to the city of La Pine, Oregon, or county of Deschutes, Oregon, without consideration, all right, title, and interest of the United States in specified parcels of BLM-managed land in the Prineville District for which the city or county has submitted to the Secretary a request for conveyance within one year of enactment of this Act.
Requires the conveyed lands to be used: (1) by the county for outdoor recreation, open space, or public parks, including a rodeo ground, and a public sewer system; and (2) by the city for a public library, public park, or open space.
Requires the County to pay all associated survey and administrative costs.
Requires the conveyed lands to revert to the United States if such lands cease being used for the public purposes for which such lands were conveyed.
CBO Estimate, 8/1/11, prepared for the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources.
CBO Estimate, 6/14/12, prepared for the House Committee on Natural Resources.
S. 270 would direct the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to convey, without consideration, 910 acres of land in Oregon to certain local governments. Based on information provided by BLM, CBO estimates that implementing S. 270 would have no significant impact on discretionary spending. Enacting the act would affect direct spending; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. However, CBO estimates that any such effects would be negligible. Enacting the act would not affect revenues. Under S. 270, BLM would convey two parcels of land totalling 900 acres to Deschutes County and one parcel of 10 acres to the city of La Pine. The conveyed properties would be used for various public purposes, including recreation. Deschutes County would be responsible for administrative costs associated with conveying the land that it would receive. Because some of the property to be conveyed under S. 270 has already been identified by BLM for potential sale, CBO estimates that enacting the act would reduce offsetting receipts (a credit against direct spending). However, we expect that any such sale would be conducted under the Recreation and Public Purposes Act (RPPA), which allows state or local governments to receive federal property at less than fair market value. Therefore, we estimate that any loss of receipts that would result from donating the property to the county or the city (rather than selling it under the RPPA) would be less than $10,000. We further estimate that any discretionary costs of the conveyances would be negligible. The land conveyance authorized in the act would benefit the city of La Pine and Deschutes County. Any costs to those entities would be incurred voluntarily. On August 1, 2011, CBO transmitted a cost estimate for S. 270, the La Pine Land Conveyance Act, as ordered reported by the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources on July 14, 2011. The two versions of the legislation are similar, and the CBO cost estimates are the same.
Senate Report 112-49.
House Report 112-581.
Legislation summary.
8/10/2012
112-165 S. 271 "Wallowa Forest Service Compound Conveyance Act"
A bill to require the Secretary of Agriculture to enter into a property conveyance with the city of Wallowa, Oregon, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Directs the Secretary of Agriculture (USDA) to convey, by quitclaim deed and for no consideration, the Wallowa Forest Service Compound to the city of Wallowa, Oregon, upon the request of the city that is submitted to the Secretary within one year of enactment of this Act.
Requires the city of Wallowa to: (1) use the Compound as a historical and cultural interpretation and education center, (2) ensure that the Compound is managed by a nonprofit entity, (3) agree to manage the Compound with due consideration and protection for its historic values, and (4) pay the administrative costs associated with such conveyance.
Requires the Compound to revert to the Secretary if any of the conditions set forth in this Act are violated.
CBO Estimate, 7/28/11, prepared for the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources.
CBO Estimate, 3/5/12, prepared for the House Committee on Natural Resources.
S. 271 would direct the Forest Service to convey, without consideration, about 1 acre of land and improvements in Oregon to the city of Wallowa. Based on information provided by the Forest Service, CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would have no significant net effect on the federal budget. Enacting S. 271 would affect direct spending; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. Because the affected land (and related structures) would probably have been sold under existing authority, enacting the legislation would reduce offsetting receipts. However, because the Forest Service can spend those receipts, the loss in receipts would be offset by lower direct spending of a similar amount. (CBO estimates that the value of the land is less than $500,000.) Enacting S. 271 would not affect revenues.
On July 28, 2011, CBO transmitted a cost estimate for S. 271, the Wallowa Forest Service Compound Conveyance Act, as ordered reported by the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources on July 14, 2011. The two versions of the legislation are similar, and the CBO cost estimates are the same.
Senate Report 112-50.
House Report 112-432.
Legislation summary.
8/10/2012
112-166 S. 679 "Presidential Appointment Efficiency and Streamlining Act of 2011"
A bill to reduce the number of executive positions subject to Senate confirmation.
CRS summary.
Eliminates the requirement of Senate approval (advice and consent) of specified presidentially-appointed positions in federal agencies and departments, as follows:
•Department of Agriculture: (1) Assistant Secretary for Administration, (2) Administrator of the Rural Utilities Services, and (3) all members of the Board of Directors of the Commodity Credit Corporation;
•Department of Commerce: Chief Scientist, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA);
•Department of Defense (DOD): (1) all members of the National Security Education Board, and (2) Director of the Selective Service System;
•Department of Education: (1) Assistant Secretary for Management, and (2) Commissioner for Education Statistics;
•Department of Health and Human Services (HHS): Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs;
•Department of Homeland Security (DHS): (1) Director of the Office for Domestic Preparedness, (2) Assistant Administrator for Grant Programs, Federal Emergency Management Administration (FEMA), (3) Administrator of the U.S. Fire Administration, (4) Director of the Office of Counternarcotics Enforcement, (5) Chief Medical Officer, and (6) Assistant Secretaries for Health Affairs, Legislative Affairs, and Public Affairs;
•Housing and Urban Development (HUD): Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs;
•Department of Justice (DOJ): (1) Directors of the Bureaus of Justice Statistics and Justice Assistance, (2) Director of the National Institute of Justice, (3) Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, and (4) Director of the Office for Victims of Crime;
•Department of Labor: (1) Assistant Secretaries for Administration and Management and for Public Affairs, and (2) Director of the Women's Bureau;
•Department of State: Assistant Secretaries for Public Affairs and for Administration;
•Department of Transportation (DOT): (1) Assistant Secretaries for Budget and Programs and for Administration, (2) Deputy Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), and (3) Administrator of the St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation;
•Department of the Treasury: (1) Assistant Secretaries for Public Affairs and for Management, and (2) Treasurer of the United States;
•Department of Veterans Affairs (VA): Assistant Secretaries for Management, for Human Resources and Administration, for Public and Intergovernmental Affairs, and for Operations, Security, and Preparedness;
•Appalachian Regional Commission: Alternative Federal Co-Chairman;
•Council of Economic Advisers: all members, except the Chairperson;
•Corporation for National and Community Service: Managing Director;
•National Council on Disability: all members, including the Chairperson;
•National Museum and Library Services Boards: all members;
•National Science Foundation (NSF): all Board members;
•Office of National Drug Control Policy: Deputy Directors;
•Office of Navajo and Hopi Relocation: Commissioner;
•United States Agency for International Development (USAID): Assistant Administrator for Management;
•Community Development Financial Institution Fund: Administrator;
•Mississippi River Commission: all Commissioners;
•National Board for Education Sciences: all members;
•National Institute for Literacy Advisory Board: all members; and
•Board of Trustees of the Institute of American Indian and Alaska Native Culture and Arts Development: all members.
Eliminates the positions of Assistant Secretary of Defense for Networks and Information and for Public Affairs.
Eliminates the requirement of Senate approval of all appointments to and promotions for the Commissioned Officer Corps in the Public Health Service and in NOAA.
Provides that removal of the requirement of Senate confirmation of any position in this Act shall not result in any such position being placed in the Senior Executive Service or alter compensation for such position.
Expands the requirements for the appointment of a Director of the Census.
Establishes the Working Group on Streamlining Paperwork for Executive Nominations (Working Group) to study and report to the President and specified congressional committees on the streamlining of paperwork required for executive nominations and review the impact of background investigations requirements on the appointments process.
Requires the Government Accountability Office (GAO) to study and report to Congress and the President on presidentially-appointed positions that do not require Senate approval.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 5/2/11.
S. 679 would reduce the number of Presidential appointees that require Senate confirmation and establish a working group to consider ways to streamline the Presidential appointment process. Based on information from federal entities involved in the appointment process, CBO estimates that implementing the bill would have no significant impact on the federal budget. Enacting S. 679 would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply. The bill would reduce the number of Presidential appointees requiring Senate confirmation from about 1,200 (excluding judges) to around 1,000. The legislation also would eliminate the statutory requirement that the Senate confirm several thousand commissioned officers of the Public Health Service and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. CBO expects that enacting the bill could reduce the workloads of certain federal employees; however, because those employees would probably be retained and assigned other tasks, we estimate that implementing the legislation would lead to a negligible reduction in spending subject to appropriation. The legislation also would establish a working group to examine the process for conducting background investigations of Presidential appointees and study ways to streamline paperwork associated with the appointment process. Because the working group would be staffed by existing government employees and unpaid experts, CBO estimates that implementing this provision would have no significant cost.
Senate Report 112-24.
Legislation summary.
8/10/2012
112-167 S. 739 A bill to authorize the Architect of the Capitol to establish battery recharging stations for privately owned vehicles in parking areas under the jurisdiction of the Senate at no net cost to the Federal Government.
CRS summary.
Makes funds appropriated to the Architect of the Capitol (AOC) for the Capitol power plant in any fiscal year available to construct, operate, and maintain on a reimbursable basis battery recharging stations in parking areas under the jurisdiction of the Senate on Capitol grounds for use by privately owned vehicles used by: (1) Senators, or (2) Senate employees or any other individuals authorized to park in any parking area under Senate jurisdiction on Capitol grounds (covered employees).
Requires the Architect to charge Senators and covered employees fees for the electricity sufficient to cover costs, including those to any vendors or other costs associated with maintaining the battery recharging stations.
Requires the AOC to report triennially to the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration on whether or not individuals using the battery charging stations receive a subsidy from the taxpayers, and, if so, to submit a plan to the Committee to update the program to ensure that no subsidy is being received.
Requires the AOC, if the Committee fails to act on the plan within 60 days, to take appropriate steps to increase rates or fees to ensure reimbursement for the cost of the program.
CBO Estimate, 5/20/11.
Under current law, personal expenses are not payable from appropriations without specific statutory authority. S. 739 would provide such authority by authorizing the Architect of the Capitol (AOC) to use funds appropriated for fiscal year 2011 to install battery recharging stations that would allow Senate employees to replenish the batteries that power plug-in electric vehicles. In addition, the bill would require those employees to pay fees large enough to reimburse the AOC for the costs of installing and operating those stations and for the electricity they use. CBO estimates that enacting S. 739 would increase direct spending by allowing the AOC to spend existing balances that CBO expects would otherwise not be spent under current law; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. Based on information from the AOC, CBO estimates that the agency would spend about $6,000 to install six recharging stations under S. 739. However, we estimate that amount would be offset in future years by increased offsetting collections generated from monthly fees that the AOC would charge to Senate employees who use the recharging stations. S. 739 would not affect revenues. CBO also estimates that spending in future years to install additional charging stations would total less than $10,000 annually, subject to appropriation of the necessary amounts. Future costs could be higher if the number of plug-in cars increases and if more advanced recharging stations are needed. Fees to use those charging stations would recover the installation cost over several years.
Legislation summary.
8/10/2012
112-168 S. 1959 "Haqqani Network Terrorist Designation Act of 2012"
A bill to require a report on the designation of the Haqqani Network as a foreign terrorist organization and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Expresses the sense of Congress that the Secretary of State should designate the Haqqani Network (an insurgent network operating in Pakistan and Afghanistan) as a foreign terrorist organization.
Directs the Secretary to report to Congress on: (1) whether the Haqqani Network meets the criteria for designation as a foreign terrorist organization; and (2) which criteria have not been met, if the Secretary determines that the Haqqani Network does not meet such designation.
States that nothing in this Act may be construed to infringe upon the sovereignty of Pakistan to combat militant or terrorist groups operating inside its boundaries.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
8/10/2012
112-169 S. 3363 A bill to provide for the use of National Infantry Museum and Soldier Center Commemorative Coin surcharges, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the National Infantry Museum and Soldier Center Commemorative Coin Act to allow surcharges from the sale of a coin commemorating the legacy of the U.S. Army Infantry and the establishment of the National Infantry Museum and Soldier Center to be used for the retirement of debt associated with building such Museum and Center.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
8/10/2012
112-170 H.R. 1402 To authorize the Architect of the Capitol to establish battery recharging stations for privately owned vehicles in parking areas under the jurisdiction of the House of Representatives at no net cost to the Federal Government.
CRS summary.
Makes funds appropriated to the Architect of the Capitol (AOC) for the Capitol power plant in any fiscal year available to construct, operate, and maintain on a reimbursable basis battery recharging stations in parking areas under the jurisdiction of the House of Representatives on Capitol grounds for use by privately owned vehicles used by: (1) Members of the House, or (2) employees whose pay is disbursed by the Chief Administrative Officer of the House or any other individuals authorized to park in any parking area under House jurisdiction on Capitol grounds (covered employees).
Requires the Architect to charge Members and covered employees fees for the electricity sufficient to cover costs, including those to any vendors or other costs associated with maintaining the battery recharging stations.
Requires the AOC to report triennially to the Committee on House Administration on whether or not individuals using the battery charging stations receive a subsidy from the taxpayers, and, if so, to submit a plan to the Committee to update the program to ensure that no subsidy is being received.
Requires the AOC, if the Committee fails to act on the plan within 60 days, to take appropriate steps to increase rates or fees to ensure reimbursement for the cost of the program.
CBO Estimate, 8/1/12.
Under current law, personal expenses are not payable from appropriations without specific statutory authority. H.R. 1402 would provide such authority by authorizing the Architect of the Capitol (AOC) to use funds that have already been appropriated to install battery recharging stations that would allow House employees to replenish the batteries that power plug-in electric vehicles. The bill would require those employees to pay fees sufficient to reimburse the AOC for the costs of installing and operating those stations. In addition, the AOC would provide an annual report to the Congress and one additional report within three years of enactment on the finances of the recharging program. CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 1402 would increase direct spending by allowing the AOC to spend existing balances that CBO expects would otherwise not be spent under current law; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. The costs to install and operate recharging stations could vary depending upon the type of system and number of stations constructed. Based on information from the AOC regarding its plans to install stations in the Senate parking areas and the anticipated needs of employees in the House of Representatives, CBO estimates that the AOC would spend less than $10,000 installing recharging stations. That amount would be offset in future years by increased collections generated from monthly fees that the AOC would charge to House employees who use the recharging stations. Enacting H.R. 1402 would not affect revenues. CBO also estimates that spending in future years to install additional charging stations would total less than $20,000 annually, subject to appropriation of the necessary amounts. Future costs could be higher if the number of plug-in vehicles increases and if more advanced recharging stations are needed. Fees to use those charging stations would recover the installation cost over several years, CBO estimates.
House Report 112-625.
Legislation summary.
8/16/2012
112-171 H.R. 3670 To require the Transportation Security Administration to comply with the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act.
CRS summary.
Amends the Aviation and Transportation Security Act to require the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) to comply with the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA) when carrying out certain personnel decisions with respect to the employment of air transportation passenger and property screeners.
Soon after the attacks of September 11, 2001, TSA was given USERRA exemption to allow the agency to hire new employees without delay for airport screenings. USERRA is a law that protects the reemployment rights of servicemembers so they are able to keep their job, benefits, and seniority in their civilian job if they are called up to Active Duty. After a decade, TSA no longer requires special hiring authorities that it required when newly created. With more than 10,000 veterans among the agency’s employees, representing 20 percent of the Transportation Security Officer workforce, TSA, like any other federal agency, should be required to comply with the same USERRA rules as other Federal agencies and private employers.
H.R. 3670 would amend the Aviation and Transportation Security Act (49 U.S.C. 44935 note; Public Law 107–71; 115 Stat. 597) to require the TSA to be fully compliant with USERRA.
CBO Estimate, 5/10/12.
Under current law, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is not required to comply with certain provisions of federal labor laws, including the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA). That law specifies certain rights for individuals who serve in the uniformed services, including those in the reserves or the National Guard who are called to active duty. In particular, USERRA prohibits employers from discriminating on the basis of military service or obligation and protects covered individuals’ rights to be reemployed upon returning from duty. H.R. 3670 would require TSA to comply with USERRA. According to TSA, the agency’s existing policies regarding individuals who leave TSA to undertake uniformed service are already consistent with USERRA. As a result, CBO estimates that H.R. 3670 would not significantly affect the agency’s costs. Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
House Report 112-487, Part 1.
Legislation summary.
8/16/2012
112-172 H.R. 4240 "Ambassador James R. Lilley and Congressman Stephen J. Solarz North Korea Human Rights Reauthorization Act of 2012"
To reauthorize the North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Expresses the sense of Congress that the United States should: (1) continue to seek cooperation from foreign governments to allow the United States to process North Korean refugees overseas for U.S. resettlement, (2) urge China to halt its forcible repatriation of North Koreans, and (3) allow the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) access to North Koreans inside China to determine whether such North Koreans are refugees requiring protection.
Amends the North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004 to authorize appropriations through FY2017: (1) for grants that promote democracy, human rights, and a market economy in North Korea, (2) to increase the availability of non-government controlled information inside North Korea, and (3) for organizations or persons that provide humanitarian assistance to North Koreans who are outside of North Korea.
Extends through 2017 the annual congressional reporting requirement for: (1) the Secretary of State to report on activities to increase the availability of non-government controlled information inside North Korea, (2) the Special Envoy for North Korean human rights issues to report on human rights related activities, (3) the Secretary and Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) to report on U.S. humanitarian assistance inside North Korea and to North Koreans outside of North Korea, and (4) the Secretary and the Secretary of Homeland Security (DHS) to report on the number of North Koreans seeking refugee status or political asylum in the United States.
Directs the Broadcasting Board of Governors to report to Congress regarding U.S. broadcasting to North Korea and the extent to which the Board has achieved the goal of 12-hour-per-day broadcasting to North Korea.
CBO Estimate, 4/5/12, prepared for the House Committee on Foreign Affairs.
CBO Estimate, 6/29/12, prepared for the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations.
H.R. 4240 would reauthorize, through 2017, programs that provide assistance to certain North Koreans who have left that country and that promote human rights, democracy, and freedom of information in North Korea. The act would authorize the appropriation of $9 million a year over the 2013-2017 period for those programs. (Those programs are authorized at $24 million for 2012.) CBO estimates that implementing the act would cost $36 million over the 2013-2017 period, assuming appropriation of the specified amounts. In particular, the legislation would authorize the appropriation of the following amounts each year over the 2013-2017 period:
- $5 million for humanitarian assistance for North Korean refugees and emigrants;
- $2 million to promote human rights, democracy, rule of law, and development of a market economy; and
- $2 million to promote freedom of information.
Finally, the act would require the Broadcasting Board of Governors to report to the Congress on its progress toward providing 12 hours of daily programming to North Korea. CBO estimates that implementing that requirement would have discretionary costs of less than $500,000, assuming the availability of appropriated funds.
Legislation summary.
8/16/2012
112-173 S. 3510 A bill to prevent harm to the national security or endangering the military officers and civilian employees to whom internet publication of certain information applies, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the Stop Trading on Congressional Knowledge (STOCK) Act of 2012 (Public Law 112–105) to extend through September 30, 2012 (was August 31, 2012), the requirement that the Secretary of the Senate, the Sergeant at Arms of the Senate, and the Clerk of the House of Representatives ensure that financial disclosure forms filed by Members, candidates for Congress, and congressional officers and employees, in calendar year 2012 and subsequent years be made available to the public on the respective official Senate and House websites within 30 days after filing.
Extends through the same date the requirement that the President ensure that financial disclosure forms filed in calendar year 2012 and subsequent years by executive branch employees are publicly available on appropriate official websites of executive branch agencies within 30 days after such forms are filed.
Declares that, effective September 30, 2012, with respect to the requirements of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978, as added by the STOCK Act, that Members of Congress and congressional officers and employees required to file periodic transaction reports (PTRs) with the Clerk of the House file promptly reports on certain financial transactions, such PTRs shall include information on the sources of income of their spouses or children, but only with respect to any transaction exceeding $1,000 in stocks, bonds, commodities futures, and other forms of securities.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
8/16/2012
112-174 H.R. 6336 To direct the Joint Committee on the Library to accept a statue depicting Frederick Douglass from the District of Columbia and to provide for the permanent display of the statue in Emancipation Hall of the United States Capitol.
CRS summary.
Requires the Joint Committee on the Library to accept from the District of Columbia the donation of a statue depicting Frederick Douglass, subject to the terms and conditions that the Joint Committee considers appropriate.
Requires the Joint Committee to place the statue in a suitable permanent location in Emancipation Hall of the U.S. Capitol.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
9/20/2012
112-175 H.J.Res 117 "Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013"
Making continuing appropriations for fiscal year 2013, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Makes continuing appropriations for FY2013.
Appropriates amounts for continuing operations, projects, or activities which were conducted in FY2012 and for which appropriations, funds, or other authority were made available in:
•the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012 (division A of P.L. 112-55), except for appropriations designated by Congress for disaster relief in such Act
•the Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012 (division B of P.L. 112-55), except for appropriations designated by Congress for disaster relief under the heading "Department of Commerce--Economic Development Administration--Economic Development Assistance Programs" in such Act;
•the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2012 (division A of P.L. 112-74);
•the Energy and Water Development and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012 (division B of P.L. 112-74);
•the Financial Services and General Government Appropriations Act, 2012 (division C of P.L. 112-74);
•the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2012 (division D of P.L. 112-74);
•the Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012 (division E of P.L. 112-74);
•the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012 (division F of P.L. 112-74);
•the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2012 (division G of P.L. 112-74);
•the Military Construction and Veterans Affairs and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012 (division H of P.L. 112-74);
•the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2012 (division I of P.L. 112-74);
•the Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012 (except for appropriations designated by Congress for disaster relief under the heading "Department of Transportation--Federal Highway Administration--Emergency Relief" in such Act; and
•the Disaster Relief Appropriations Act, 2012 (P.L. 112-77), except for appropriations under the heading "Corps of Engineers-Civil." Increases by 0.612% the rate for operations under such Acts.
Continues any project or activity in the Overseas Contingency Operations/Global War on Terrorism (OCO/GWOT) at a rate for operations that would be permitted by the amount in the President's FY2013 budget request.
Continues funding through March 27, 2013, at the FY2012 level for entitlements and other mandatory payments whose budget authority was provided in FY2012 appropriations Acts, as well as for activities under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008.
Amends the Continuing Appropriations and Surface Transportation Extensions Act, 2011 to extend through March 27, 2013, the mandatory freeze on the pay of certain federal civilian employees.
Waives application to this joint resolution of the limitation placed, until October 1, 2012, on the use of funds for the fresh fruit and vegetable program under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act.
Provides funding from amounts provided for the "Department of Agriculture--Domestic Food Programs--Food and Nutrition Service--Commodity Assistance Program" at a specified rate for operations, with a specified allocation for the Commodity Supplemental Food Program.
Provides amounts for the Department of Energy--National Nuclear Security Administration--Weapons Activities at a specified rate of operations.
Provides additional funding for domestic uranium enrichment research, development, and demonstration at a specified rate for operations.
Provides funding for the Office of Government Ethics for salaries and expenses at a specified rate for operations. Allocates funding for development and deployment of the centralized, publicly accessible database required in the Stop Trading on Congressional Knowledge (STOCK) Act of 2012 (Public Law 112–105).
Provides funding for "Small Business Administration (SBA)--Business Loans Program Account" for the cost of guaranteed loans at a specified rate for operations.
Provides funding for "DHS--National Protection and Programs Directorate--Infrastructure Protection and Information Security" at a specified rate for operations.
Provides funding for the "Department of the Interior--Department-wide Programs--Wildland Fire Management" and the "Department of Agriculture--Forest Service--Wildland Fire Management"at specified rates for operations. Appropriates additional funding for FY2013 for such purposes.
Provides funding for "Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)--Administration for Children and Families--Refugee and Entrant Assistance" at a specified rate for operations.
Extends through March 27, 2013, activities authorized by part A (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families) (TANF) of title IV of the Social Security Act (SSA) in the manner authorized for FY2012. Makes appropriations for such purpose.
Provides funding for "Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)--Departmental Administration--General Operating Expenses, Veterans Benefits Administration" at a specified rate for operations.
Additional summary at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 9/11/12.
Total Budget Authority = $1.154 Trillion.
Total Outlays = $1.270 Trillion.
Legislation summary.
9/28/2012
112-176 S. 3245 A bill to extend by 3 years the authorization of the EB-5 Regional Center Program, the E-Verify Program, the Special Immigrant Nonminister Religious Worker Program, and the Conrad State 30 J-1 Visa Waiver Program.
CRS summary.
Amends the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1993 to extend the EB-5 Regional Center program through September 30, 2015. (Eliminates pilot program references to such program.)
Amends the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 to extend the E-Verify program through September 30, 2015.
Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to extend the Special Immigrant Nonminister Religious Worker program through September 30, 2015.
Amends the Immigration and Nationality Technical Corrections Act of 1994 to extend the Conrad State 30 J-1 Visa Waiver program through September 30, 2015.
States that nothing in this Act may be construed to authorize a national identification card.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
9/28/2012
112-177 S. 3552 "Pesticide Registration Improvement Extension Act of 2012"
A bill to reauthorize the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act.
CRS summary.
No summary available.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
9/28/2012
112-178 S. 3625 A bill to change the effective date for the internet publication of certain information to prevent harm to the national security or endangering the military officers and civilian employees to whom the publication requirement applies, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Postpones until December 8, 2012, the requirement under the Stop Trading on Congressional Knowledge (STOCK) Act of 2012 (Public Law 112–105) that the Secretary of the Senate, the Sergeant at Arms of the Senate, and the Clerk of the House of Representatives ensure that financial disclosure forms filed by congressional officers and employees be made available to the public on the respective official Senate and House websites within 30 days after filing. (Was originally August 31, 2012 per Public Law 112–105, postponed to September 30, 2012 per Public Law 112–173.)
Postpones until the same date the requirement that the President ensure that financial disclosure forms filed by executive branch employees are publicly available on appropriate official websites of executive branch agencies within such period.
Excludes from these effective date postponements, however, the President, Vice President, Members of Congress, candidates for Congress, and any officer occupying a position listed under Level I and Level II of the Executive Schedule having been nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate. (Thus maintains September 30, 2012, as the effective date of the requirement that such individuals make their financial disclosure forms available to the public.)
Requires the Director of the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) to contract with the National Academy of Public Administration to study issues raised by the website publication of financial disclosure forms. Requires the Academy to report and make recommendations to Congress and the President for ways to avoid or mitigate the risks identified in its study.
Postpones until January 1, 2013, the requirement that Members of Congress and congressional officers and employees file financial periodic transaction reports (PTRs) with the Clerk of the House that include information on the sources of income of their spouses or children, but only with respect to any transaction exceeding $1,000 in stocks, bonds, commodities futures, and other forms of securities.
Postpones until the same date also the PTRs requirements for certain individuals in the executive branch. Lists these individuals as: (1) the President; (2) the Vice President; (3) executive officers or employees, including certain special government employees and members of a uniformed service; (4) appointed administrative law judges; (5) executive branch employees in positions excepted from the competitive service because of their confidential or policymaking character (except those excluded from such exception by the Director of the Office of Government Ethics [OGE]); (6) the Postmaster General, the Deputy Postmaster General, each Governor of the Board of Governors of the U.S. Postal Service, and certain U.S. Postal Service officers or employees; (7) the OGE Director and each designated agency ethics official; and (8) civilian employees of the Executive Office of the President (other than a special government employee) appointed by the President.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
9/28/2012
112-179 H.R. 1272 "Minnesota Chippewa Tribe Judgment Fund Distribution Act of 2012"
To provide for the use and distribution of the funds awarded to the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, et al, by the United States Court of Federal Claims in Docket Numbers 19 and 188, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to reimburse the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe for the amount, plus interest, that the Tribe contributed for the payment of attorneys' fees and litigation expenses associated with the litigation of Docket No. 19 and No. 188 before the U.S. Court of Federal Claims and the distribution of judgment funds.
Requires the Tribe's claim for reimbursement of expended funds to be certified by the Tribe as being unreimbursed to it from other funding sources.
Requires payment of interest on such funds at the rate of 6% per year from the date such funds were expended until they are reimbursed to the Tribe.
Requires use of the judgment funds to reimburse the Tribe for those attorneys' fees and litigation expenses.
Requires the Tribe to provide the Secretary with updated membership rolls for the Boise Forte Band, Fond du Lac Band, Grand Portage Band, Leech Lake Band, Mille Lacs Band, and White Earth Band of the Tribe.
Directs the Secretary to: (1) distribute to each Band, from the remaining judgment funds, an amount sufficient to enable each Band to pay $300 to each Band member; and (2) divide the funds that remain after that distribution, as well as unclaimed payments, into equal shares for each Band.
Prohibits funds disbursed under this Act from being liable for the payment of a recipient's previously contracted obligations.
CBO Estimate, 5/16/12, prepared for the House Committee on Natural Resources.
CBO Estimate, 7/10/12, prepared for the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs.
H.R. 1272 would authorize the Secretary of the Interior to disburse amounts held in trust for the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe. In 1999, a $20 million settlement was transferred from the Treasury’s Judgment Fund to the Department of the Interior (DOI) and held in trust for the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe pending legislation to release the funds. Under the Indian Tribal Judgment Funds Use or Distribution Act of 1973, if the Secretary of the Interior cannot obtain consent from the tribal governing body concerning the distribution of an award within 180 days after the funds have been appropriated, legislation is required to authorize the distribution of such funds. In fiscal year 2010, the Chippewa’s Tribal Executive Council (TEC) approved a resolution describing how to distribute the settlement amount among the bands of the tribe and individuals. Though the federal government transferred ownership of the funds to the tribe when the funds were expended from the Judgment Fund, the federal government has retained fiduciary responsibility over the amounts until they are distributed. The act would make the disbursement of the funds contingent on the tribe submitting updated membership rolls. Based on information provided by DOI, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 1272 would have no significant cost to distribute the settlement funds. The settlement amount was considered a federal expenditure when it was transferred from the Judgment Fund to DOI because the tribe received ownership of the funds. Therefore, the ultimate distribution of the settlement and accrued interest is not a budgetary outlay of the federal government. CBO estimates that the total amount to be distributed under the act would be about $29 million, which includes the $20 million settlement and about $9 million in accrued interest payments. Enacting H.R. 1272 would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
House Report 112-501.
Legislation summary.
10/5/2012
Public Law Bill Description Date Signed
112-180 H.R. 1791 To designate the United States courthouse under construction at 101 South United States Route 1 in Fort Pierce, Florida, as the "Alto Lee Adams, Sr., United States Courthouse".
CRS summary.
Designates the U.S. courthouse under construction at 101 South U.S. Route 1 in Fort Pierce, Florida, as the "Alto Lee Adams, Sr., United States Courthouse."
CBO Estimate, 6/28/11.
CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 1791 would have no significant impact on the federal budget and would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
House Report 112-282.
Legislation summary.
10/5/2012
112-181 H.R. 2139 "Lions Clubs International Century of Service Commemorative Coin Act"
To require the Secretary of the Treasury to mint coins in commemoration of the centennial of the establishment of Lions Clubs International.
CRS summary.
Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to mint and issue as legal tender up to 400,000 $1 coins in commemoration of the centennial of the founding of the Lions Clubs International. Requires the design of the coins to be emblematic of the centennial.
Permits the Secretary to issue such coins only during calendar 2017.
Requires coin sales to include a surcharge of $10 per coin, to be paid by the Secretary to the Lions Clubs International Foundation.
Subjects such Foundation to specified audit requirements with regard to the funds received from the Secretary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
10/5/2012
112-182 H.R. 2240 "Lowell National Historical Park Land Exchange Act of 2012" To authorize the exchange of land or interest in land between Lowell National Historical Park and the city of Lowell in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to exchange any land or interest within the boundaries of Lowell National Historical Park in Massachusetts for any land or interest owned by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, the city of Lowell, or the University of Massachusetts Building Authority.
Subjects, except as provided below, an exchange under this Act to the laws, regulations, and policies applicable to land exchanges administered by the National Park Service (NPS) and any other terms and conditions that are determined to be necessary to protect U.S. interests.
Requires, where facilities or infrastructure required for the management and operation of the Park exists on the federal land to be exchanged and the non-federal land or interest to be exchanged is not of equal value, the values to be equalized by a cash payment to the Secretary. Bars the Secretary from being required to equalize the values of any exchange conducted under this Act if the land or interest received by the federal government exceeds the value of the federal land or interest exchanged.
CBO Estimate, 3/15/12.
H.R. 2240 would enable the National Park Service (NPS) to acquire and integrate new lands into the Lowell National Historical Park through exchanges with public agencies. Under current law, NPS can only acquire lands for the park through donation. Based on information provided by NPS, CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 2240 would have no significant impact on the federal budget. Enacting H.R. 2240 could affect direct spending; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. If NPS were to acquire land of a lower value than the park land exchanged, NPS would receive a cash payment to equalize the values. Thus, CBO estimates that enacting the legislation could increase offsetting receipts (a credit against direct spending); however, any impact on the budget would be insignificant for each year. Enacting H.R. 2240 would not affect revenues.
House Report 112-450.
Legislation summary.
10/5/2012
112-183 H.R. 2706 "Billfish Conservation Act of 2012"
To prohibit the sale of billfish.
CRS summary.
Prohibits any person from offering billfish or billfish products for sale, selling them, or having custody, control, or possession of them for purposes of offering them for sale or selling them.
Treats a violation of this Act as an act prohibited by the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act. Subjects a person to a maximum civil penalty of $100,000 for each violation, with each day of a continuing violation constituting a separate offense. Exempts the state of Hawaii and the Pacific Insular Area, except that billfish may be sold under such exemption only in Hawaii and the Pacific Insular Area.
Defines "billfish" as any of the following: (1) blue marlin, (2) striped marlin, (3) black marlin, (4) sailfish, (5) shortbill spearfish, (6) white marlin, (7) roundscale spearfish, (8) Mediterranean spearfish, or (9) longbill spearfish. Excludes swordfish from such definition.
CBO Estimate, 9/7/12.
H.R. 2706 would prohibit individuals from selling or possessing billfish (marlin and other species) or billfish products in nearly all states and some territories of the United States. Based on information provided by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), CBO estimates that implementing the bill would have no significant impact on the federal budget. Enacting the legislation could increase revenues (from civil and criminal penalties) and associated direct spending; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. However, CBO estimates that such increases would be negligible and would offset each other in most years. CBO expects that the bill would have a minimal impact on NOAA’s fishery management activities. Under current law, any billfish caught in the Atlantic Ocean must be released. In addition, billfish are rarely found in the Pacific Ocean off the west coast of the continental United States. Hawaii and the Pacific Insular Area would be exempt from complying with the bill as long as billfish and billfish products from those areas are sold there. H.R. 2706 contains a private-sector mandate, as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA), by prohibiting the sale or possession of billfish or products containing billfish. The cost of the mandate would be the net income forgone as a result of the prohibition. Based on information from industry experts, CBO estimates that the loss of income may amount to tens of millions of dollars annually. Consequently, the cost of the mandate would fall below the annual threshold established in UMRA for private-sector mandates ($146 million in 2012, adjusted annually for inflation).
House Report 112-656.
Legislation summary.
10/5/2012
112-184 H.R. 3556 To designate the new United States courthouse in Buffalo, New York, as the "Robert H. Jackson United States Courthouse".
CRS summary.
Designates the U.S. courthouse located at 2 Niagara Square, Buffalo, New York, as the "Robert H. Jackson United States Courthouse."
CBO Estimate, 3/16/12.
CBO estimates that enacting this legislation would have no significant impact on the federal budget and would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
House Report 112-456.
Legislation summary.
10/5/2012
112-185 H.R. 4158 To confirm full ownership rights for certain United States astronauts to artifacts from the astronauts' space missions.
CRS summary.
Grants a U.S. astronaut who participated in any of the Mercury, Gemini, or Apollo programs through the completion of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, and who received an artifact during his participation, full ownership of and clear title to that artifact.
Defines "artifact" as any expendable item utilized in missions for the Mercury, Gemini, or Apollo programs through the completion of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project not expressly required to be returned to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) at the completion of the mission and other expendable, disposable, or personal-use items utilized by such an astronaut during participation in any such program, excluding lunar rocks and other lunar material.
Prohibits the federal government from having any claim or right to ownership, control, or use of: (1) any artifact in the possession of such an astronaut; or (2) any such artifact that was subsequently transferred, sold, or assigned to a third party by such an astronaut.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
10/5/2012
112-186 H.R. 4223 "Strengthening and Focusing Enforcement to Deter Organized Stealing and Enhance Safety (SAFE DOSES) Act of 2012" To amend title 18, United States Code, to prohibit theft of medical products, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the federal criminal code to prohibit, in or using any means or facility of interstate or foreign commerce: (1) embezzling, stealing, obtaining by fraud or deception, or knowingly and unlawfully taking, carrying away, or concealing a medical product that has not yet been made available for retail purchase by a consumer (pre-retail medical product); (2) knowingly and falsely making, altering, forging, or counterfeiting the labeling or documentation of such a product; (3) knowingly possessing, transporting, or trafficking in a product involved in such a violation; (4) buying or otherwise obtaining, or selling or distributing, with intent to defraud, such a product that has expired or been stolen; or (5) attempting or conspiring to commit such a violation.
Makes such a violation an aggravated offense if: (1) the defendant is employed by, or is an agent of, an organization in the supply chain for the product; or (2) the violation involves the use of violence, force, a threat of violence or force, or the use of a deadly weapon, results in serious bodily injury or death, or is subsequent to a prior conviction for an offense under this Act.
Additional summary at the CRS Summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 6/14/12.
CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 4223 would have no significant cost to the federal government. Enacting the bill could affect direct spending and revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. However, CBO estimates that any effects would be insignificant for each year. H.R. 4223 would establish new federal crimes relating to the theft of certain medical products. As a result, the government might be able to pursue cases that it otherwise would not be able to prosecute. CBO expects that H.R. 4223 would apply to a relatively small number of additional offenders, however, so any increase in costs for law enforcement, court proceedings, or prison operations would not be significant. Any such costs would be subject to the availability of appropriated funds. Because those prosecuted and convicted under H.R. 4223 could be subject to civil and criminal fines, the federal government might collect additional fines if the legislation is enacted. Civil and criminal fines are recorded as revenues. Criminal fines are deposited in the Crime Victims Fund and later spent. CBO expects that any additional revenues and direct spending would not be significant because of the relatively small number of cases likely to be affected.
House Report 112-549.
Legislation summary.
10/5/2012
112-187 H.R. 4347 To designate the United States courthouse located at 709 West 9th Street in Juneau, Alaska, as the "Robert Boochever United States Courthouse".
CRS summary.
Designates the U.S. courthouse located at 709 West 9th Street, Juneau, Alaska, as the "Robert Boochever United States Courthouse."
CBO Estimate, 6/11/12.
CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 4347 would have no significant impact on the federal budget and would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
House Report 112-614.
Legislation summary.
10/5/2012
112-188 H.R. 5512 "Divisional Realignment Act of 2012"
To amend title 28, United States Code, to realign divisions within two judicial districts.
CRS summary.
Amends the federal judicial code to realign counties comprising judicial divisions within the Eastern District of Missouri and the Northern District of Mississippi.
Makes this Act effective 60 days after enactment.
CBO Estimate, 5/24/12.
H.R. 5512 would realign the federal court districts of Eastern Missouri and Northern Mississippi and condense the four divisions of the Northern District of Mississippi into three. Based on information provided by the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 5512 would have only minimal administrative costs and thus would have no significant impact on the federal budget. Enacting H.R. 5512 would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
House Report 112-497.
Legislation summary.
10/5/2012
112-189 H.R. 6189 "Reporting Efficiency Improvement Act"
To eliminate unnecessary reporting requirements for unfunded programs under the Office of Justice Programs.
CRS summary.
Amends the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 to repeal a requirement that the Attorney General submit a report to Congress on grants to state and local governments for a program or project to develop or improve the capability to analyze deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). These reporting requirements are no longer necessary because Congress has not made any appropriations for these grants since FY2003.
Amends the Police Corps Act to repeal the requirement for the Director of the Office of the Police Corps and Law Enforcement Education to submit an annual report on the Police Corps program. This reporting requirement is no longer necessary because Congress has not made any appropriations for these grants since FY2005.
No CBO Estimate.
House Report 112-648.
Legislation summary.
10/5/2012
112-190 H.R. 6215 To amend the Trademark Act of 1946 to correct an error in the provisions relating to remedies for dilution.
CRS summary.
Amends the Trademark Act of 1946 to specify that ownership of a valid federal registration of a mark is a complete bar to an action with respect to the mark that: (1) is brought by another person under the common law or a statute of a state; and (2) seeks to prevent dilution (by blurring or by tarnishment) or asserts any claim of actual or likely damage or harm to the distinctiveness or reputation of a mark, label, or form of advertisement. (Removes any such federal-registration defense with respect to dilution claims under federal law and specifies that such a defense is only available in response to dilution claims under state law.)
CBO Estimate, 8/23/12.
CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 6215 would have no significant cost to the federal government. Further, enacting H.R. 6215 would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply. H.R. 6215 would amend provisions of trademark law that relate to a trademark owner’s ability to be sued for diluting another trademark. Under current law, the owner of a famous trademark can bring a suit against another trademark owner alleging dilution when the other trademark impairs the distinctiveness or harms the reputation of the famous trademark. For example, the owner of a trademark for a famous handbag could sue another company that begins using the trademark to refer to laundry detergent. However, certain dilution claims are disallowed in both federal and state courts if the person being sued holds a registered trademark. H.R. 6215 would continue the prohibition of those claims in state courts, but allow the claims to go forward in federal court. Based on information from the Patent and Trademark Office, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 6215 would have no significant cost to the federal government because of the small number of cases likely to be affected.
House Report 112-647.
Legislation summary.
10/5/2012
112-191 H.R. 6375 "VA Major Construction Authorization and Expiring Authorities Extension Act of 2012"
To authorize certain Department of Veterans Affairs major medical facility projects, to amend title 38, United States Code, to extend certain authorities of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Title I: Construction Authorizations - Authorizes the Secretary of Veterans Affairs (VA) to carry out major medical facility projects (projects) in FY2013 at VA medical centers in: (1) Seattle, Washington; (2) Dallas, Texas; and (3) Miami, Florida. Authorizes appropriations for such projects. Provides project funding limitations.
Title II: Extensions of Certain Expiring Authorities - Extends through FY2013 VA default procedures with respect to guaranteed loans to veterans.
Extends through 2013 VA authority: (1) to operate a regional office in the Republic of the Philippines; (2) to provide treatment, rehabilitation, and related services for seriously mentally ill and homeless veterans; (3) to provide expanded services and housing assistance to homeless veterans; (4) for the Advisory Committee on Homeless Veterans; and (5) to use contract physicians to perform VA medical disability examinations.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
10/5/2012
112-192 H.R. 6431 To provide flexibility with respect to United States support for assistance provided by international financial institutions for Burma, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
No CRS summary.
Upon a determination by the President that it is in the national interest of the United States to support assistance for Burma, the Secretary of the Treasury may instruct the United States Executive Director at any international financial institution to vote in favor of the provision of assistance for Burma by the institution. The President shall provide the appropriate congressional committees with a written notice of any such determination.
Prior to making such determination, the Secretary of State and the Secretary of the Treasury each shall consult with the appropriate congressional committees on assistance to be provided to Burma by an international financial institution, and the national interests served by such assistance.
See also:
Public Law 112-163
Presidential Executive Order 13619
--Presidential Executive Order 13047
--Presidential Executive Order 13310
--Presidential Executive Order 13448
--Presidential Executive Order 13464
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
10/5/2012
112-193 H.R. 6433 "FDA User Fee Corrections Act of 2012"
To make corrections with respect to Food and Drug Administration user fees.
CRS summary.
No CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
10/5/2012
112-194 S. 300 "Government Charge Card Abuse Prevention Act of 2012"
A bill to prevent abuse of Government charge cards.
CRS summary.
Requires the head of each executive agency that issues and uses purchase cards and convenience checks, other than the Department of Defense (DOD), to establish and maintain safeguards and internal controls. Imposes similar safeguards and controls for the use of purchase cards and convenience checks by DOD personnel.
Requires the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to review existing guidance for the use of purchase cards and convenience checks and prescribe additional necessary guidance for the implementation of safeguards and internal controls for such use.
Additional summary provided at CRS summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 4/26/11, prepared for the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs.
CBO Estimate, 11/30/11, prepared for the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.
S. 300 would require each executive branch agency to establish controls regarding the use of government credit cards issued to federal employees. The bill would require each agency’s inspector general (IG) to assess the risk of illegal or improper credit card use and to conduct periodic audits to identify potentially fraudulent activities. The bill also would allow agencies to dismiss employees who are found guilty of misusing government credit cards. CBO estimates that implementing S. 300 would cost less than $500,000 a year, subject to the availability of appropriated funds. The bill also could affect direct spending by agencies not funded through annual appropriations, such as the Tennessee Valley Authority and the Bonneville Power Administration; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. CBO estimates, however, that any net increase in spending by those agencies would not be significant. Enacting S. 300 would not affect revenues. Under current law, agencies are required to manage the use of government credit cards by establishing policies and procedures, conducting oversight, and penalizing unauthorized use of government cards. Most of the provisions of S. 300 would codify those current policies and practices. Based on information from the Office of Management and Budget (which sets procurement policy), the General Services Administration (the contract administrator for federal credit cards), and several agency IGs, CBO estimates that implementing the bill would lead to a small increase in the administrative costs to oversee the use of government charge cards.
Senate Report 112-37.
House Report 112-376, Part 1.
Legislation summary.
10/5/2012
112-195 S. 710 "Hazardous Waste Electronic Manifest Establishment Act"
A bill to amend the Solid Waste Disposal Act to direct the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency to establish a hazardous waste electronic manifest system.
CRS summary.
Amends the Solid Waste Disposal Act to require the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to establish a hazardous waste electronic manifest system within three years that may be used by a hazardous waste generator or transporter, an owner or operator of a hazardous waste treatment, storage, recycling, or disposal facility, or any other person that: (1) is required to use a manifest to comply with any federal or state requirement to track the shipment, transportation, and receipt of hazardous waste or other material shipped from the generation site to an off-site facility for treatment, storage, disposal, or recycling; and (2) elects to use the system to complete and transmit an electronic manifest format; or (3) submits to the system for data processing purposes a paper copy of the manifest (or data from such a paper copy).
Authorizes the Administrator to: (1) impose service fees on users to pay for developing, operating, maintaining, and upgrading the system, including any costs incurred in collecting and processing data from any paper manifest submitted to the system after the date on which the system enters operation; and (2) deposit the fees into the Hazardous Waste Electronic Manifest System Fund (a revolving fund established by this Act). Requires the Administrator to adjust such fees to a level that will result in the collection of an amount that is sufficient and no more than reasonably necessary to cover system-related costs and minimize the accumulation of unused amounts in the Fund.
Authorizes the Administrator, after consulting with the Secretary of Transportation (DOT), to enter into information technology contracts with appropriate entities for the provision of system-related services. Limits such contracts to a term of no more than 10 years.
Requires the Administrator to: (1) establish the Hazardous Waste Electronic Manifest System Advisory Board; and (2) carry out this Act in each state unless the state program is fully authorized to do so.
Requires a designated facility that receives waste, in cases in which the state in which waste is generated or transported to such facility requires that the waste be tracked through a hazardous waste manifest, to: (1) complete the facility portion of the applicable manifest, (2) sign and date the facility certification, and (3) submit to the system a final copy of the manifest.
Establishes reporting requirements.
Authorizes appropriations for FY2013-FY2015 for start-up activities to carry out this Act that will be offset by the collection of such user fees.
CBO Estimate, 5/6/11, prepared for the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works.
CBO Estimate, 8/21/12, prepared for the House Committee on Energy and Commerce.
S. 710 would direct the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to establish an electronic manifest system to track the handling of hazardous waste. This legislation would authorize the appropriation of $6 million over the 2013-2015 period for EPA to establish the system. In addition, subject to provisions in future appropriations acts, this legislation would authorize EPA to collect user fees to offset the cost of developing, operating, and maintaining the system. Under current law, individuals who handle hazardous waste must prepare a paper manifest that completely documents how hazardous waste is disposed of from the time it is generated through treatment, storage, and disposal. Under S. 710, generators and transporters of hazardous waste and the owners and operators of facilities that treat, store, or dispose of hazardous waste could elect to use the proposed electronic manifest system or the existing paper system. Subject to appropriation of the necessary amounts, CBO estimates that over the 2013-2017 period, EPA would spend about $15 million to create the electronic manifest system. We also estimate that EPA would collect user fees totaling $12 million over that same period. Thus, CBO estimates that implementing this legislation would have a net cost of $3 million over the 2013-2017 period. S. 710 would impose intergovernmental and private-sector mandates, as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA), on facilities that handle hazardous waste. CBO estimates that the cost of the mandates would fall below the annual thresholds established in UMRA ($73 million for intergovernmental mandates and $146 million for private-sector mandates in 2012, adjusted annually for inflation).
Senate Report 112-20.
House Report 112-654.
Legislation summary.
10/5/2012
112-196 S. 3624 "Military Commercial Driver's License Act of 2012"
A bill to amend section 31311 of title 49, United States Code, to permit States to issue commercial driver's licenses to members of the Armed Forces whose duty station is located in the State.
CRS summary.
Revises certain commercial driver's license (CDL) requirements with which a state must comply in order to avoid the administrative penalty of a withholding by the Secretary of Transportation (DOT) of a percentage of the state's apportionment of certain federal-aid highway program funds.
Permits a state to issue a CDL to an individual who operates or will operate a commercial motor vehicle and who: (1) is an active duty member of the Armed Forces, including the military reserves, National Guard, U.S. Coast Guard, or Coast Guard Auxiliary; and (2) is not domiciled in the state, but whose temporary or permanent duty station is located there.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
10/19/2012
112-197 H.R. 2606 "New York City Natural Gas Supply Enhancement Act"
To authorize the Secretary of the Interior to allow the construction and operation of natural gas pipeline facilities in the Gateway National Recreation Area, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to issue permits for rights-of way or other necessary authorizations to allow the Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company, LLC (Transco) to construct, operate, and maintain a natural gas pipeline and related facilities within the Gateway National Recreation Area (GNRA), New York. Requires such permit to be: (1) consistent with the laws and regulations generally applicable to utility rights-of-way within units of the National Park System (NPS), and (2) subject to such terms and conditions as the Secretary deems appropriate. Requires the Secretary to: (1) charge a fee for any such permit based upon fair market value; (2) provide for recovery of costs incurred by the NPS for permit processing, issuance, and monitoring; and (3) retain any fees associated with the recovery of costs. Limits such permit to a term of 10 years, subject to renewal at the Secretary's discretion. Authorizes the Secretary to enter into a noncompetitive lease with Transco to allow the occupancy and use of buildings and associated property at Floyd Bennett Field within the GNRA to house meter and regulating equipment and other equipment necessary to the operation of the natural gas pipeline facilities. Requires such lease to: (1) comply with NPS leasing regulations, but permits the proceeds from rental payments to be used for infrastructure needs, resource protection and restoration, and visitor services at GNRA; and (2) provide for building and property restoration and maintenance, including regulations and programmatic agreements, in accordance with the National Historic Preservation Act. Authorizes the Secretary to impose citations or fines, or to suspend or revoke any authority under a permit or lease, for either noncompliance or for a violation of any term or condition.
CBO Estimate, 12/16/11.
H.R. 2606 would authorize the Secretary of the Interior to issue permits to construct a natural gas pipeline in Gateway National Recreation Area in New York. The bill also would authorize the Secretary to collect rent from leases of any National Park Service (NPS) land or buildings associated with the pipeline. Any amounts collected would be deposited in the U.S. Treasury as offsetting receipts (a credit against direct spending); therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. Enacting H.R. 2606 would not affect revenues. Based on information provided by the agency regarding proceeds from similar activities, CBO estimates that any offsetting receipts from leasing NPS land or buildings associated with a pipeline in the Gateway National Recreation Area would total less than $150,000 a year.
House Report 112-373.
Legislation summary.
11/27/2012
112-198 H.R. 4114 "Veterans' Compensation Cost-of-Living Adjustment Act of 2012"
To increase, effective as of December 1, 2012, the rates of compensation for veterans with service-connected disabilities and the rates of dependency and indemnity compensation for the survivors of certain disabled veterans, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Directs the Secretary of Veterans Affairs (VA) to increase, as of December 1, 2012, the rates of veterans' disability compensation, additional compensation for dependents, the clothing allowance for certain disabled veterans, and dependency and indemnity compensation for surviving spouses and children. Requires each such increase to be the same percentage as the increase in benefits provided under title II (Old Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance) of the Social Security Act, on the same effective date.
CBO Estimate, 5/9/12.
H.R. 4114 would increase the amounts paid to veterans for disability compensation and to their survivors for dependency and indemnity compensation by the same cost-of-living adjustment (COLA) payable to Social Security recipients. The increase would take effect on December 1, 2012, and the resulting adjustment would be rounded to the next lower dollar. The COLA that would be authorized by this bill is assumed in CBO’s baseline, consistent with section 257 of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act, and savings from rounding it down were achieved by the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (Public Law 105-33) as extended by the Veterans Benefits Act of 2003 (Public Law 108-183). Because the COLA is assumed in CBO’s baseline, the COLA provision would have no budgetary effect relative to the baseline. Relative to current law, CBO estimates that enacting this bill would increase spending for those programs by $686 million in fiscal year 2013. (The annualized cost would be about $915 million in subsequent years.) This estimate assumes that the COLA effective on December 1, 2012, would be 1.3 percent.
House Report 112-486.
Legislation summary.
11/27/2012
112-199 S. 743 "Whistleblower Protection Enhancement Act of 2012"
To amend chapter 23 of title 5, United States Code, to clarify the disclosures of information protected from prohibited personnel practices, require a statement in nondisclosure policies, forms, and agreements that such policies, forms, and agreements conform with certain disclosure protections, provide certain authority for the Special Counsel, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends federal personnel law relating to whistleblower protections to provide that such protections shall apply to a disclosure of any violation of law (currently, a violation of law). Provides that a disclosure shall not be excluded from whistleblower protections because: (1) the disclosure was made to a supervisor or to a person who participated in an activity that the employee or applicant for employment reasonably believed to evidence gross mismanagement, gross waste of funds, abuse of authority, or a substantial and specific danger to public health or safety; (2) the disclosure revealed information that had been previously disclosed; (3) of the employee or applicant's motive for making the disclosure; (4) the disclosure was not made in writing; (5) the disclosure was made while the employee was off duty; or (6) of the amount of time which has passed since the occurrence of the events described in the disclosure. Provides that a disclosure shall not be excluded from whistleblower protections if it is made during the normal course of duties of an employee with respect to whom another employee with authority took, failed to take, or threatened to take or fail to take a personnel action in reprisal for the disclosure. Defines "disclosure" as a formal or informal communication or transmission, excluding a communication concerning policy decisions that lawfully exercise discretionary authority, unless the employee or applicant making the disclosure reasonably believes that it evidences: (1) any violation of any law, rule, or regulation; or (2) gross mismanagement, gross waste of funds, abuse of authority, or a substantial and specific danger to public health or safety. Provides that any presumption regarding a public officer's performance of a duty may be rebutted by substantial evidence. Establishes a "disinterested observer" standard for evaluating the validity of disclosures that evidence violations of law, gross mismanagement, gross waste of funds, an abuse of authority, or a substantial and specific danger to public health or safety. Includes as a prohibited personnel practice the implementation or enforcement of any nondisclosure policy, form, or agreement that does not contain a specific statement that its provisions are consistent with and do not supersede, conflict with, or otherwise alter the employee obligations, rights, or liabilities created by existing statute or executive order relating to: (1) classified information; (2) communications to Congress; (3) the reporting to an Inspector General of a violation of any law, rule, or regulation or mismanagement, a gross waste of funds, an abuse of authority, or a substantial and specific danger to public health or safety; or (4) any other whistleblower protection. Allows the enforcement of a nondisclosure policy, form, or agreement that was in effect prior to the effective date of this Act if the agency gives an affected employee notice of the statement required by this section. Allows any action ordered to correct a prohibited personnel practice to include fees, costs, or damages reasonably incurred due to an agency investigation of an employee that was commenced, expanded, or extended in retaliation for the disclosure of protected activity that formed the basis of the corrective action. Adds the Office of the Director of National Intelligence and the National Reconnaissance Office to the list of intelligence community entities excluded from coverage under the Whistleblower Protection Act of 1989 (WPA). Provides that a whistleblower cannot be deprived of WPA coverage unless the President removes the whistleblower's agency from coverage prior to a challenged personnel action taken against the whistleblower. Revises the standard of proof in disciplinary proceedings against an agency employee who takes an adverse personnel action against a whistleblower to require the Office of Special Counsel to show that the whistleblower's protected disclosure was a significant motivating factor in the decision to take an adverse action, even if other factors also motivated the decision. Authorizes: (1) the Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB), in disciplinary actions, to require payment of reasonable attorney fees by the agency where the prevailing party is employed, or has applied for employment, if specified conditions apply; and (2) reasonable and foreseeable consequential and compensatory damages (including interest, reasonable expert witness fees, and costs) if MSPB orders corrective action. Requires that, during the two-year period beginning on the effective date of this Act, a petition to review a final order or decision of the MSPB that raises no challenge to the MSPB's disposition of allegations of a prohibited personnel practice shall be filed in any court of appeals of competent jurisdiction (rather than exclusively in the Federal Circuit). Allows such court discretion to grant a petition for judicial review. Extends whistleblower and other anti-discrimination protections to employees (and applicants for employment) of the Transportation Security Administration (TSA).
Note: Considerably more summary in the CRS Summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 2/1/12.
S. 743 would amend the Whistleblower Protection Act (WPA) to clarify current law and extend new legal protections to federal employees who report abuse, fraud, and waste related to government activities (such individuals are known as whistleblowers). The legislation also would affect activities of the Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB) and the Office of Special Counsel (OSC). Finally, it would establish an oversight board within the intelligence community to review whistleblower claims. CBO estimates that implementing S. 743 would cost $24 million over the 2012-2017 period, assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts for awards to whistleblowers and additional administrative costs. Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
Under current law, the OSC investigates complaints regarding reprisals against federal employees who inform authorities of fraud or other improprieties in the operation of federal programs. The OSC orders corrective action (such as job restoration, back pay, and reimbursement of attorneys’ fees and medical costs) for valid complaints. If agencies fail to take corrective actions, the OSC or the employee can pursue a case through the MSPB for resolution. Whistleblower cases may also be reviewed by the U.S. Court of Appeals.
When settling an employment dispute between the federal government and an employee regarding prohibited personnel practices, federal agencies are required to pay for an employee’s attorney, any retroactive salary payments, and any travel and medical costs associated with the claim. S. 743 would expand legal protections for whistleblowers and extend protections to passenger and baggage screeners working for the Transportation Security Administration and all federal employees working primarily on scientific research. The bill would authorize monetary awards to federal employees who suffered retaliation by their agency of up to $300,000. In addition, the legislation would allow access to jury trials and would remove the exclusive jurisdiction of the U.S. Court of Appeals over whistleblower appeals. According to the MSPB and OSC, approximately 450 whistleblower cases and around 2,000 complaints about prohibited personnel practices (including engaging in reprisals against whistleblowers) are filed against the federal government each year. CBO is unaware of comprehensive information on the current costs of corrective actions related to those cases. Damage awards depend on the particular circumstances of each case. Settlement amounts for whistleblowers have been as high as $1 million, while the average settlement is around $18,000 (most corrective action is nonmonetary, for example, amending performance appraisals). In addition, the Government Accountability Office has reported that about $15 million is spent annually (from the Treasury’s Judgment Fund) on equal employment opportunity and whistleblower cases. While it is uncertain how often damages would be awarded in such whistleblower situations, CBO expects that increasing the number of covered employees and legal protections under the bill would increase costs for such awards by about $1 million each year.
The bill would also require the Director of National Intelligence, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense and the Attorney General, to establish an appellate review board. That board would adjudicate appeals from employees who believe that they have been denied security clearances or other types of authorizations to access restricted information in retaliation for revealing certain types of misconduct. Based on information from the Office of the Director of National Intelligence about the staffing needs for similar activities, CBO estimates that implementing this provision would cost $1 million annually.
CBO expects that enacting the bill would increase the workload of the MSPB and the OSC. For fiscal year 2012, the MSPB received an appropriation of $40 million, and the OSC received $19 million. Based on information from those agencies, we estimate that when the legislation was fully implemented, those offices would spend about $2 million a year to hire additional professional and administrative staff to handle additional cases.
S. 743 would require the Government Accountability Office to prepare two reports on whistleblowers. In addition, agencies would be required to make changes to their whistleblower training and nondisclosure policies governmentwide. Based on information from federal agencies on the costs of similar requirements, CBO estimates that implementing those provisions would cost $4 million over the 2012-2017 period assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts.
Senate Report 112-155.
Legislation summary.
11/27/2012
Public Law Bill Description Date Signed
112-200 S. 1956 "European Union Emissions Trading Scheme Prohibition Act of 2011"
A bill to prohibit operators of civil aircraft of the United States from participating in the European Union's emissions trading scheme, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Directs the Secretary of Transportation (DOT) to prohibit an operator of a U.S. civil aircraft from participating in any emissions trading scheme unilaterally established by the European Union in EU Directive 2003/87/EC of October 13, 2003, in any case in which the Secretary determines such prohibition to be in the public interest, taking into account the impacts on: (1) U.S. consumers, U.S. carriers, and U.S. operators; (2) the economic, energy, and environmental security of the United States; and (3) U.S. foreign relations, including existing international commitments. Requires the Secretary to hold a public hearing at least 30 days before imposing any such prohibition. Authorizes the Secretary to reassess such a determination at any time. Requires the Secretary to reassess such a determination after: (1) any amendment by the European Union to such Directive, (2) the adoption of any international agreement concerning a worldwide approach to address aircraft emissions, or (3) the enactment of a public law or issuance of a final rule after formal agency rulemaking in the United States to address aircraft emissions. Provides that the Secretary, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), and other appropriate U.S. government officials should use their authority to conduct international negotiations, including negotiations to pursue a worldwide approach to address aircraft emissions, including the environmental impact of aircraft emissions. Requires such officials to take other actions under existing authorities that are in the public interest and that are necessary to hold operators of U.S. civil aircraft harmless from any such scheme. Prohibits such actions from including the obligation or expenditure of any amounts in the Airport and Airway Trust Fund or amounts otherwise made available to DOT or any other federal agency pursuant to appropriations Acts for the payment of any tax or penalty imposed on an operator of U.S. civil aircraft pursuant to such scheme.
CBO Estimate, 8/1/12.
The European Union (EU) has established the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), a regulatory framework related to greenhouse gas emissions. Currently, the ETS covers emissions from air carriers that operate flights within, to, and from EU member states. Negotiations between the U.S. government and the EU about the applicability of the ETS to U.S. air carriers are ongoing, and the potential outcome of those negotiations is unclear. S. 1956 would direct the Secretary of Transportation to prohibit U.S. air carriers from participating in the ETS if the Secretary believes such a prohibition to be in the public interest. The bill would direct federal agencies to continue negotiations in pursuit of a worldwide approach to addressing aviation-related emissions and would authorize the Secretary to use existing authorities to ensure that U.S. air carriers are held harmless for any costs they incur if they participate in the ETS. CBO estimates that enacting S. 1956 would have no significant impact on the federal budget. We expect that the bill would not alter the scope of diplomatic efforts currently underway or federal agencies’ costs to participate in those efforts, which are subject to appropriation. The bill would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply. S. 1956 contains no intergovernmental mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) and would not affect the budgets of state, local, or tribal governments.
S. 1956 would impose a private-sector mandate, as defined in UMRA, if U.S. air carriers would be prohibited from participating in the ETS. The cost of the mandate would depend on how the prohibition is administered by the Department of Transportation. Because information about how the prohibition would be implemented is not available, CBO has no basis for estimating the cost, if any, to U.S. air carriers. Consequently, CBO cannot determine whether the cost of the mandate would exceed the annual threshold established in UMRA for private-sector mandates ($146 million in 2012, adjusted annually for inflation).
Senate Report 112-195.
Legislation summary.
11/27/2012
112-201 H.R. 2453 "Mark Twain Commemorative Coin Act"
To require the Secretary of the Treasury to mint coins in commemoration of Mark Twain.
CRS summary.
Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to mint and issue $5 gold coins and $1 silver coins emblematic of the life and legacy of Mark Twain. Limits issuance of such coins to calendar year 2016. Requires specified surcharges in the sale of such coins, which shall be promptly paid, in specified percentages, to: (1) the Mark Twain House & Museum in Hartford, Connecticut, to support the continued restoration of the house and grounds, and ensure continuing growth and innovation in museum programming to research, promote, and educate on the legacy of Mark Twain; (2) the University of California, Berkeley, for the benefit of the Mark Twain Project at the Bancroft Library to support programs to study and promote the legacy of Mark Twain; (3) Elmira College, New York, for research and education purposes; and (4) the Mark Twain Boyhood Home and Museum in Hannibal, Missouri, to preserve historical sites related to Mark Twain and help support study and promotion programs. Instructs the Secretary to take actions to ensure that: (1) minting and issuing such coins will not result in any net cost to the federal government; and (2) no funds, including applicable surcharges, are disbursed to such recipients until the total cost of designing and issuing all coins authorized by this Act is recovered by the Treasury.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/4/2012
112-202 H.R. 6118 "Taking Essential Steps for Testing Act of 2012"
To amend section 353 of the Public Health Service Act with respect to suspension, revocation, and limitation of laboratory certification.
CRS summary.
Amends the Public Health Service Act to revise sanctions for laboratories that intentionally refer proficiency testing samples required for certification to another laboratory for analysis by: (1) giving the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) discretion to substitute intermediate sanctions for such violations instead of the two-year prohibition against ownership or operation which would otherwise apply, and (2) making the one-year certificate revocation for such a laboratory optional rather than mandatory.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/4/2012
112-203 H.R. 6131 To extend the Undertaking Spam, Spyware, And Fraud Enforcement With Enforcers beyond Borders Act of 2006, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Repeals, effective September 30, 2020, the Undertaking Spam, Spyware, And Fraud Enforcement With Enforcers beyond Borders Act of 2006 (U.S. SAFE WEB Act of 2006).
CBO Estimate, 8/16/12.
CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 6131 would have no significant effect on discretionary spending over the 2013-2017 period. Enacting H.R. 6131 could result in collections of additional civil and criminal penalties, which would affect both revenues and direct spending; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. However, CBO estimates that those effects also would be insignificant.
H.R. 6131 would reauthorize the Undertaking Spam, Spyware, and Fraud Enforcement with Enforcers beyond Borders Act, which will expire on December 22, 2013. The act provides administrative tools to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) that augment its authority to enforce federal laws related to unfair and deceptive trade practices, such as sharing information with foreign agencies and investigating fraud that originates outside of the United States. The bill also would extend an authorization to appropriate $100,000 each year for the FTC to collaborate with foreign governments and to participate in multinational organizations related to law enforcement. Based on information from the FTC, CBO expects that enacting H.R. 6131 could change the types of fraud cases the agency investigates but would not change the agency’s workload. Therefore, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 6131 would not have a significant effect on discretionary costs over the 2013-2017 period. Enacting H.R. 6131 could increase federal revenues and direct spending as a result of additional criminal and civil penalties assessed for violations of laws related to unfair and deceptive trade practices. Collections of civil penalties are recorded in the budget as revenues. Collections of criminal penalties are recorded in the budget as revenues, deposited in the Crime Victims Fund, and later spent. CBO estimates that the net effects of those transactions would be insignificant for each year because of the relatively small number of cases likely to be involved. H.R. 6131 would impose intergovernmental mandates, as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA), by extending preemptions of state and local laws that prohibit individuals from disclosing information to the FTC and that require individuals to notify third parties if they disclose information to the FTC. Under current law, the preemptions would expire at the end of 2013; the bill would extend them until September 30, 2020. While the preemptions would limit the application of state and local law, CBO estimates that they would impose no duty on state, local, or tribal governments that would result in additional spending. H.R. 6131 also would extend an existing mandate that exempts from liability private entities that voluntarily provide certain information about third parties to the FTC. The extension of such protections constitutes a mandate on those third-party entities because it limits their ability to file a claim for the disclosure or failure to provide notice of disclosure. The cost of the mandate would be the forgone net value of settlements and damages that would have been awarded. Based on information from the FTC, few such lawsuits would probably be filed. Therefore, CBO expects that the cost of the mandate would fall below the annual threshold for private-sector mandates established in UMRA ($146 million, adjusted annually for inflation).
House Report 112-653
Legislation summary.
12/4/2012
112-204 H.R. 6570 To amend the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 and the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 to consolidate certain CBO reporting requirements.
CRS summary.
Amends the Jobs Accountability Act, in title XV of division A of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, to revise the deadline for comments by the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) and the Government Accountability Office (GAO) on information contained in specified quarterly reports to the appropriate agency by each recipient of federal recovery funds with respect to an estimate of the number of jobs created and retained by the expenditure or obligation of such funds on a project or activity. Requires these comments on the quarterly reports in a year to be due 45 days after the report for the last quarter of the year is submitted. (Currently, such reports are due within 45 days after submission to the appropriate agency.) Terminates the requirement of the CBO and GAO comments on January 1, 2016. Amends the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 to change from semiannual to annual the required reports to the President and Congress from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) of specified information and estimates regarding the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP). Terminates these TARP reporting requirements with the annual period on the last day of which all troubled assets acquired by the Secretary of the Treasury have been sold or transferred out of the ownership or control of the federal government.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/4/2012
112-205 H.R. 915 "Jaime Zapata Border Enforcement Security Task Force Act"
To establish a Border Enforcement Security Task Force program to enhance border security by fostering coordinated efforts among Federal, State, and local border and law enforcement officials to protect United States border cities and communities from trans-national crime, including violence associated with drug trafficking, arms smuggling, illegal alien trafficking and smuggling, violence, and kidnapping along and across the international borders of the United States, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the Homeland Security Act of 2002 to establish within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) the Border Enforcement Security Task Force (BEST), which shall establish units to enhance border security by addressing and reducing border security threats and violence by: (1) facilitating collaboration among federal, state, local, tribal, and foreign law enforcement agencies to execute coordinated activities in furtherance of border security and homeland security; and (2) enhancing information-sharing, including the dissemination of homeland security information among such agencies. Authorizes the Secretary of Homeland Security to establish BEST units in jurisdictions in which such units can contribute to BEST missions, after considering: (1) whether the area in which the unit would be established is significantly impacted by cross-border threats; (2) the availability of federal, state, local, tribal, and foreign law enforcement resources to participate in the unit; (3) the extent to which border security threats are having a significant harmful impact in the area and in other U.S. jurisdictions; and (4) whether an Integrated Border Enforcement Team already exists in the area. Directs the Secretary, in determining whether to establish or expand a BEST unit in a given jurisdiction, to ensure that the unit under consideration does not duplicate the efforts of other existing interagency task forces or centers within that jurisdiction. Authorizes the Secretary, after determining the jurisdictions in which to establish BEST units and in order to provide federal assistance to such jurisdictions, to: (1) direct the assignment of federal personnel to BEST; and (2) take other actions to assist federal, state, local, and tribal entities to participate in BEST, including providing financial assistance for operational, administrative, and technological costs associated with such participation. Directs the Secretary to report annually on the effectiveness of the program in enhancing border security and reducing the drug trafficking, arms smuggling, illegal alien trafficking and smuggling, violence, and kidnapping along and across U.S. borders.
CBO Estimate, 9/29/11, prepared for the House Committee on Homeland Security.
CBO Estimate, 7/26/12, prepared for the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs.
CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 915 would cost about $1 million annually, assuming the availability of appropriated funds. H.R. 915 would authorize a program known as the Border Enforcement Security Task Force (BEST) within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Under the BEST program (which is currently administered by DHS), personnel from federal, state, local, tribal, and foreign law-enforcement agencies share information and carry out law-enforcement operations to combat criminal activity near the United States borders. DHS expects to spend about $1 million in fiscal year 2012 from appropriated funds to oversee the program, and CBO estimates that DHS’s continued oversight of the program would require appropriations of about that much each year.
On September 29, 2011, CBO transmitted a cost estimate for H.R. 915 as ordered reported by the House Committee on Homeland Security on September 21, 2011. This version of the act would have authorized the appropriation of $10 million annually over the 2012-2016 period for the BEST program, and CBO estimated that implementing H.R. 915 would cost $48 million over the 2012-2016 period, assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts. The Senate committee version of the legislation contains no specified authorization level.
House Report 112-268
Senate Report 112-206
Legislation summary.
12/7/2012
112-206 H.R. 6063 "Child Protection Act of 2012"
To amend title 18, United States Code, with respect to child pornography and child exploitation offenses.
CRS summary.
Amends the federal criminal code to impose a fine and/or prison term of up to 20 years for transporting, receiving, distributing, selling, or possessing pornographic images of a child under the age of 12. Requires a U.S. district court to issue a protective order prohibiting harassment or intimidation of a minor victim or witness if the court finds evidence that the conduct at issue is reasonably likely to adversely affect the willingness of the minor witness or victim to testify or otherwise participate in a federal criminal case or investigation. Directs the U.S. Sentencing Commission to review and amend the federal sentencing guidelines and policy statements to ensure that such guidelines provide an additional penalty for sex trafficking of children and other child abuse crimes. Allows the Director of the U.S. Marshals Service to issue an administrative subpoena for the investigation of unregistered sex offenders by the U.S. Marshals Service. Amends the PROTECT Our Children Act of 2008 to: (1) double the amount that the Attorney General may award a non-law enforcement agency entity annually to establish and conduct training courses for National Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Program task force members and other law enforcement officials, (2) require the Attorney General to designate a senior official at the Department of Justice (DOJ) with experience in investigating or prosecuting child exploitation cases as the National Coordinator for Child Exploitation Prevention and Interdiction to be responsible for coordinating the development of the National Strategy for Child Exploitation Prevention and Interdiction, (3) authorize appropriations for carrying out such strategy for FY2014-FY2018, (4) delete a requirement that the National Internet Crimes Against Children Data System identify high-priority suspects based on the volume of suspected criminal activity, and (5) require the Attorney General to report within 90 days after enactment of this Act on the status of the establishment of such System.
CBO Estimate, 7/30/12.
H.R. 6063 would amend certain laws that establish federal crimes related to child pornography and would reauthorize funding through 2018 for the Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) Task Force Program. CBO estimates that implementing the bill would cost $121 million over the 2013-2017 period, assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts.
For this estimate, CBO assumes that H.R. 6063 will be enacted near the start of 2013 and that the authorized amounts will be appropriated each year beginning with fiscal year 2014. Current law authorizes appropriations of $60 million a year through fiscal year 2013 for grants and technical assistance to ICAC task forces. (Funding for the ICAC Task Force Program in 2012 totals about $30 million, CBO estimates.) H.R. 6063 would extend the $60 million authorization level through 2018. The legislation also would raise the cap on grant funding for ICAC training programs from $2 million to $4 million annually for each organization. Based on historical patterns for ICAC and similar programs, CBO estimates that fully funding grants to ICAC task forces would cost $121 million over the 2014-2017 period.
CBO estimates that implementing other provisions of H.R. 6063 would have an insignificant impact on federal spending. Those provisions would:
- Increase the maximum prison sentence from 10 years to 20 years for child pornography offenses involving children under the age of 12;
- Direct the U.S. Sentencing Commission to review federal sentencing guidelines related to certain child abuse crimes;
- Allow the U.S. Marshals Service to issue administrative subpoenas to investigate unregistered sex offenders; and
- Require the Department of Justice to submit a report to the Congress on the National Internet Crimes Agaist Children Data System within 90 days after enactment.
House Report 112-638
Legislation summary.
12/7/2012
112-207 H.R. 6634 To change the effective date for the Internet publication of certain financial disclosure forms.
CRS summary.
Postpones until April 15, 2013, the effective date of the requirement under the Stop Trading on Congressional Knowledge Act of 2012 (STOCK Act) that the Secretary of the Senate, the Sergeant at Arms of the Senate, and the Clerk of the House of Representatives ensure that financial disclosure forms filed by congressional officers and employees be made available to the public on the respective official Senate and House websites within 30 days after filing. (Was originally August 31, 2012 per Public Law 112–105, postponed to September 30, 2012 per Public Law 112–173, then postponed to December 8, 2012 per Public Law 112–178.)
Postpones until the same date the effective date of the requirement that the President ensure that financial disclosure forms filed by executive branch employees are publicly available on appropriate official websites of executive branch agencies within such period.
Excludes from these effective date postponements the President, Vice President, Members of Congress, congressional candidates, and any officer occupying a position listed under Level I and Level II of the Executive Schedule having been nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate. (Thus maintains September 30, 2012, as the effective date of the requirement that such individuals make their financial disclosure forms available to the public.)
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/7/2012
112-208 H.R. 6156 "Russia and Moldova Jackson-Vanik Repeal Act of 2012"
To authorize the extension of nondiscriminatory treatment (normal trade relations treatment) to products of the Russian Federation and Moldova and to require reports on the compliance of the Russian Federation with its obligations as a member of the World Trade Organization, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Title I: Permanent Normal Trade Relations for the Russian Federation
Title II: Trade Enforcement Measures Relating to the Russian Federation
Title III: Permanent Normal Trade Relations for Moldova
Title IV: Sergei Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability Act of 2012
More summary located at the CRS Summary link above.
CBO Estimate, 7/27/12.
CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 6156 would cost $1 million over the 2013-2017 period, assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts. The bill also would affect direct spending and revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply, but CBO estimates that any such effects would not be significant in any year. H.R. 6156 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act and would not affect the budgets of state, local, or tribal governments. H.R. 6156 would remove Moldova and the Russian Federation from the list of countries specified under title IV of the Trade Act of 1974 (the Jackson-Vanik amendment), thereby granting them permanent normal trade relations (NTR) with the United States. Those countries have had NTR status with the United States for about 20 years, and CBO’s baseline reflects the expectation that they will maintain that status. Establishing permanent NTR with Moldova and the Russian Federation could potentially increase tariff collections by lifting quotas on certain imported goods. CBO estimates, however, that any such effects would be insignificant over the 2013-2022 period. Based on information from the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR), CBO estimates that implementing the provisions of H.R. 6156 would cost a total of $1 million over the 2013-2017 period, assuming the availability of appropriated funds. That amount includes affected agencies’ costs to hire additional staff, complete required reports, hold public hearings, and establish and maintain a secure phone line and Web site related to activities under the bill. CBO expects that enacting H.R. 6156 would decrease revenues from visa fees and increase revenues from civil and criminal penalties imposed on those who violate the regulations. CBO estimates that the provisions would affect few people and that revenues deposited in the Treasury would not be significant in any year. The legislation also would increase direct spending from criminal penalties, which are deposited in the Crime Victims Fund and spent in subsequent years. However, CBO expects that any net effects associated with collecting and spending such penalties would not be significant in any year.
House Report 112-632
Legislation summary.
12/14/2012
112-209 H.R. 3187 "March of Dimes Commemorative Coin Act of 2012"
To require the Secretary of the Treasury to mint coins in recognition and celebration of the 75th anniversary of the establishment of the March of Dimes Foundation.
CRS summary.
Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to mint and issue up to 500,000 $1 silver coins emblematic of the mission and programs of the March of Dimes. Requires the design of the coins to be emblematic of the mission and programs of the March of Dimes and its record of generating Americans' support to protect our children's health. Permits issuance of such coins only during the one-year period beginning on January 1, 2015. Requires all surcharges received by the Secretary from the sale of such coins to be promptly paid to the March of Dimes to help finance research, education, and services aimed at improving the health of women, infants, and children. Subjects the March of Dimes to federal audit requirements. Instructs the Secretary to take necessary action to ensure that: (1) minting and issuing coins under this Act will not result in any net cost to the federal government; and (2) no funds, including applicable surcharges, shall be disbursed to March of Dimes to help finance research, education, and services aimed at improving the health of women, infants, and children until the total cost of designing and issuing the coins authorized by this Act is recovered by the Treasury.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/18/2012
112-210 H.R. 6582 "American Energy Manufacturing Technical Corrections Act"
To allow for innovations and alternative technologies that meet or exceed desired energy efficiency goals, and to make technical corrections to existing Federal energy efficiency laws to allow American manufacturers to remain competitive.
CRS summary.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/18/2012
112-211 S. 3486 "Patent Law Treaties Implementation Act of 2012"
A bill to implement the provisions of the Hague Agreement and the Patent Law Treaty.
CRS summary.
Amends federal patent law to implement the Geneva Act of the Hague Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Industrial Designs (Hague Treaty) and the Patent Law Treaty. (Both treaties were ratified by the Senate on December 7, 2007.) Standardizes application procedures to be consistent with other member countries.
Title I: Hague Agreement Concerning International Registration of Industrial Designs - Allows any person who is a U.S. national, or has a domicile, habitual residence, or real and effective industrial or commercial establishment in the United States, to file an international design application for international registration with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) (thereby enabling U.S. applicants to file a single application with USPTO instead of separate applications in multiple countries). Directs the USPTO to collect and transmit international fees and forward international design applications to the intergovernmental International Bureau recognized as the coordinating body under the Hague Treaty and its common regulations. Requires an international design application on an industrial design made in the United States to constitute the filing of an application in a foreign country if such application is filed: (1) in a country other than the United States, (2) at the International Bureau, or (3) with an intergovernmental organization.
Title II: Patent Law Treaty Implementation - Revises patent application procedures with respect to filing dates, fees, and surcharges for fees, oaths, or declarations and claims submitted after the filing date. Authorizes the Director to prescribe conditions on references to previously filed applications. Permits the Director to establish procedures to revive an unintentionally abandoned patent application, accept an unintentionally delayed payment of the fee for issuing each patent, or accept an unintentionally delayed response by the patent owner in a reexamination proceeding, upon petition by the applicant or patent owner. Authorizes the Director to: (1) prescribe regulations and fees for the extension of application periods for inventors who previously filed provisional applications or applications for the same invention in a foreign country, (2) establish procedures to accept an unintentionally delayed claim for priority under the Patent Cooperation Treaty and to accept a priority claim that pertains to an application that was not filed within the specified priority period but was filed within the extended application period. Directs the USPTO to maintain a register of interests in patents and applications for patents. Applies patent assignment requirements to interests that constitute an assignment, grant, or conveyance.
CBO Estimate, 10/15/12.
CBO estimates that implementing S. 3486 would not have a significant effect on the federal budget. Enacting S. 3486 would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply. The act would make changes to sections of current law that relate to certain application and review procedures of the Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) in order to be compatible with two treaties, the Geneva Act of the Hague Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Industrial Designs and the Patent Law Treaty. Both agreements were ratified by the Senate on December 7, 2007. S. 3486 would, among other things, extend the period of coverage for a design patent from 14 to 15 years, standardize application procedures with other participants in the treaties, and establish procedures to revive an application that had been unintentionally abandoned. Based on information from PTO, CBO expects that the agency would likely receive more international applications for design patents and more requests to revive abandoned applications as a result of the changes required by the act. However, based on historical trends for similar activities, such as international applications for nondesign patents, CBO estimates that the increased volume would not have a significant effect on the agency’s workload. Further, under current law, PTO is authorized to set fee rates in order to collect amounts sufficient to offset its operating expenses each year. Assuming appropriation actions consistent with that authority, CBO estimates that implementing S. 3486 would not have a significant effect on discretionary spending.
Legislation summary.
12/18/2012
112-212 H.R. 2467 "Bridgeport Indian Colony Land Trust, Health, and Economic Development Act of 2012"
To take certain Federal lands in Mono County, California, into trust for the benefit of the Bridgeport Indian Colony.
CRS summary.
Declares approximately 39.36 acres of federal land in Mono County, California, to be held in trust by the United States for the benefit of the Bridgeport Indian Colony. Prohibits class II or III gaming from being conducted on such lands. Retains the responsibility of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) for the oversight and renewal of all easements and rights-of-way with the Bridgeport Public Utility District that exist on the date of this Act's enactment.
CBO Estimate, 6/1/12, prepared for the House Committee on Natural Resources.
CBO Estimate, 10/22/12, prepared for the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs.
H.R. 2467 would authorize the transfer of 39 acres of federal land into trust for the benefit of the Bridgeport Paiute Indian Colony of California. The land consists of a 32-acre parcel adjacent to the existing 40-acre reservation and a 7.5-acre parcel currently under lease by the Toiyabe Indian Health Project (TIHP), a consortium of seven federally recognized tribes, including the Bridgeport Paiute Indian Colony of California. H.R. 2467 would prohibit gaming (gambling other than social games for minimal value) activities on the affected properties. Based on information provided by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), CBO estimates that any administrative costs to carry out the act’s provisions would be minimal. (Any such costs would be subject to the availability of appropriated funds.) Enacting H.R. 2467 would have an insignificant effect on direct spending; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. Under current law, BLM collects $1,500 annually under a Recreation and Public Purposes Act lease with the TIHP. Under the legislation, those receipts would no longer be collected. BLM could sell the specified properties; however, CBO has no information indicating that any significant amounts are expected from sales proceeds over the 2013-2022 period.
Legislation summary.
12/20/2012
112-213 H.R. 2838 "Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2012"
An Act to authorize appropriations for the Coast Guard for fiscal years 2013 through 2014, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
* Title I: Authorization
* Title II: Coast Guard
* Title III: Shipping and Navigation
* Title IV: Maritime Administration Authorization
* Title V: Piracy - Piracy Suppression Act of 2012
* Title VI: Marine Debris - Marine Debris Act Amendments of 2012
* Title VII: Miscellaneous
More summary at CRS Summary link above.
House Report 112-229.
CBO Estimate, dated 9/30/11, prepared for House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure.
H.R. 2838 would authorize appropriations for United States Coast Guard (USCG) activities through fiscal year 2014, Maritime Administration (MARAD) grants for certain short-distance shipping activities through fiscal year 2016, and Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) activities through fiscal year 2015. In total, the bill would authorize the appropriation of about $25.8 billion for such activities, $25.7 billion of it for ongoing USCG operations. CBO estimates that implementing the bill would cost about $24.4 billion over the 2012-2016 period, assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts.
Legislation summary.
12/20/2012
112-214 H.R. 3319 To allow the Pascua Yaqui Tribe to determine the requirements for membership in that tribe.
CRS summary.
Makes any U.S. citizen of Pascua Yaqui blood who is enrolled by the Pascua Yaqui Tribe eligible for the federal services and benefits made available to members of federally recognized tribes.
House Report 112-675
CBO Estimate: see page 3 of House Report 112-675.
H.R. 3319 would allow the Pascua Yaqui tribe of Arizona to establish its own eligibility requirements for determining membership in the tribe. Based on information provided by the Department of the Interior and the Pascua Yaqui tribe, CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would cost $9 million over the 2013–2017 period, assuming appropriation of the necessary funds. CBO estimates that the legislation would increase tribal membership by about 800 people compared to the existing population of about 18,000. The new members would be eligible for benefits provided by the Indian Health Service (IHS). Assuming appropriation of the necessary funds, CBO estimates that the IHS benefits for the additional members would cost about $2 million annually.
Legislation summary.
12/20/2012
112-215 H.R. 4014 To amend the Federal Deposit Insurance Act with respect to information provided to the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection.
CRS summary.
Amends the Federal Deposit Insurance Act to make the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) a "covered agency" that may share information with another covered agency or any other federal agency without waiving any privilege applicable to the information. Prohibits information submitted to the CFPB in the course of its supervisory or regulatory process from being construed as waiving, destroying, or affecting any privilege that may be claimed with respect to such information under federal or state law as to any person or entity other than the CFPB, another federal banking agency, a state bank supervisor, or a foreign banking authority.
House Report 112-417
CBO estimate, dated 3/19/12, prepared for House Committee on Financial Services.
H.R. 4014 would clarify that sharing privileged information with the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) does not waive certain legal privileges and would not open that information or a financial institution up to a third-party subpoena. CBO estimates that enacting this legislation would have no impact on the federal budget. Under current law, sharing privileged information with a covered agency during the course of a supervisory or regulatory process does not waive attorney-client, workproduct, or other privileges recognized under federal or state law. Covered agencies include, for example, any federal banking agency, the Farm Credit Administration, the Government Accountability Office, and the Federal Housing Finance Agency. H.R. 4014 would add the CFPB to the list of covered agencies, thus protecting information shared with the bureau in a similar manner. The CFPB has indicated that it would follow this practice in absence of legislation and has recently issued a proposed rulemaking to that effect. Enacting this legislation would eliminate any uncertainty about whether the CFPB can protect such information.
Legislation summary.
12/20/2012
112-216 H.R. 4367 To amend the Electronic Fund Transfer Act to limit the fee disclosure requirement for an automatic teller machine to the screen of that machine.
CRS summary.
Amends the Electronic Fund Transfer Act with respect to mandatory fee disclosures on automated teller machines (ATMs) operated by a person other than a financial institution holding a consumer's account. Repeals the requirement that such a fee disclosure appear in a prominent and conspicuous location on or at the ATM. Limits such requirement to appearance of a fee disclosure on the ATM screen.
House Report 112-576
CBO estimate, dated 6/29/12, prepared for House Committee on Financial Services.
H.R. 4367 would affect direct spending and revenues. The bill would require the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) and the Federal Reserve Board to revise certain disclosure regulations. Changes in the CFPB’s workload are reflected as increases or decreases in its mandatory appropriations, while changes in the workload of the Federal Reserve Board are reflected in the budget as changes in revenues. Based on information from those agencies, CBO estimates that revising those regulations would not have a significant effect on their workload and any change in direct spending (for the CFPB) or revenues (for the Federal Reserve Board) would be insignificant. Implementing H.R. 4367 would not affect spending subject to appropriation. Under current law, operators of automatic teller machines (ATMs) are required to disclose fees charged to use the machine by posting a notice both on the equipment itself and on the computer screen of the ATM. H.R. 4367 would eliminate the requirement that the fee notice be displayed on the machine, allowing the disclosure requirement to be met if the notice appears only on the ATM screen.
Legislation summary.
12/20/2012
112-217 S. 1998 "DHS Audit Requirement Target (DART) Act of 2012"
A bill to obtain an unqualified audit opinion, and improve financial accountability and management at the Department of Homeland Security.
CRS Summary
Directs the Secretary of Homeland Security, in order to comply with the Department of Homeland Security Financial Accountability Act, to ensure that the balance sheet of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and associated statement of custodial activity for FY2012 and FY2013, and the full set of consolidated financial statements of DHS for FY2014 through FY2016, are ready in a timely manner and in preparation for an audit as part of preparing required performance and accountability reports. Directs the Chief Financial Officer of DHS to: (1) submit a report on the plans to obtain an unqualified opinion annually until an unqualified opinion is submitted, and (2) submit to Congress and the Comptroller General a report on DHS's plans and resources needed to modernize DHS's financial systems. Directs the Comptroller General to submit a report that provides: (1) an assessment of the status of the financial system modernization by DHS; (2) an assessment of the plans to modernize, and developments at DHS relating to, DHS's financial system; and (3) recommendations for improving the plans for a new financial system at DHS.
Senate Report 112-230
CBO estimate, dated 5/3/12, prepared for Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs.
CBO estimates that implementing S. 1998 would have no significant cost to the federal government. Enacting the legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues. S. 1998 would direct the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to improve financial management, internal controls, and documentation so that financial statements for fiscal year 2013 and subsequent years are prepared for auditing. The bill’s requirements are similar to those in current law and to the department’s plans to improve financial reporting, so CBO estimates that implementing S. 1998 would not significantly affect DHS spending.

Legislation summary.
12/20/2012
112-218 S. 3542 "No-Hassle Flying Act of 2012"
A bill to authorize the Assistant Secretary of Homeland Security (Transportation Security Administration) to modify screening requirements for checked baggage arriving from preclearance airports, and for other purposes.
CRS Summary
Authorizes the Assistant Secretary of Homeland Security (Transportation Security Administration [TSA]) to determine whether checked baggage on a flight or flight segment originating at an airport outside the United States must be re-screened in the United States for explosives before it can continue on any additional flight or flight segment if the baggage has already been screened in the foreign airport in accordance with an aviation security preclearance agreement between the United States and the country in which the airport is located. Defines "aviation security preclearance agreement" to mean an agreement that delineates and implements security standards and protocols comparable to those of the United States and therefore sufficiently effective to enable passengers to deplane into sterile areas of U.S. airports. Directs the Assistant Secretary to report annually to Congress on the re-screening of baggage.
No CBO estimate.

Legislation summary.
12/20/2012
112-219 H.R. 3477 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 133 Hare Road in Crosby, Texas, as the Army First Sergeant David McNerney Post Office Building.
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 133 Hare Road in Crosby, Texas, as the Army First Sergeant David McNerney Post Office Building.
NO CBO estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012
112-220 H.R. 3783 "Countering Iran in the Western Hemisphere Act of 2012"; To provide for a comprehensive strategy to counter Iran's growing presence and hostile activity in the Western Hemisphere, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
States that it is U.S. policy to use a comprehensive strategy to counter Iran's growing hostile presence in the Western Hemisphere by working together with U.S. allies and partners in the region to deter threats to U.S. interests by Iran, the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), the IRGC's Qods Force, and Hezbollah. Directs the Secretary of State to submit to Congress a strategy to address Iran's growing presence and activity in the Western Hemisphere which should include: (1) descriptions of the presence, activities, and operations of Iran, the IRGC, the IRGC's Qods Force, and Hezbollah; (2) descriptions of the terrain, population, ports, foreign firms, airports, borders, media outlets, financial centers, foreign embassies, charities, religious and cultural centers, and income-generating activities utilized by Iran, the IRGC, the IRGC's Qods Force, and Hezbollah; (3) descriptions of the relationship of Iran, the IRGC, the IRGC's Qods Force, and Hezbollah with transnational criminal organizations; (4) descriptions of the relationship of Iran, the IRGC, the IRGC's Qods Force, and Hezbollah that may be present with governments in the Western Hemisphere; (5) descriptions of federal law enforcement capabilities, military forces, state and local government institutions, and other critical elements, such as nongovernmental organizations that may organize to counter the Iranian threat in the Western Hemisphere; (6) descriptions of activity by Iran, the IRGC, the IRGC's Qods Force, and Hezbollah that may be present at the U.S. borders with Mexico and Canada and at other international borders within the Western Hemisphere; and (7) a plan to address efforts by foreign persons, entities, and governments in the region to assist Iran in evading sanctions, to protect U.S. interests, assets, and allies in the Western Hemisphere, to support U.S. efforts to designate persons and entities in the Western Hemisphere for proliferation and terrorist activities relating to Iran, and to address vital U.S. interests in ensuring energy supplies from the Western Hemisphere. Authorizes such strategy to be submitted in classified form, but requires it to include an unclassified summary of policy recommendations addressing the growing Iranian threat in the Western Hemisphere. Expresses the sense of Congress that the Secretary should keep Congress informed about Iran's hostile actions in the Western Hemisphere.
CBO estimate, dated 5/1/12.
H.R. 3783 would require the Secretary of State to conduct a detailed threat assessment of Iran’s growing activity in the Western Hemisphere, develop a strategy to address those threats, and report to the Congress on the implementation and evaluation of that strategy. Based on information from the Department of State, CBO estimates that the department would hire an additional eight people (six overseas personnel at an annual cost per person of about $550,000 and two domestic personnel at an annual cost per person of about $200,000) and require annual appropriations of about $4 million a year to implement the bill’s provisions. CBO estimates that additional costs to the Departments of Homeland Security, Justice, and the Treasury in contributing to the threat assessment would be less than $500,000 a year and total $1 million over the 2013-2017 period. In total, CBO estimates that implementing the bill would have discretionary costs of $18 million over the 2013-2017 period, assuming appropriation of the estimated amounts.
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012
112-221 H.R. 3870 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 6083 Highway 36 West in Rose Bud, Arkansas, as the "Nicky 'Nick' Daniel Bacon Post Office".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 6083 Highway 36 West in Rose Bud, Arkansas, as the "Nicky 'Nick' Daniel Bacon Post Office."
NO CBO estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012
112-222 H.R. 3912 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 110 Mastic Road in Mastic Beach, New York, as the "Brigadier General Nathaniel Woodhull Post Office Building".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 110 Mastic Road in Mastic Beach, New York, as the "Brigadier General Nathaniel Woodhull Post Office Building."
NO CBO estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012
112-223 H.R. 5738 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 15285 Samohin Drive in Macomb, Michigan, as the "Lance Cpl. Anthony A. DiLisio Clinton-Macomb Carrier Annex".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 15285 Samohin Drive in Macomb, Michigan, as the "Lance Cpl. Anthony A. DiLisio Clinton-Macomb Carrier Annex."
NO CBO estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012
112-224 H.R. 5837 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 26 East Genesee Street in Baldwinsville, New York, as the "Corporal Kyle Schneider Post Office Building".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 26 East Genesee Street in Baldwinsville, New York, as the "Corporal Kyle Schneider Post Office Building."
NO CBO estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012
112-225 H.R. 5954 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 320 7th Street in Ellwood City, Pennsylvania, as the "Sergeant Leslie H. Sabo, Jr. Post Office Building".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 320 7th Street in Ellwood City, Pennsylvania, as the "Sergeant Leslie H. Sabo, Jr. Post Office Building."
NO CBO estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012
112-226 H.R. 6116 To amend the Revised Organic Act of the Virgin Islands to provide for direct review by the United States Supreme Court of decisions of the Virgin Islands Supreme Court, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the Revised Organic Act of the Virgin Islands, with respect to the judicial procedure for appealing from the decisions of courts of the Virgin Islands to courts of the United States, to remove the temporary jurisdiction of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit to review by a writ of certiorari the final decisions of the highest court of the Virgin Islands. Authorizes final judgments or decrees rendered by the Supreme Court of the Virgin Islands to be reviewed by the U.S. Supreme Court by writ of certiorari where the validity of a treaty or statute of the United States is drawn in question or where the validity of a statute of the Virgin Islands is drawn in question on the ground of its being repugnant to the Constitution, treaties, or laws of the United States, or where any title, right, privilege, or immunity is specially set up or claimed under the Constitution or the treaties or statutes of, or any commission held or authority exercised under, the United States. Applies such U.S. Supreme Court reviewing authority to cases commenced on or after enactment of this Act.
NO CBO estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012
112-227 H.R. 6223 To amend section 1059(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 to clarify that a period of employment abroad by the Chief of Mission or United States Armed Forces as a translator, interpreter, or in a security-related position in an executive or managerial capacity is to be counted as a period of residence and physical presence in the United States for purposes of qualifying for naturalization, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 to consider the period of time that a person was employed by the Chief of Mission or the U.S. Armed Forces, under contract with the Chief of Mission or the U.S. Armed Forces, or was employed by a firm or corporation under contract with the Chief of Mission or the U.S. Armed Forces as a translator, interpreter, or in an executive or managerial level security position as a period of U.S. residence and physical presence for naturalization purposes if at least a portion of such period was spent abroad working directly in such capacity for the Chief of Mission or U.S. Armed Forces. Makes such amendment effective as if included in the enactment of a specified section of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006.
NO CBO estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012
112-228 H.J. Res. 122 Establishing the date for the counting of the electoral votes for President and Vice President cast by the electors in December 2012.
CRS summary.
NO CBO estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012
112-229 S. 1379 "D.C. Courts and Public Defender Service Act of 2011"
A bill to amend title 11, District of Columbia Official Code, to revise certain administrative authorities of the District of Columbia courts, and to authorize the District of Columbia Public Defender Service to provide professional liability insurance for officers and employees of the Service for claims relating to services furnished within the scope of employment with the Service.
CRS Summary
Amends the District of Columbia Official Code to require the chief judge of the District of Columbia Court of Appeals to: (1) call biennial or, as under current law, annual judicial conferences; and (2) summon active magistrate judges to such conferences. Authorizes the chief judges of the District Superior Court and of the District Court of Appeals to toll or delay judicial proceedings in certain natural disaster or other emergency situations. Limits such toll or delay to 14 days, unless the chief judge determines, with the consent of the Joint Committee on Judicial Administration, that an emergency situation requires additional extensions. Authorizes the Executive Officer of the District of Columbia courts to enter into agreements to provide the Mayor of the District with equipment, supplies, and services and credit reimbursements received from the Mayor for them to the appropriation of the District of Columbia courts against which they were charged. Amends the District of Columbia Court Reform and Criminal Procedure Act of 1970 to require the District of Columbia Public Defender Service, to the extent its Director considers appropriate, to provide representation for and hold harmless, or provide liability insurance for, any employee, member of the Board of Trustees, or officer of the Service for money damages arising out of any claim, proceeding, or case at law relating to the furnishing of representational, management, or related services while acting within the scope of that person's office or employment, including employment actions, injury, loss of liberty, property damage, loss of property, personal injury, or death arising from the officer's or employee's malpractice or negligence. Reduces from five to three years the term an individual may be assigned to serve as a judge of the Family Court of the Superior Court.
CBO estimate, dated 11/2/11.
S. 1379 would change the District of Columbia Official Code that governs the D.C. Courts system and the office of the public defender. Based on information provided by the court system, CBO estimates that the proposed changes would not have a significant effect on the federal budget. Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply. Under current law, the budget of the D.C. Courts system, including the Public Defender Service, is funded by federal appropriations, and its expenditures are recorded on the federal budget. Among other changes, the bill would authorize the D.C. Courts to accept reimbursement from the District of Columbia government for certain equipment, services, and supplies. Such reimbursements would be credited to the appropriation for the D.C. Courts system, and CBO estimates that any net effect on the federal budget would be negligible.
Senate Report 112-178
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012
112-230 S. 2170 "Hatch Act Modernization Act of 2012"
A bill to amend the provisions of title 5, United States Code, which are commonly referred to as the 'Hatch Act', to scale back the provision forbidding certain State and local employees from seeking elective office, clarify the application of certain provisions to the District of Columbia, and modify the penalties which may be imposed for certain violations under subchapter III of chapter 73 of that title.
CRS Summary
Allows a state or local officer or employee to be a candidate for partisan elective office unless the salary of such officer or employee is paid completely, directly or indirectly, by loans or grants made by the United States or a federal agency.
Redefines "state or local agency" for purposes of the Hatch Act to include the executive branch of the District of Columbia, or an agency or department thereof. Extends the exemption from Hatch Act requirements for state or local officers or employees to individuals employed by an educational or research institution, establishment, agency or system supported in whole or in part by the District of Columbia. Extends the exemption from the prohibition against running for elective office to the head of an executive department of the District of Columbia who is not classified under an applicable merit or civil-service system. Extends to agencies of the District of Columbia provisions requiring the the Merit System Protection Board (MSPB) to withhold funds from agencies that reappoint employees removed for violating the Hatch Act within 18 months after removal. Exempts individuals employed or holding office in the District of Columbia from provisions of the Hatch Act applicable to federal employees. Makes federal employees living in the District of Columbia eligible to participate in local politics to the same extent as federal employees living in nearby areas of Maryland or Virginia.
Replaces existing penalty provisions for violations of the Hatch Act to make an offending employee subject to removal (currently, removal is mandatory), reduction in grade, debarment from federal employment for five years, suspension, reprimand, or a civil penalty of not more than $1,000.
Makes the new penalties imposed by this Act applicable to violations occurring before, on, or after the effective date of this Act, unless, before the effective date of this Act, the Special Counsel has presented a complaint for disciplinary action with respect to an alleged violation or the employee alleged to have committed the violation has entered into a signed settlement agreement with the Special Counsel.
CBO estimate, dated 7/11/12.
S. 2170 would amend the Hatch Act, which covers the political activities of public employees. The legislation would remove some restrictions on the political activities of most District of Columbia government employees and many other state and local officials. In addition, S. 2170 would establish civil penalties for federal employees that violate the Hatch Act. Under current law, state and local government employees are prohibited from running for a partisan political office if their employment relates to an activity at least partly financed with federal funds. Under S. 2170, many state and local employees, including those from the District of Columbia, could run for partisan office. Based on information from the Office of Special Counsel, CBO estimates that implementing those provisions would have no significant impact on the federal budget. Because enacting S. 2170 could increase revenues from civil fines that could be imposed on federal employees who violate the Hatch Act, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. However, CBO expects that any additional revenues collected would not be significant in any year. Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending.
Senate Report 112-211
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012
112-231 S. 2367 "21st Century Language Act of 2012"
A bill to strike the word "lunatic" from Federal law, and for other purposes.
CRS Summary
Removes references to the word "lunatic" from rules of construction of the U.S. Code and banking law provisions concerning: (1) trust powers of banks, and (2) bank consolidations and mergers.
No CBO estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012
112-232 S. 3193 "Barona Band of Mission Indians Land Transfer Clarification Act of 2012"
A bill to make technical corrections to the legal description of certain land to be held in trust for the Barona Band of Mission Indians, and for other purposes.
CRS Summary
Amends the Native American Technical Corrections Act of 2004 to revise the description of the land to be held in trust for the Barona Band of Mission Indians of California. States that the parcel of private, non-Indian land that is excluded from the revised description was not intended to be held in trust for the Band or considered to be part of its reservation.
CBO estimate, dated 7/13/12, prepared for the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs.
CBO estimate, dated 12/14/12, prepared for the House Committee on Natural Resources.
S. 3193 would amend the legal description of lands taken into federal trust for the benefit of the Barona Band of Mission Indians in California. The amendment would exclude private property that was originally included when the lands were taken into trust under the Native American Technical Corrections Act of 2004. Based on information provided by the Department of the Interior, CBO estimates that the act would have no significant impact on the federal budget. Enacting S. 3193 would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
On July 13, 2012, CBO transmitted a cost estimate for S. 3193, the Barona Band of Mission Indians Land Transfer Clarification Act of 2012, as ordered reported by the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs on June 28, 2012. The two pieces of legislation are nearly identical, and the estimated costs are the same.
Senate Report 112-207
House Report 112-702
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012
112-233 S. 3311 A bill to designate the United States courthouse located at 2601 2nd Avenue North, Billings, Montana, as the "James F. Battin United States Courthouse".
CRS Summary
Designates the U.S. courthouse located at 2601 2nd Avenue North, Billings, Montana, as the "James F. Battin United States Courthouse."
Declares that the "James F. Battin United States Courthouse" located at 315 North 26th Street, Billings, Montana, shall no longer be so named.
No CBO estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012
112-234 S. 3315 "GAO Mandates Revision Act of 2012"
A bill to repeal or modify certain mandates of the Government Accountability Office.
CRS Summary
Amends the Arizona-Idaho Conservation Act of 1988 to require audits of the transactions of the U.S. Capitol Preservation Commission at least once every three years, rather than annually, unless the Chairman or Ranking Member of the House Committee on House Administration or the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration, the Secretary of the Senate, or the Clerk of the House of Representatives requests that an audit be conducted at an earlier date. Amends the federal judicial code to repeal the requirement that the Comptroller General (GAO) review contributions to the Judicial Survivors' Annuities Fund at the end of each three-fiscal year period. Changes reporting and audit requirements of the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) to require: (1) reports on the strategy of ONDCP's national media campaign on February 1, 2013, and every three years thereafter, rather than annually, and (2) audits of the programs and operations of ONDCP not later than December 31, 2013, and every three years thereafter, rather than annually. Amends the Veterans' Benefits Act of 2010 to modify the annual GAO reporting requirement for the demonstration project for referral of claims under the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994 to the Office of Special Counsel to require only one annual report after the commencement of the demonstration project. Amends the Semipostal Authorization Act to repeal the requirement that GAO issue an interim report four years after a semipostal stamp is first made available to the public and a final report not later than six months before the semipostal stamp's scheduled expiration date. Amends the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act to eliminate the annual GAO review requirement for the Earned Import Allowance Program for imports of textiles. Eliminates requirements that the American Battle Monuments Commission prepare an annual financial statement and obtain an annual audit of its financial statement by GAO. Requires audits of the Senate Preservation Fund at least once every three years, rather than annually, unless the Chairman or the Ranking Member of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration or the Secretary of the Senate requests that an audit be conducted at an earlier date.
CBO estimate, dated 7/12/12.
S. 3315 would reduce the number of reviews and audits conducted by the Government Accountability Office (GAO) for eight specified activities. The Congress often requires that the GAO perform an annual examination of a program, agency, or other federal activity. S. 3315 would modify or repeal a small number of the reviews and audits GAO is required to perform. CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would have no significant impact on the federal budget. GAO has an annual budget of more than $500 million and prepares hundreds of products for the Congress each year. CBO expects that implementing S. 3315 would not significantly decrease the agency’s current workload. Any reduction in the agency’s annual cost from implementing S. 3315 would depend on the amounts provided to GAO in future appropriation bills. Enacting S. 3315 would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
Senate Report 112-219
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012
112-235 S. 3564 "Public Interest Declassification Board Reauthorization Act of 2012"
To extend the Public Interest Declassification Act of 2000 until 2014 and for other purposes.
CRS Summary
Amends the Public Interest Declassification Act of 2000 to: (1) require any appointment to the Public Interest Declassification Board to be for three years from the date of the appointment, (2) remove the requirement that a Board member appointed to fill a vacancy before the expiration of a term serve for the remainder of such term, and (3) extend Board authority through 2014.
No CBO estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012
112-236 S. 3642 "Theft of Trade Secrets Clarification Act of 2012"
A bill to clarify the scope of the Economic Espionage Act of 1996.
CRS Summary
Amends the Economic Espionage Act of 1996 to apply the prohibition against the theft of trade secrets to a trade secret that is related to a product or service used in or intended for use in interstate or foreign commerce (currently, a trade secret that is related to or included in a product that is produced for or placed in interstate or foreign commerce).
No CBO estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012
112-237 S. 3687 A bill to amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act to reauthorize the Lake Pontchartrain Basin Restoration Program, to designate certain Federal buildings, and for other purposes.
CRS Summary
Amends the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (commonly known as the Clean Water Act) to revise the Lake Pontchartrain Basin Restoration Program to: (1) limit grants by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to no more than 75% of project costs, and (2) authorize the appropriation of the amount appropriated for FY2009 for each of FY2013-FY2017.
Designates: (1) the EPA headquarters located at 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue N.W., Washington, DC, known as the Ariel Rios Building, as the "William Jefferson Clinton Federal Building," (2) the federal building and U.S. courthouse located at 200 East Wall Street in Midland, Texas, known as the George Mahon Federal Building, as the "George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush United States Courthouse and George Mahon Federal Building," and (3) the federal building currently known as Federal Office Building 8, located at 200 C Street SW, Washington, DC, as the "Thomas P. O'Neill, Jr. Federal Building."
Makes the Lacey Act Amendments of 1981 and provisions of the federal criminal code prohibiting importation of injurious animals inapplicable to any water transfer by the North Texas Municipal Water District and the Greater Texoma Utility Authority using only closed conveyance systems from the Lake Texoma raw water intake structure to treatment facilities at which all zebra mussels are extirpated and removed from the transferred water.
Directs the Secretary of the Interior to convey the McKinney Lake National Fish Hatchery in Richmond County, North Carolina, to the state of North Carolina to be used by the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission as a component of the fish and wildlife management program of the state. Requires the state to allow the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) to use such property for the propagation of any critically important aquatic resource held in public trust to address the specific restoration or recovery needs of such resource. Requires reversion of the property if it is used for any purpose other than as described above.
No CBO estimate.
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012
112-238 H.R. 5949 "FISA Amendments Act Reauthorization Act of 2012"
To extend the FISA Amendments Act of 2008 for five years.
CRS summary.
Amends the FISA (Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act) Amendments Act of 2008 to extend until December 31, 2017: (1) the date for repeal of title VII of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (procedures concerning the electronic surveillance of certain persons outside the United States for foreign intelligence information purposes); and (2) any order, authorization, or directive issued or made under that title.
CBO estimate, dated 7/2/12, prepared for the House Committee on the Judiciary.
CBO estimate, dated 7/19/12, prepared for the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence.
H.R. 5949 would extend the authority of the federal government to conduct surveillance pursuant to the FISA Amendments Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-261). Because CBO does not provide cost estimates for classified programs, this estimate addresses only the budgetary effects on unclassified programs affected by the bill. On that basis, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 5949 would have no significant cost to the federal government. Enacting the bill could affect direct spending and revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. However, CBO estimates that any effects would be insignificant for each year.
The FISA Amendments Act of 2008 clarified the authority of the federal government to surveil and intercept communications of certain persons located outside the United States. H.R. 5949 would extend the provisions of that act by five years (otherwise they expire after December 31, 2012). As a result, the government might be able to prosecute criminal cases that it otherwise would not be able to pursue. CBO expects that H.R. 5949 would apply to a relatively small number of additional offenders, however, so any increase in costs for law enforcement, court proceedings, or prison operations would not be significant. Any such costs would be subject to the availability of appropriated funds. Because those prosecuted and convicted under H.R. 5949 could be subject to criminal fines, the federal government might collect additional fines if the legislation is enacted. Criminal fines are deposited as revenues in the Crime Victims Fund and later spent. CBO expects that any additional revenues and direct spending would not be significant because of the relatively small number of cases likely to be affected.
The bill would impose both private-sector and intergovernmental mandates by extending an existing mandate that would limit civil actions and require providers of communication services to provide information. There is little information about the prevalence of electronic surveillance in those cases or the scope or size of potential awards from such cases. Consequently, CBO cannot determine whether the costs of those mandates would exceed the annual threshold established by the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) for private-sector mandates ($146 million in 2012, adjusted annually for inflation). However, few public entities receive requests for such information, and the costs on them would be small. The bill also would extend an existing preemption on state and local governments regarding legal rights of action. CBO estimates that the costs to public entities of all the intergovernmental mandates in the bill would be small and well below the annual threshold established in UMRA ($73 million in 2012, adjusted annually for inflation).
On July 2, 2012, CBO transmitted a cost estimate for H.R. 5949, the FISA Amendments Act Reauthorization Act of 2012, as ordered reported by the House Committee on the Judiciary on June 19, 2012. Both versions of H.R. 5949 and their estimated costs are the same.
Legislation summary.
12/30/2012
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H.R. 4310



















H.R. 4310
"National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013"
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2013 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes.
Includes: "End Trafficking in Government Contracting Act of 2012"; "Interagency Personnel Rotation Act of 2012"; "Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013"
CRS summary.
Table of Contents listed below. Additional details in CRS Summary at link above.
  • Division A: Department of Defense Authorizations
    • Title I: Procurement
      • Subtitle A: Authorization of Appropriations
      • Subtitle B: Army Programs
      • Subtitle C: Navy Programs
      • Subtitle D: Air Force Programs
      • Subtitle E: Joint and Multiservice Matters
    • Title II: Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation
      • Subtitle A: Authorization of Appropriations
      • Subtitle B: Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations
      • Subtitle C: Missile Defense Programs
      • Subtitle D: Reports
      • Subtitle E: Other Matters
    • Title III: Operation and Maintenance
      • Subtitle A: Authorization of Appropriations
      • Subtitle B: Energy and Environmental Provisions
      • Subtitle C: Logistics and Sustainment
      • Subtitle D: Readiness
      • Subtitle E: Reports
      • Subtitle F: Limitations and Extensions of Authority
      • Subtitle G: Other Matters
    • Title IV: Military Personnel Authorizations
      • Subtitle A: Active Forces
      • Subtitle B: Reserve Forces
      • Subtitle C: Authorization of Appropriations
    • Title V: Military Personnel Policy
      • Subtitle A: Officer Personnel Policy Generally
      • Subtitle B: Reserve Component Management
      • Subtitle C: General Service Authorities
      • Subtitle D: Military Justice and Legal Matters
      • Subtitle E: Member Education and Training Opportunities and Administration
      • Subtitle F: Decorations and Awards
      • Subtitle G: Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness Matters
      • Subtitle H: Improved Sexual Assault Prevention and Response in the Armed Forces
      • Subtitle I: Other Matters
    • Title VI: Compensation and Other Personnel Benefits
      • Subtitle A: Pay and Allowances
      • Subtitle B: Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays
      • Subtitle C: Travel and Transportation Allowances Generally
      • Subtitle D: Benefits and Services for Members Being Separated or Recently Separated
      • Subtitle E: Commissary and Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentality Benefits and Operations
      • Subtitle F: Disability, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits
      • Subtitle G: Other Matters
    • Title VII: Health Care Provisions
      • Subtitle A: Improvements to Health Benefits
      • Subtitle B: Health Care Administration
      • Subtitle C: Reports and Other Matters
    • Title VIII: Acquisition Policy, Acquisition Management, and Related Matters
      • Subtitle A: Acquisition Policy and Management
      • Subtitle B: Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, and Limitations
      • Subtitle C: Provisions Relating to Contracts in Support of Contingency Operations in Iraq or Afghanistan
      • Subtitle D: Other Matters
    • Title IX: Department of Defense Organization and Management
      • Subtitle A: Department of Defense Management
      • Subtitle B: Space Activities
      • Subtitle C: Intelligence-Related Activities
      • Subtitle D: Total Force Management
      • Subtitle E: Cyberspace-Related Matters
      • Subtitle F: Other Matters
    • Title X: General Provisions
      • Subtitle A: Financial Matters
      • Subtitle B: Counter-Drug Activities
      • Subtitle C: Naval Vessels and Shipyards
      • Subtitle D: Counterterrorism
      • Subtitle E: Nuclear Forces
      • Subtitle F: Studies and Reports
      • Subtitle G: Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations
      • Subtitle H: Other Matters
    • Title XI: Civilian Personnel Matters
      • Subtitle A: General Provisions
      • Subtitle B: Interagency Personnel Rotations
    • Title XII: Matters Relating to Foreign Nations
      • Subtitle A: Assistance and Training
      • Subtitle B: Matters Relating to Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan
      • Subtitle C: Matters Relating to Iran
      • Subtitle D: Reports and Other Matters
      • Subtitle E: Authority to Remove Satellites and Related Components and Technology From the United States Munitions List
    • Title XIII: Cooperative Threat Reduction
    • Title XIV: Other Authorizations
      • Subtitle A: Military Programs
      • Subtitle B: National Defense Stockpile
      • Subtitle C: Other Matters
    • Title XV: Authorization of Additional Appropriations for Overseas Contingency Operations
      • Subtitle A: Authorization of Additional Appropriations
      • Subtitle B: Financial Matters
      • Subtitle C: Limitations and Other Matters
    • Title XVI: Industrial Base Matters
      • Subtitle A: Defense Industrial Base Matters
      • Subtitle B: Department of Defense Activities Related to Small Business Matters
      • Subtitle C: Matters Relating to Small Business Concerns
        • Part I: Procurement Center Representatives
        • Part II: Goals for Procurement Contracts Awarded to Small Business Concerns
        • Part III: Mentor-Protege Program
        • Part IV: Transparency in Contracting
          • Subpart A: Limitations on Subcontracting
          • Subpart B: Subcontracting Plans
          • Subpart C: Publication of Certain Documents
        • Part V: Small Business Concern Size Standards
        • Part VI: Contract Bundling
        • Part VII: Increased Penalties for Fraud
        • Part VIII: Offices of Small and Disadvantaged Business Units
        • Part IX: Early Stage Small Business Contracting
        • Part X: Other Matters
    • Title XVII: End Trafficking in Government Contracting
  • Division B: Military Construction Authorizations
    • Title XXI: Army Military Construction
    • Title XXII: Navy Military Construction
    • Title XXIII: Air Force Military Construction
    • Title XXIV: Defense Agencies Military Construction
      • Subtitle A: Defense Agency Authorizations
      • Subtitle B: Chemical Demilitarization Authorizations
    • Title XXV: North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment Program
    • Title XXVI: Guard and Reserve Forces Facilities
      • Subtitle A: Project Authorizations and Authorization of Appropriations
      • Subtitle B: Other Matters
    • Title XXVII: Base Realignment and Closure Activities
      • Subtitle A: Authorization of Appropriations
      • Subtitle B: Other Matters
    • Title XXVIII: Military Construction General Provisions
      • Subtitle A: Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing Changes
      • Subtitle B: Real Property and Facilities Administration
      • Subtitle C: Energy Security
      • Subtitle D: Provisions Related to Guam Realignment
      • Subtitle E: Land Conveyances
      • Subtitle F: Other Matters
    • Title XXIX: Overseas Contingency Operations Military Construction
  • Division C: Department of Energy National Security Authorizations and Other Authorizations
    • Title XXXI: Department of Energy National Security Programs
      • Subtitle A: National Security Programs Authorizations
      • Subtitle B: Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations
      • Subtitle C: Improvements to National Security Energy Laws
      • Subtitle D: Reports
      • Subtitle E: Other Matters
    • Title XXXII: Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board
    • Title XXXIV: Naval Petroleum Reserves
    • Title XXXV: Maritime Administration
  • Division D: Funding Tables

CBO estimate, dated 5/15/12, prepared for the House Committee on Armed Services.
H.R. 4310 would authorize appropriations totaling $637 billion for fiscal year 2013 for the military functions of the Department of Defense (DoD), for certain activities of the Department of Energy (DOE), and for other purposes. That total includes an estimated $89 billion for the cost of overseas contingency operations, primarily in Afghanistan. In addition, H.R. 4310 would prescribe personnel strengths for each active-duty and selected-reserve component of the U.S. armed forces. CBO estimates that appropriation of the authorized amounts would result in outlays of $626 billion over the 2013-2017 period.
Preliminary estimate of the direct spending effects of H.R. 4310, dated 5/11/12, prepared for the House Committee on Armed Services.
Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Effects for H.R. 4310, dated 12/19/12.
House Report 112-479.
House Report 112-479, Part 2.
Conference report 112-705.
Legislation summary.
1/2/2013
112-240 H.R. 8 "American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012"
An act entitled the "American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012".
CRS summary.
"Fiscal Cliff" avoidance bill. Table of Contents listed below. More detail provided in CRS Summary at link above.
  • Title I: General Extensions
  • Title II: Individual Tax Extenders
  • Title III: Business Tax Extenders
  • Title IV: Energy Tax Extenders
  • Title V: Unemployment
  • Title VI: Medicare and Other Health Extensions
    • Subtitle A: Medicare Extensions
    • Subtitle B: Other Health Extensions
    • Subtitle C: Other Health Provisions
  • Title VII: Extension of Agricultural Programs
  • Title VIII: Miscellaneous Provisions
  • Title IX: Budget Provisions
    • Subtitle A: Modifications of Sequestration
    • Subtitle B: Budgetary Effects

CBO Estimate, dated 1/1/13, of bill as passed in Senate on 1/1/13.
Total increase to deficit = $3.97 Trillion for period from 2013 - 2022.
Legislation summary.
1/2/2013
112-241 H.R. 1339 To designate the City of Salem, Massachusetts, as the Birthplace of the National Guard of the United States.
CRS summary.
Designates Salem, Massachusetts, as the Birthplace of the National Guard of the United States. Directs the Chief of the National Guard Bureau to provide military ceremonial support at the dedication of any monument, plaque, or other official recognition celebrating such designation. Prohibits federal funds from being used in connection with such recognition.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-242 H.R. 1845 "Medicare IVIG Access and Strengthening Medicare and Repaying Taxpayers Act of 2012"
To provide a demonstration project providing Medicare coverage for in-home administration of intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) and to amend title XVIII of the Social Security Act with respect to the application of Medicare secondary payer rules for certain claims.
CRS summary.
Title I: Medicare IVIG Access - Directs the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to establish a three-year demonstration project under part B (Supplementary Medical Insurance) of title XVIII (Medicare) of the Social Security Act (SSA) to evaluate the benefits of providing payment for items and services needed for the in-home administration of intravenous immune globin (IVIG) for the treatment of primary immune deficiency diseases. Requires the Secretary to enroll up to 4,000 Medicare beneficiaries who have been diagnosed with primary immunodeficiency disease for participation in the project.
Title II: Strengthening Medicare Secondary Payer Rules - Adds requirements for determination through a Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) website of a final amount for reimbursement to the appropriate Trust Fund for a conditional Medicare secondary payment in the event that a beneficiary's primary plan proves to be responsible. Allows a Medicare claimant or applicable plan, within 120 days before the reasonably expected date of a settlement, judgment, award, or other payment, to notify the Secretary that a payment is reasonably expected and the payment's expected date.
Note: Considerably more summary at CRS summary link above.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-243 H.R. 2338 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 600 Florida Avenue in Cocoa, Florida, as the "Harry T. and Harriette Moore Post Office".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 600 Florida Avenue in Cocoa, Florida, as the "Harry T. and Harriette Moore Post Office."
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-244 H.R. 3263 "Lake Thunderbird Efficient Use Act of 2012"
To authorize the Secretary of the Interior to allow the storage and conveyance of nonproject water at the Norman project in Oklahoma, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to amend an existing contract or enter into one or more new contracts with the Central Oklahoma Master Conservancy District for the storage and conveyance of nonproject water in Norman project facilities to augment municipal and industrial supplies for the cities served by the District, if the Secretary determines that there is enough excess capacity in the reservoir on the Little River known as Lake Thunderbird that nonproject water can be stored there. Makes the costs of constructing, operating, and maintaining any additional infrastructure needed to enable the storage and conveyance of nonproject water in Norman project facilities under any provision of this Act the responsibility of the non-federal entity contracting with the Secretary for storage and conveyance rights.
CBO Estimate, dated 3/13/12.
H.R. 3263 would authorize the Secretary of the Interior to allow the Norman water project in central Oklahoma to store water conveyed from other projects. Enacting H.R. 3263 would affect direct spending; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. Based on information from the Bureau of Reclamation, however, CBO estimates that any impact on net direct spending would be negligible. Enacting the legislation would not affect revenues. The Norman Project consists of Norman Dam, Lake Thunderbird, and a pipeline system. It provides municipal and industrial water and flood protection to nearby communities. In 1966, the operation and maintenance responsibilities for the project were transferred from the federal government to the Central Oklahoma Master Conservancy District. H.R. 3263 would authorize the bureau to approve the conveyance and storage of water from other water projects in Lake Thunderbird. Under the bill, the district would purchase water from Oklahoma City’s Atoka Reservoir by accessing the nearby Atoka pipeline. The district would be required to pay all costs associated with constructing any additional facilities and associated operation and maintenances costs. Based on information from the bureau, CBO estimates that enacting the bill would affect direct spending (through the collection and spending of receipts), but such effects would not be significant.
House Report 112-442
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-245 H.R. 3641 "Pinnacles National Park Act"
To establish Pinnacles National Park in the State of California as a unit of the National Park System, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Establishes Pinnacles National Park in California to: (1) preserve and interpret for the benefit of future generations the chaparral, grasslands, blue oak woodlands, and majestic valley oak savanna ecosystems of the park's area, the areas's geomorphology, riparian watersheds, unique flora and fauna, and the ancestral and cultural history of native Americans, settlers, and explorers; and (2) interpret the recovery program for the California Condor and the international significance of that program. Abolishes Pinnacles National Monument and includes the lands and interests therein in Pinnacles National Park. Redesignates the Pinnacles Wilderness as the Hain Wilderness.
CBO Estimate, dated 7/23/12.
H.R. 3641 would redesignate the Pinnacles National Monument in California as the Pinnacles National Park. Based on information provided by the National Park Service, CBO estimates that the bill would have no significant impact on the federal budget. CBO expects that the proposed change in designation would have no significant effect on the costs of operating and maintaining the affected lands. Enacting H.R. 3641 would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
House Report 112-626
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-246 H.R. 3869 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 600 East Capitol Avenue in Little Rock, Arkansas, as the "Sidney 'Sid' Sanders McMath Post Office Building".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 600 East Capitol Avenue in Little Rock, Arkansas, as the "Sidney 'Sid' Sanders McMath Post Office Building."
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-247 H.R. 3892 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 8771 Auburn Folsom Road in Roseville, California, as the "Lance Corporal Victor A. Dew Post Office".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 8771 Auburn Folsom Road in Roseville, California, as the "Lance Corporal Victor A. Dew Post Office."
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-248 H.R. 4053 "Improper Payments Elimination and Recovery Improvement Act of 2012"
To intensify efforts to identify, prevent, and recover payment error, waste, fraud, and abuse within Federal spending.
CRS summary.
Requires the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to: (1) identify, annually, a list of high-priority federal programs for greater levels of oversight and review in which the highest dollar value or highest rate of improper payments occur or for which there is a higher risk of improper payments; (2) coordinate with agencies responsible for administering high-priority programs to establish annual targets and semi-annual or quarterly actions for reducing improper payments; and (3) provide guidance to agencies for improving estimates of improper payments. Requires federal agencies to report annually to their Inspectors General on any high-dollar improper payments identified. Requires OMB to make such reports available to the public on a central website. Requires federal agencies to review prepayment and preaward procedures and available databases to determine program or award eligibility and prevent improper payments before releasing any federal funds. Establishes the Do Not Pay Initiative, which shall include the use of the aforementioned databases and any other databases designated by OMB. Directs OMB to report annually on the operation of the Initiative, with an evaluation of whether the Initiative has reduced improper payments or awards, and provide the frequency of corrections or identification of incorrect database information. Requires OMB to establish a working system for prepayment and preaward review that includes the Do Not Pay Initiative. Requires each agency to review, not later than June 1, 2013, all of its payments and awards for all programs established through the working system. Authorizes agency heads and Inspectors General to enter into computer matching agreements to assist in the detection and prevention of improper payments. Requires OMB to issue guidance to agencies in implementing matching agreements and to establish procedures for correcting data in the Do Not Pay Initiative database. Requires the Attorney General to report on using data on the conviction and incarceration status of individuals to identify and prevent improper payments by federal agencies. Requires OMB to establish and report to Congress on a plan for improving the quality, accuracy, and timeliness of death data maintained by SSA. Directs OMB to determine current and historical rates and amounts of recovery of improper payments and targets for recovering improper payments, including specific information on amounts and payments recovered by recovery audit contractors.
CBO Estimate, dated 10/11/12.
H.R. 4053 would amend federal law to require agencies to make additional efforts to identify, recover, and prevent improper payments. Improper federal payments include several kinds of erroneous disbursements, such as overpayments, underpayments, payments that were not adequately documented, and fraudulent payments. Under the legislation, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), federal agencies, and their inspector generals would have additional responsibilities to better manage payment practices and reduce the incidence of improper payments. In addition, H.R. 4053 would make changes to the data-sharing protocols among federal agencies to facilitate the identification of improper payments. CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 4053 would have no significant cost over the next five years. The bill could affect direct spending by agencies not funded through annual appropriations; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. CBO estimates, however, that any net increase in spending by those agencies would not be significant. Enacting H.R. 4053 would not affect revenues. Most of the provisions of the bill would codify and expand current practices of the federal government. Executive Order 13520 and various Presidential memorandums have directed OMB and agencies to take steps to reduce improper payments. OMB has already drafted guidance on improper payments and created a Do-Not-Pay list. Consequently, CBO estimates that the additional responsibilities and reporting requirements to implement this bill would neither significantly increase administrative costs to federal agencies nor generate any significant incremental savings.
House Report 112-698
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-249 H.R. 4057 "Improving Transparency of Education Opportunities for Veterans Act of 2012"
To amend title 38, United States Code, to direct the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to develop a comprehensive policy to improve outreach and transparency to veterans and members of the Armed Forces through the provision of information on institutions of higher learning, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Directs the Secretary of Veterans Affairs (VA) to develop a comprehensive policy to improve outreach and transparency to veterans and members of the Armed Forces (members) through the provision of information on institutions of higher learning. Requires such information to: (1) include accreditation information and a description of available federal aid programs, and (2) be provided through hyperlinks on the VA website. Prohibits the Secretary from approving an educational institution that provides any commission, bonus, or other incentive payment based on success in securing enrollments. Requires the Secretary, in developing the policy, to conduct a market survey to determine the availability of a commercially available off-the-shelf online tool that: (1) allows veterans to determine whether they are academically ready to engage in postsecondary education and training opportunities, and (2) provides a list of providers of such opportunities. Directs the Secretary to report to the congressional veterans committees on: (1) the policy developed, (2) a plan to implement the policy, and (3) survey results. Directs the Secretary, as a condition of a grant or contract to a state for certain veterans' employment and training programs, to require the state to demonstrate the consideration of any military training received by a veteran when approving or denying a commercial driver's license or certification as an emergency or nonemergency medical professional. Prohibits the Secretary from making a grant or providing other assistance to any entity for the provision of housing or housing services to homeless veterans unless such entity submits to the Secretary a certification that the building proposed for such housing or services is in compliance with all local codes relevant to operations and level of care provided, as well as any other local requirements regarding the condition of the structure and the operation of the supportive housing or service center. Directs the Secretary to: (1) establish and maintain an open pit burn registry for members deployed in a contingency operation in Iraq or Afghanistan who may have been exposed to toxic chemicals and fumes caused by open burn pits used for disposing solid waste, (2) include in such registry information necessary to ascertain and monitor the health effects of such exposure, (3) develop a public information campaign to inform eligible individuals about the registry, and (4) periodically notify such individuals of significant developments in the study and treatment of conditions associated with such exposure. Requires the Secretary to: (1) contract with an independent scientific organization to develop a report assessing the effectiveness of actions taken to collect and maintain information on the health effects of such exposure, and (2) submit the completed report to Congress. Prohibits the Secretary from paying more than $1 million in Senior Executive Service performance awards for each of FY2013-FY2017.
CBO Estimate, dated 8/2/12.
H.R. 4057 would require the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to provide information on educational institutions to veterans and servicemembers, establish a registry to track servicemembers who may have been exposed to toxic chemicals caused by open burn pits, and make other changes to programs that provide services to veterans. The bill also would limit the amount of performance awards VA may pay to senior staff. On net, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 4057 would reduce discretionary costs by $1 million over the 2013-2017 period, assuming appropriation actions consistent with the bill. Pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply to this legislation because it would not affect direct spending or revenues.
House Report 112-646
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-250 H.R. 4073 To authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to accept the quitclaim, disclaimer, and relinquishment of a railroad right of way within and adjacent to Pike National Forest in El Paso County, Colorado, originally granted to the Mt. Manitou Park and Incline Railway Company pursuant to the Act of March 3, 1875.
CRS summary.
Authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to accept the quitclaim, disclaimer, and relinquishment by the Manitou and Pikes Peak Railway Company of a specified right-of-way adjacent to Pike National Forest that was originally granted to the Mt. Manitou Park and Incline Railway Company for the construction of a railroad and station in El Paso County, Colorado.
CBO Estimate, dated 6/21/12.
H.R. 4073 would authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to accept the relinquishment of certain lands located in El Paso County, Colorado, from the Manitou and Pikes Peak Railway Company. Those lands consist of less than 1 mile of abandoned railroad bed currently used as a hiking trail. Based on information provided by the Forest Service, CBO estimates that any additional costs to administer the affected lands would be minimal. Enacting the legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
House Report 112-599
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-251 H.R. 4389 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 19 East Merced Street in Fowler, California, as the "Cecil E. Bolt Post Office".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 19 East Merced Street in Fowler, California, as the "Cecil E. Bolt Post Office."
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-252 H.R. 5859 To repeal an obsolete provision in title 49, United States Code, requiring motor vehicle insurance cost reporting.
CRS summary.
Repeals the requirement that the Secretary of Transportation (DOT) prescribe regulations to require passenger motor vehicle dealers to distribute to prospective buyers information comparing insurance costs for different makes and models of passenger motor vehicles based on damage susceptibility and crashworthiness. Declares any regulations promulgated pursuant to that requirement to have no force or effect. Directs the Secretary, after providing for public comment, to study and report to Congress on the most useful data, format, and method for providing simple and understandable damage susceptibility information to consumers.
CBO Estimate, dated 6/28/12.
CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 5859 would have no significant effect on the federal budget. Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply. Under current law, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) requires dealers of motor vehicles to make available to prospective buyers information it prepares that compares the cost to insure different makes and models, based on a number of characteristics. H.R. 5859 would repeal that requirement. The bill also would require NHTSA to complete a study about the best way to get information to consumers about the likelihood of a vehicle being damaged in an accident. Based on information from the agency, CBO estimates that NHTSA spends less than $100,000 annually to prepare and distribute insurance information to dealers and that the costs to complete the study would also be small.
House Report 112-591
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-253 H.R. 6014 "Katie Sepich Enhanced DNA Collection Act of 2012"
To authorize the Attorney General to award grants for States to implement DNA arrestee collection processes.
CRS summary.
Directs the Attorney General to make grants to assist states with costs associated with the implementation of minimum or enhanced DNA collection processes. Defines such processes for the purpose of this Act.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-254 H.R. 6260 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 211 Hope Street in Mountain View, California, as the "Lieutenant Kenneth M. Ballard Memorial Post Office".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 211 Hope Street in Mountain View, California, as the "Lieutenant Kenneth M. Ballard Memorial Post Office."
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-255 H.R. 6379 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 6239 Savannah Highway in Ravenel, South Carolina, as the "Representative Curtis B. Inabinett, Sr. Post Office".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 6239 Savannah Highway in Ravenel, South Carolina, as the "Representative Curtis B. Inabinett, Sr. Post Office."
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-256 H.R. 6587 To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 225 Simi Village Drive in Simi Valley, California, as the "Postal Inspector Terry Asbury Post Office Building".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 225 Simi Village Drive in Simi Valley, California, as the "Postal Inspector Terry Asbury Post Office Building."
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-257 H.R. 6620 "Former Presidents Protection Act of 2012"
To amend title 18, United States Code, to eliminate certain limitations on the length of Secret Service Protection for former Presidents and for the children of former Presidents.
CRS summary.
Amends the federal criminal code to eliminate certain limitations on the length of Secret Service protection for former Presidents and their spouses and children. Authorizes the Secret Service to protect: (1) former Presidents and their spouses for their lifetimes, except that protection of a spouse shall terminate in the event of remarriage; and (2) children of a former President who are under age 16.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-258 H.R. 6671 "Video Privacy Protection Act Amendments Act of 2012"
To amend section 2710 of title 18, United States Code, to clarify that a video tape service provider may obtain a consumer's informed, written consent on an ongoing basis and that consent may be obtained through the Internet.
CRS summary.
Amends provisions of the federal criminal code authorizing a video tape service provider to disclose personally identifiable information concerning any consumer to any person with the informed, written consent of the consumer to: (1) allow such consent to be provided through an electronic means using the Internet; (2) require such consent be in a form distinct and separate from any form setting forth other legal or financial obligations of the consumer; (3) allow such consent to be given in advance for a set period of time, not to exceed two years or until consent is withdrawn by the consumer, whichever is sooner; and (4) require the video tape service provider to provide an opportunity for the consumer to withdraw such consent on a case-by-case basis or to withdraw from ongoing disclosures, at the consumer's election.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-259 S. 925 "Mt. Andrea Lawrence Designation Act of 2011"
A bill to designate Mt. Andrea Lawrence.
CRS summary.
Designates peak 12,240, which is located 0.6 miles northeast of Donahue Peak on the northern border of the Ansel Adams Wilderness and Yosemite National Park in California, as Mt. Andrea Lawrence.
CBO Estimate, dated 4/30/12.
The Congressional Budget Office has reviewed S. 925, the Mt. Andrea Lawrence Designation Act of 2011, as ordered reported by the House Committee on Natural Resources on April 25, 2012. CBO estimates that enacting this legislation to name a peak in Mono County, California, would have no significant impact on the federal budget and would not affect direct spending or revenues.
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-260 S. 3202 "Dignified Burial of Veterans Act of 2012"
A bill to amend title 38, United States Code, to ensure that deceased veterans with no known next of kin can receive a dignified burial, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Authorizes the Secretary of Veterans Affairs (VA) to furnish a casket or urn of sufficient quality for a dignified burial for the burial in a national cemetery of a deceased veteran in any case where the Secretary is unable to identify the veteran's next-of-kin and determines that sufficient resources for such casket or urn are not otherwise available. Directs the Secretary to report to the congressional veterans committees on VA compliance with industry standards for caskets and urns.
CBO Estimate, dated 12/18/12.
Enacting S. 3202 would reduce net direct spending by extending the authority for the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to reduce the amount of pension paid to veterans residing in Medicaid nursing homes. The bill also would increase direct spending by enhancing burial benefits provided by VA. Enacting S. 3202 would not affect revenues.
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-261 S. 3666 A bill to amend the Animal Welfare Act to modify the definition of "exhibitor".
CRS summary.
Amends the Animal Welfare Act to exclude from the definition of "exhibitor," for purposes of the licensing and other regulatory requirements of the Act, owners of common, domesticated household pets who derive less than a substantial portion of income from a nonprimary source for exhibiting an animal that exclusively resides at the residence of the pet owner.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-262 S.J. Res. 49 A joint resolution providing for the appointment of Barbara Barrett as a citizen regent of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.
CRS summary.
Appoints Barbara Barrett as a citizen regent of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/10/2013
112-263 H.R. 443 A joint resolution providing for the appointment of Barbara Barrett as a citizen regent of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.
CRS summary.
Directs the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to convey specified property, including all land appurtenances, in Kotzebue, Alaska, to the Maniilaq Association for use in connection with health and social services programs. Requires such conveyance to be made by a warranty deed without consideration and without imposing any obligation, term, or condition, on the Maniilaq Association, or U.S. reversionary interest, other than that as required by this Act or under the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act. Supersedes and renders of no future effect the Secretary's conveyance of title on any quitclaim deed for such properties that was executed by the Secretary and the Maniilaq Association. Shields the Maniilaq Association from liability for soil, surface water, groundwater, or other contamination resulting from the disposal, release, or presence of environmental contamination, including oil or petroleum products, or hazardous substances on any of the property on or before the date on which all of the properties were conveyed by quitclaim deed. Accords to the Secretary any easement or access to the conveyed property as may be necessary to satisfy any retained obligations and liability. Requires the Secretary to be in compliance with requirements under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) respecting certain deeds for the transfer of U.S. owned real property on which any hazardous substance was stored for one year or more, disposed of, or known to have been released.
CBO Estimate, dated 7/10/12.
H.R. 443 would convey three Indian Health Service (IHS) properties in Kotzebue, Alaska, to the Maniilaq Association, a tribal nonprofit organization. Based on information from the IHS, CBO estimates that the conveyances would have no significant impact on the federal budget. According to the agency, it does not currently receive any lease payments or other receipts from the properties. Enacting H.R. 443 would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
House Report 112-318, Part 1.
Senate Report 112-250
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-264 H.R. 1464 "North Korean Refugee Adoption Act of 2011"
An act to express the sense of Congress regarding North Korean children and children of one North Korean parent and to require the Department of State regularly to brief appropriate congressional committees on efforts to advocate for and develop a strategy to provide assistance in the best interest of these children.
CRS summary.
Directs the Secretary of State to designate a representative to regularly brief Congress on U.S. efforts to advocate for the best interests of North Korean children and children of one North Korean parent, including efforts to address the adoption of such children living outside North Korea without parental care. Directs such designee to address the Department of State's: (1) analysis of the challenges facing North Korean children residing outside North Korea and challenges facing children of one North Korean parent in other countries who are fleeing persecution or are living as de jure or de facto stateless persons (such North Korean children); (2) efforts to advocate for the best interest of such North Korean children, including family reunification efforts and the adoption of North Korean children living outside North Korea and children of one North Korean parent living outside North Korea; (3) efforts to address challenges that U.S. citizens would encounter in attempting to adopt such North Korean children, including efforts to overcome the complexities involved in best interest determinations and adoption processing of those who habitually reside in a Hague country or a non-Hague country; (4) diplomatic efforts to encourage countries in which North Korean children or children of one North Korean parent are fleeing persecution or reside as de jure or de facto stateless persons to resolve issues of statelessness of North Koreans residing in that country; and (5) efforts to work with the Republic of Korea to establish pilot programs that assist in the family reunification of North Korean children and children of one North Korean parent living within South Korea and other countries who are fleeing persecution or are living as de jure or de facto stateless persons.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-265 H.R. 2076 "Investigative Assistance for Violent Crimes Act of 2012"
To amend title 28, United States Code, to clarify the statutory authority for the longstanding practice of the Department of Justice of providing investigatory assistance on request of State and local authorities with respect to certain serious violent crimes, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Authorizes the Attorney General (AG), at the request of an appropriate law enforcement official of a state or political subdivision, to assist in the investigation of violent acts and shootings occurring in a place of public use, and in the investigation of mass killings and attempted mass killings. Defines "mass killings" as three or more killings in a single incident. Authorizes the AG to pay rewards of up to $3 million (currently, $2 million), subject to exceptions, for assistance to the Department of Justice (DOJ). Amends the Homeland Security Act of 2002 to permit the Secretary of Homeland Security (DHS), at the request of an appropriate law enforcement official of a state or political subdivision and through deployment of the Secret Service or U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), to assist in the investigation of violent acts and shootings occurring in a place of public use, and in the investigation of mass killings and attempted mass killings. Requires that any assistance provided under this Act be presumed to be within the scope of federal office or employment.
CBO Estimate, dated 1/5/12.
CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 2076 would have no significant cost to the federal government. Enacting the legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply. H.R. 2076 would clarify the authority of the Department of Justice (DOJ) to assist state and local governments in investigating certain violent crimes. The act also would raise, from $2 million to $3 million, the maximum reward that DOJ may offer for public assistance in solving crimes. Based on information from DOJ about rewards paid in recent years, CBO expects very few rewards to exceed $2 million. Thus, we estimate that H.R. 2076 would have no significant effect on department spending (rewards are paid from appropriated funds).
House Report 112-186
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-266 H.R. 4212 "Drywall Safety Act of 2012"
To prevent the introduction into commerce of unsafe drywall, to ensure the manufacturer of drywall is readily identifiable, to ensure that problematic drywall removed from homes is not reused, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Expresses the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Commerce should insist that: (1) the government of China, which has ownership interests in the companies that manufactured and exported problematic drywall to the United States, facilitate a meeting between the companies and U.S. government representatives about remedying affected homeowners; and (2) such companies comply with any related U.S. court decisions. Requires certain gypsum board labeling standards of ASTM International (formerly known as the American Society for Testing and Materials), as in effect on the day before the enactment of this Act, to be treated as a rule promulgated by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). Provides procedures for: (1) ASTM International to notify the CPSC of any subsequent revision of such standards; and (2) the revised standards to become effective unless the CPSC, within a specified period, determines that the revisions do not adequately identify gypsum board by manufacturer and month and year of manufacture. Requires the CPSC to promulgate a final rule concerning drywall manufactured or imported for domestic use that limits sulfur content to a level not associated with elevated rates of corrosion in the home. Provides exceptions, and means of enforcement as a rule, if the CPSC determines that a voluntary standard (developed by a specified Subcommittee on Specifications and Test Methods for Gypsum Products of ASTM International) is adequate to permit identification and publishes the determination in the Federal Register. Provides procedures for revision of such voluntary standards. Allows the CPSC, at any time subsequent to publication of such a rule, to initiate a rulemaking to modify the sulfur content limit or include a provision relating only to drywall composition or characteristics that the CPSC determines is reasonably necessary to protect public health or safety. Directs the CPSC to revise its "Remediation Guidance for Homes with Corrosion from Problem Drywall" to specify that problematic drywall removed pursuant to the guidance should not be reused or used as a component in production of new drywall.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-267 H.R. 4365 To amend title 5, United States Code, to make clear that accounts in the Thrift Savings Fund are subject to certain Federal tax levies.
CRS summary.
Amends the Internal Revenue Code to make Thrift Savings Fund accounts subject to a federal tax levy. Requires any revenue gain attributable to the enacment of this Act to be deposited in the general fund of the Treasury and used solely for deficit reduction.
CBO Estimate, dated 7/19/12.
H.R. 4365 would eliminate an apparent conflict that exists in current law between the Federal Employees’ Retirement System Act of 1986 (FERSA) and the Internal Revenue Code. The Internal Revenue Code provides broad authority to the Internal Revenue Service to collect unpaid federal taxes by levy, a legal process that includes ordering a third party to turn over property in its possession that belongs to the taxpayer who has unpaid tax liabilities. FERSA includes a provision (as contained in U.S. Code, title 5, section 8437) that broadly protects assets in Thrift Savings Plan accounts from levy, with certain exceptions. Currently, those exceptions do not include federal tax levies, and the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board has refused to honor notices of such levies. H.R. 4365 would include federal tax levies in the list of exceptions. The staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) estimates that enacting H.R. 4365 would increase revenues by $24 million over the 2012-2022 period. The entire revenue increase would result from an increase in on-budget revenues, and thus pay-as-you-go procedures apply. Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending.
House Report 112-630
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-268 H.R. 4606 To authorize the issuance of right-of-way permits for natural gas pipelines in Glacier National Park, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to issue right-of-way permits for natural gas pipelines (including all appurtenances used in their operation) that, as of March 1, 2012, are within the boundary of Glacier National Park in Montana. Specifies that each such permit shall be: (1) issued as a right-of-way renewal, (2) for a width of not more than 25 feet on either side of the centerline of the pipeline, and (3) subject to any terms and conditions that are determined by the Secretary to be necessary.
CBO Estimate, dated 7/25/12.
H.R. 4606 would authorize the National Park Service (NPS) to issue permits for certain natural gas pipelines located in Glacier National Park in Montana. CBO estimates that the legislation would have no significant impact on the federal budget. H.R. 4606 could increase offsetting receipts from permit fees and associated direct spending; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. However, CBO estimates that the net effect on direct spending would be insignificant in any given year and over the 2013-2022 period. Enacting the legislation would not affect revenues. The legislation would apply only to pipelines that were built in the park prior to passage of the bill. Currently, there is only one such pipeline. Based on information provided by the NPS, CBO estimates that, under H.R. 4606, the owner of that pipeline would pay less than $40,000 in fees over the 2013-2022 period to maintain permits and leases necessary to continue operating the pipeline. That amount includes an application fee that would be retained and spent by the NPS without further appropriation and lease fees that would be deposited in the Treasury.
House Report 112-627
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-269 H.R. 6029 "Foreign and Economic Espionage Penalty Enhancement Act of 2012"
To amend title 18, United States Code, to provide for increased penalties for foreign and economic espionage, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Amends the federal criminal code to increase the maximum fine for economic espionage (i.e., stealing or obtaining, duplicating or conveying, or buying or possessing trade secrets without authorization, intending or knowing that the offense will benefit any foreign government, foreign instrumentality, or foreign agent) committed by individuals (from $500,000 to $5 million) or by organizations (from $10 million to $10 million or 3 times the value of the stolen trade secret to the organization). Directs the U.S. Sentencing Commission to review and amend the federal sentencing guidelines and policy statements applicable to offenses relating to the transmission of a stolen trade secret outside of the United States or economic espionage in order to reflect the intent of Congress that penalties for such offenses reflect the seriousness of, and potential and actual harm caused by, such offenses and provide adequate deterrence. Directs the Commission to: (1) consider the extent to which such guidelines and statements appropriately account for the simple misappropriation of a trade secret; (2) consider whether additional enhancements are appropriate to account for any transmission of a stolen trade secret outside of the United States and any such transmission that is committed for the benefit of a foreign government, instrumentality, or agent; and (3) ensure reasonable consistency with other relevant directives, guidelines and statements, and related federal statutes.
CBO Estimate, dated 7/17/12.
H.R. 6029 would increase the maximum penalties, including fines, for revealing trade secrets to foreign entities and would direct the United States Sentencing Commission (USSC) to review and, if necessary, amend sentencing guidelines for economic espionage. Based on information provided by the USSC, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 6029 would have no significant impact on the federal budget. Enacting H.R. 6029 could affect direct spending and revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. However, CBO estimates that the net effects would be insignificant for each year. Because those prosecuted and convicted under H.R. 6029 could be subject to criminal fines, the federal government might collect additional fines if the legislation is enacted. Criminal fines are recorded as revenues, deposited in the Crime Victims Fund, and later spent. CBO expects that any additional revenues and direct spending would not be significant because of the small number of cases likely affected.
House Report 112-610
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-270 H.R. 6060 "Endangered Fish Recovery Programs Extension Act of 2012"
To amend Public Law 106-392 to maintain annual base funding for the Upper Colorado and San Juan fish recovery programs through fiscal year 2019.
CRS summary.
Extends through FY2019 the authority of the Secretary of the Interior to use power revenues collected pursuant to the Colorado River Storage Project Act for annual base funding of endangered fish recovery implementation programs for the Upper Colorado and San Juan River Basins. Sets forth restrictions with respect to the indirect cost recovery rate for any transfer of funds to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service from another federal agency for the purpose of funding any activity associated with such programs. Prohibits the use of federal funds to cover expenses incurred by an employee or detailee of the Department of the Interior to travel to any location (other than the field office to which that individual is otherwise assigned) to advocate, lobby, or attend meetings that advocate or lobby for such programs.
CBO Estimate, dated 9/12/12.
H.R. 6060 would extend the authority of the Secretary of the Interior to spend, without further appropriation, certain proceeds collected from the sale of hydroelectric power by the Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) for fish recovery programs in the Upper Colorado and San Juan River Basins. CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 6060 would not affect the federal budget. Because the bill would not affect direct spending or revenues, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply to the bill. The explicit authority to spend WAPA proceeds from hydroelectricity sales for certain fish recovery programs expired at the end of fiscal year 2011. Since 2011, the bureau has continued to fund those programs at a cost of about $3 million annually using its general authority to spend proceeds from WAPA’s electricity sales. Those fish recovery activities include research, removal of nonnative fish, and program-management activities.
House Report 112-672
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-271 H.R. 6328 "Clothe a Homeless Hero Act"
To amend title 49, United States Code, to direct the Assistant Secretary of Homeland Security (Transportation Security Administration) to transfer unclaimed clothing recovered at airport security checkpoints to local veterans organizations and other local charitable organizations, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Directs the Assistant Secretary of Homeland Security (Transportation Security Administration [TSA]) to transfer unclaimed clothing recovered at airport security checkpoints to the local airport authority or other local authorities for donation to charity, including local veterans organizations or other local charitable organizations for distribution to homeless or needy veterans and their families. Authorizes the Assistant Secretary to enter into agreements with airport authorities for disposing of such clothing.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-272 H.R. 6364 "World War I Centennial Commission Act"
To establish a commission to ensure a suitable observance of the centennial of World War I, to provide for the designation of memorials to the service of members of the United States Armed Forces in World War I, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Establishes the World War I Centennial Commission to: (1) plan, develop, and execute programs, projects, and activities to commemorate the centennial of World War I; (2) encourage private organizations and state and local governments to organize and participate in such activities; (3) facilitate and coordinate such activities throughout the United States; (4) serve as a clearinghouse for the collection and dissemination of information about centennial events and plans; and (5) develop recommendations for Congress and the President for commemorating the centennial of World War I. Prohibits the obligation of federal funds to carry out this Act.
CBO Estimate, dated 12/7/12.
H.R. 6364 would establish a commission to plan, develop, and execute programs, projects, and activities to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the First World War. The 12-member commission would be required to submit various reports to the Congress on its activities and recommendations for commemorating the event. The commission would terminate July 28, 2019. All commission members would serve without pay but would be reimbursed for travel expenses. In addition, the commission could hire staff and use personnel detailed from other federal agencies to complete its work. In addition, the legislation would authorize the World War I Memorial Foundation to establish a National World War I Memorial in Washington, D.C., without federal funds, and it would designate the Liberty Memorial in Kansas City, Kansas, as the “National World War I Museum and Memorial.” Based on the costs of similar commissions and commemorative projects, CBO estimates that H.R. 6364 would cost about $4 million over the 2013-2017 period, subject to appropriation of the necessary amounts. Those funds would be used to plan, develop, and carry out activities and to prepare reports. Enacting H.R. 6364 would affect direct spending because it would authorize the commission to accept and spend monetary gifts, and the World War I Foundation would be required to provide funds to maintain the memorial authorized for Washington, D.C. Therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. However, CBO estimates that the net effect on direct spending would be insignificant. Enacting H.R. 6364 would not affect revenues.
House Report 112-701, Part 1.
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-273 H.R. 6586 "Space Exploration Sustainability Act"
To extend the application of certain space launch liability provisions through 2014.
CRS summary.
Amends the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2010 to express the sense of Congress that the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) shall proceed with the use of the International Space Station (ISS), technology development, and follow-on transportation systems (including the space launch system and the multipurpose crew vehicle) in a manner ensuring: (1) that these capabilities remain inherently complementary and interrelated; (2) a balance of the development, sustainment, and use of each of these capabilities, which are of critical importance to the viability and sustainability of the U.S. space program; and (3) that resources required to support the timely and sustainable development of these capabilities authorized in either title III or title IV of such Act are not derived from a reduction in resources for the capabilities authorized in the other title. Extends, through December 31, 2013, the authority of the Secretary of Transportation (DOT) to pay compensation for claims in excess of a commercial space launcher's required insurance coverage. Amends the Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Act to remove the purchase of goods or services relating to human space flight not required to be made under a contract or other agreement in effect on January 1, 1999, from the definition of "extraordinary payments in connection with the International Space Station" which federal agencies are prohibited from making to the Russian Aviation and Space Agency (RASA) and organizations or entities under its jurisdiction unless the President makes specified determinations regarding Russian cooperation in preventing weapons proliferation relating to Iran, North Korea, and Syria. (Thus waives the presidential determination requirement for federal agency payments to RASA for the purchase of any goods or services relating to human space flight.) Extends from July 1, 2016, to December 31, 2020, the current exception to the presidential determination requirement for payments for work to be performed or services to be rendered for work on the ISS before such date necessary to meet U.S. obligations under the Agreement Concerning Cooperation on the Civil International Space Station.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-274 H.R. 6621 To correct and improve certain provisions of the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act and title 35, United States Code.
CRS summary.
Amends the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA) to make technical changes regarding the transitional program for covered business method patents and joinder of parties.
- Additional summary available at CRS summary link above.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-275 H.R. 6655 "Protect Our Kids Act of 2012"
To establish a commission to develop a national strategy and recommendations for reducing fatalities resulting from child abuse and neglect.
CRS summary.
Establishes the Commission to Eliminate Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalities to: (1) study the use of child protective services and child welfare services under titles IV and XX (Block Grants to States for Social Services) of the Social Security Act (SSA) to reduce fatalities from child abuse and neglect; (2) develop recommendations to reduce such fatalities for federal, state, and local agencies, and private sector and nonprofit organizations, including recommendations to implement a comprehensive national strategy for such purpose; and (3) develop guidelines for the type of information that should be tracked to improve interventions to prevent such fatalities. Requires any federal agency affected by a recommendation to report to Congress its response and plans to address it. Amends SSA title IV part A (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families) (TANF) to make an adjustment to the Contingency Fund for State Welfare Programs with respect to deposits for FY2013-FY2014, reserving a specified amount for Commission activities.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-276 S. 3331 "Intercountry Adoption Universal Accreditation Act of 2012"
A bill to provide for universal intercountry adoption accreditation standards, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Applies universal intercountry adoption accreditation standards under the Intercountry Adoption Act of 2000, and related regulations, to the same extent as they apply to the offering or provision of adoption services in connection with an adoption under the Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption, to any person offering or providing adoption services in connection with a foreign orphan under age 16 adopted or to be adopted by a U.S. citizen. Gives the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Homeland Security (DHS), the Attorney General, and the accrediting entities the duties, responsibilities, and authorities under the Intercountry Adoption Act of 2000 and related regulations with respect to a person offering or providing such adoption services, regardless of whether such services are offered or provided in connection with a Convention adoption. Amends the Intercountry Adoption Act of 2000 to: (1) repeal the prohibition against, and so make available, collected fees to accrediting entities; and (2) add a congressional report requirement on the use of federal funding.
CBO Estimate, dated 10/17/12.
S. 3331 would expand the accreditation standards in the Intercountry Adoption Act of 2000 to cover all international adoptions. Currently, those standards apply only to adoptions from countries that are parties to the Convention on Protection of Children and Cooperation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Convention). The Department of State and U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services share the responsibility of overseeing adoptions from Hague Convention countries and also have staff to monitor adoptions from countries that are not parties to the convention. Based on information from both agencies, CBO estimates that no additional personnel would be required to implement the bill but that employees currently handling nonconvention cases would need training to implement the accreditation standards under the Hague Convention. Thus, CBO estimates that the bill would have insignificant discretionary costs over the 2013-2017 period, assuming the availability of appropriated funds. CBO further estimates that under the bill the number of adoptions from nonconvention countries would decline. With fewer people entering the United States through adoption, the demand for government programs such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and Medicaid would be reduced. CBO estimates that very few people would be affected and, thus, that enacting the bill would reduce direct spending for such programs by less than $500,000 over the 2013-2022 period. Enacting S. 3331 also would increase revenues from civil penalties imposed on those who violate the regulations governing international adoptions. CBO estimates that few people would be affected by such penalties and, thus, that additional revenues deposited in the Treasury would not be significant over the 2013-2022 period.
Senate Report 112-234
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-277 S. 3454 "Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013"
A bill to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2013 for intelligence and intelligence-related activities of the United States Government and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability System, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
* Title I: Budget and Personnel Authorizations - Authorizes appropriations for FY2013 for the conduct of intelligence and intelligence-related activities of the: (1) Office of the Director of National Intelligence (DNI); (2) Central Intelligence Agency (CIA); (3) Department of Defense (DOD); (4) Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA); (5) National Security Agency (NSA); (6) Departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force; (7) Coast Guard; (8) Departments of State, the Treasury, Energy (DOE), and Justice (DOJ); (9) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI); (10) Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA); (11) National Reconnaissance Office; (12) National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGIA); and (13) Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Specifies that the amounts authorized above and the authorized personnel ceilings for such activities are those specified in the classified Schedule of Authorizations, which shall be made available to the congressional appropriations committees and the President. Authorizes appropriations of $540,721,000 for the Intelligence Community Management Account for FY2013, as well as for full-time personnel for elements within such Account.
* Title II: Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability System - Authorizes appropriations of $514,000,000 for FY2013 for the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability Fund.
* Title III: General Intelligence Community Matters - Prohibits the authorization of appropriations by this Act from being deemed to constitute authority to conduct any intelligence activity not otherwise authorized by the Constitution or laws of the United States.
* Title IV: Matters Relating to the Central Intelligence Agency
* Title V: Other Matters
No CBO Estimate.
Senate Report 112-192
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-278 S. 3472 "Uninterrupted Scholars Act"
A bill to amend the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 to provide improvements to such Act.
CRS summary.
Amends provisions of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 that prohibit the Department of Education from funding educational agencies or institutions that release student educational records (or personally identifiable information other than certain directory information) to any individual, agency, or organization without written parental consent. Expands the list of organizations exempt from such prohibitions (thereby permitting the educational agencies or institutions participating in a Department of Education program to release records or identifiable information to such organizations without parental consent) to include an agency caseworker or other representative of a state or local child welfare agency or tribal organization authorized to access a student's case plan when such agencies or organizations are legally responsible for the care and protection of the student. Sets forth conditions including that: (1) the education records, or the personally identifiable information contained in such records, will not be disclosed by such agency or organization, except to an individual or entity engaged in addressing the student's education needs and authorized by such agency or organization to receive such disclosure; and (2) such disclosures be consistent with applicable student record confidentiality laws of states and tribes. Permits the release of such records and information without additional notice to parents and students when a parent is a party to a court proceeding involving child abuse and neglect or dependency matters and a court order has already been issued in the context of that proceeding.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-279 S. 3630 A bill to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 218 North Milwaukee Street in Waterford, Wisconsin, as the "Captain Rhett W. Schiller Post Office".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 218 North Milwaukee Street in Waterford, Wisconsin, as the "Captain Rhett W. Schiller Post Office."
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-280 S. 3662 "Lieutenant Ryan Patrick Jones Post Office Designation Act"
A bill to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 6 Nichols Street in Westminster, Massachusetts, as the "Lieutenant Ryan Patrick Jones Post Office Building".
CRS summary.
Designates the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 6 Nichols Street in Westminster, Massachusetts, as the "Lieutenant Ryan Patrick Jones Post Office Building."
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-281 S. 3677 A bill to make a technical correction to the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973.
CRS summary.
Amends the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 to apply escrow requirements for flood insurance payments to residential improved real estate or a mobile home (currently, such requirements apply to improved real estate or a mobile home).
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-282 S.J. Res. 44 A joint resolution granting the consent of Congress to the State and Province Emergency Management Assistance Memorandum of Understanding.
CRS summary.
Grants the consent of Congress to the State and Province Emergency Management Assistance Memorandum of Understanding entered into between the states of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, New York, and Wisconsin and the Canadian provinces of Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, and Saskatchewan.
CBO Estimate, dated 8/23/12.
S. J. Res 44 would grant Congressional consent to the State and Province Emergency Management Assistance Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) entered into between the states of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, New York, and Wisconsin and four provinces of Canada (other states and provinces may agree to the MoU at a later date). The MoU allows participating jurisdictions to cooperate in planning and training exercises and to provide mutual assistance following an emergency or disaster. Examples of allowable activities include: sharing emergency operations plans and hazard analyses, joint training exercises, and the sharing of personnel, equipment, materials, and supplies. CBO does not expect that the execution of this MoU would affect the budget of the federal government over the next five years.
Legislation summary.
1/14/2013
112-283 S. 2318 "Department of State Rewards Program Update and Technical Corrections Act of 2012"
A bill to authorize the Secretary of State to pay a reward to combat transnational organized crime and for information concerning foreign nationals wanted by international criminal tribunals, and for other purposes.
CRS summary.
Expresses the sense of Congress that the Department of State rewards program should be expanded to: (1) address the threat to U.S. interests from transnational criminal activity, such as intellectual property rights piracy, money laundering, trafficking in persons, arms trafficking, and cyber crime; and (2) target individuals indicted by international, hybrid, or mixed tribunals for genocide, war crimes, or crimes against humanity. Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to include in the program's purpose the prevention of acts of transnational organized crime and violations of international humanitarian law. Authorizes the Secretary of State to issue rewards for information leading to: (1) the arrest or conviction in any country of any individual for participating in, primarily outside the United States, transnational organized crime; (2) the arrest or conviction in any country of any individual conspiring to participate in or attempting to participate in transnational organized crime; or (3) the arrest or conviction in any country, or the transfer to or conviction by an international criminal tribunal, of any foreign national accused of war crimes, crimes against humanity, or genocide. Directs the Secretary to notify Congress at least 15 days before announcing a reward for a foreign national accused of war crimes, crimes against humanity, or genocide. Eliminates program references to the reward for the capture or death of Osama bin Laden. States that nothing in this Act shall be construed as authorizing the use of activity precluded under the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002. States that the Secretary shall use amounts available to the Department's Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Services account to pay rewards authorized pursuant to this Act and to carry out other related activities.
No CBO Estimate.
Legislation summary.
1/15/2013


Private Laws

Private Law Bill Description Date Signed
112-1 S. 285 For the relief of Sopuruchi Chukwueke.
CRS Summary
Provides for the relief of Sopuruchi Chukwueke.
CBO estimate, dated 7/26/12, prepared for the Senate Committee on the Judiciary.
CBO estimate, dated 8/2/12, prepared for the House Committee on the Judiciary.
S. 285 would make Sopuruchi Chukwueke eligible for permanent U.S. residence. The act would affect only one person and could have a very small effect on fees collected by the Department of Homeland Security and thus would affect direct spending. Therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. CBO estimates, however, that enacting S. 285 would have no significant impact on the federal budget.
On July 25, 2012, CBO transmitted a cost estimate for S. 285 as reported by the Senate Committee on the Judiciary on July 19, 2012. The two versions of the legislation are the same, as are the CBO cost estimates.
House Report 112-695
Legislation summary.
12/28/2012


Bills Vetoed by the President.

Bill Description/Status Date Vetoed
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